Exploring Language Through the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary
Author: David Crystal
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Language Arts & Disciplines
Did you know that the English language has over 150 words for the adjective 'drunk' developed over 1,000 years? Be prepared to learn words you have never heard before, find out fascinating facts behind everyday words, and be surprised at how lively and varied the English language can be. Published to critical acclaim in 2009, the Historical Thesaurus of the Oxford English Dictionary is the first comprehensive thesaurus in the world to arrange words by meaning in order of first recorded use. Using its unique perspective on how the English language has developed, Words in Time and Place takes 15 themes and explores the language in these areas over time - explaining when new words appeared, where they came from, and what such changes say about times in which they emerged. The themes chosen are varied, universal topics and show the semantic range of the thesaurus and what it can tell us about the words used in areas of everyday life. Learn about the different words for dying and money, or types of pop music, as well as words for a privy, oaths, and words for being drunk. Written by the world's leading expert on the English language, David Crystal, the book carries his trademark style of engaging yet authoritative writing. Each chapter features an introduction to the language of that topic, followed by a timeline of vocabulary taken from the historical thesaurus showing all the synonyms arranged in chronological order. The timelines are annotated with additional quotations, facts, and social and historical context to give a clear sense of how words entered the English language, when, and in which context they were used. Words in Time and Place showcases the unique and excellent resource that is the Historical Thesaurus and reveals the linguistic treasures to be found within. This fascinating book will appeal to anyone with an interest in words and in the development of the English language.
The American Historical Association Companion to Food History
Author: Paul Freedman
Publisher: Univ of California Press
Food and cuisine are important subjects for historians across many areas of study. Food, after all, is one of the most basic human needs and a foundational part of social and cultural histories. Such topics as famines, food supply, nutrition, and public health are addressed by historians specializing in every era and every nation. Food in Time and Place delivers an unprecedented review of the state of historical research on food, endorsed by the American Historical Association, providing readers with a geographically, chronologically, and topically broad understanding of food cultures—from ancient Mediterranean and medieval societies to France and its domination of haute cuisine. Teachers, students, and scholars in food history will appreciate coverage of different thematic concerns, such as transfers of crops, conquest, colonization, immigration, and modern forms of globalization.
This is a varied collection of short stories. They describe unusual life experiences of people that are interrelated to animals, the natural environment, and nature in its broadest sense, as well as to other people.
An Essay on the Nature and Purpose of Historical Studies
Author: F. Dovring
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This essay has grown out of an attempt to find the answers to problems basically inherent in the making of historical re search. Widespread among humanists is a vagueness of con cepts which many times makes it difficult or impossible to translate our way of thinking into the terms of natural science or vice versa. It sounds, sometimes, as if humanistic studies were a world of its own, rather than a part of the natural world we all1ive in. How long can we go on believing that there are different kinds of knowledge ~ To this conflict of theory, another is added: a feeling of urgency about cultural problems that are too often left to the future to solve. History is not, as some natural scientists tend to believe, a matter of no practical consequence. It is a virulent factor in political and social conflicts and a basic substance in the structure of our personalities. The present dynamic epoch raises with particular stress the problem of understanding the conditioning influence which the past exercises upon the present in each particular community. Such a substance is neither a toy for pastime hobbies nor an innocent weapon in the hands of dictators. Which is, then, the responsibility of the historian, both for what he does and for what he abstains from doing ~ The necessity to stay independent in order to approach objectivity makes for no easy answer.
Postmessianic Messianism and the Mystical Revision of Menaḥem Mendel Schneerson
Author: Elliot R. Wolfson
Publisher: Columbia University Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Menaḥem Mendel Schneerson (1902-1994) was the seventh and seemingly last Rebbe of the Habad-Lubavitch dynasty. Marked by conflicting tendencies, Schneerson was a radical messianic visionary who promoted a conservative political agenda, a reclusive contemplative who built a hasidic sect into an international movement, and a man dedicated to the exposition of mysteries who nevertheless harbored many secrets. Schneerson astutely masked views that might be deemed heterodox by the canons of orthodoxy while engineering a fundamentalist ideology that could subvert traditional gender hierarchy, the halakhic distinction between permissible and forbidden, and the social-anthropological division between Jew and Gentile. While most literature on the Rebbe focuses on whether or not he identified with the role of Messiah, Elliot R. Wolfson, a leading scholar of Jewish mysticism and the phenomenology of religious experience, concentrates instead on Schneerson's apocalyptic sensibility and his promotion of a mystical consciousness that undermines all discrimination. For Schneerson, the ploy of secrecy is crucial to the dissemination of the messianic secret. To be enlightened messianically is to be delivered from all conceptual limitations, even the very notion of becoming emancipated from limitation. The ultimate liberation, or true and complete redemption, fuses the believer into an infinite essence beyond all duality, even the duality of being emancipated and not emancipated an emancipation, in other words, that emancipates one from the bind of emancipation. At its deepest level, Schneerson's eschatological orientation discerned that a spiritual master, if he be true, must dispose of the mask of mastery. Situating Habad's thought within the evolution of kabbalistic mysticism, the history of Western philosophy, and Mahayana Buddhism, Wolfson articulates Schneerson's rich theology and profound philosophy, concentrating on the nature of apophatic embodiment, semiotic materiality, hypernomian transvaluation, nondifferentiated alterity, and atemporal temporality.
Everyone is challenged by Satan and his demons. The first task in engaging an enemy is to learn about him and his tactics. Unfortunately this hasn’t been done well enough for people to recognize the voice inside their brain trying to get them to make bad decisions. Not recognizing thoughts put into your brain by Satan causes you to think they are your thoughts telling you how bad you are or giving you harmful solutions to your problems. Satan’s goal is to get humans to destroy themselves with vices or conflicts. While reading this book you may find ideas different from what you normally hear from religious leaders. The information in this book is the result of many years of experience working with God, winning and losing battles with Satan, countless hours of study of the Bible and the determination to place truth above opinion, tradition or status. When traditions force sincere ministers to choose between tradition and truth, Satan has a solution. Change what God says to an opinion of what God means. He used this strategy on Eve and every dupable person since then. Once a person learns to do this he can peacefully co-exist with truth and error. Church members taught things inconsistent with the words of God for many years are not easily persuaded they are opposing God. This is the problem Jesus faced when he tried to correct the theology of the Jewish leaders. What Jesus told the Jewish leaders was not new, it had always been in their Scriptures. The contents of this book are not new they have always been in the Bible. Opinion, tradition and political correctness have neutered the church and made it impotent. This book is an attempt to reveal Satan, his tactics and the people who work for him. This information may keep you from being his next meal because, as Peter said, he is walking about looking for someone to devour.