Water, the Defining Crisis of the Twenty-first Century
Author: Fred Pearce
Publisher: Beacon Press
Traveling to more than thirty countries to define the scientific, economic, and historical dimensions of the water crisis, offers a solution based on managing the water cycle for the maximum social good, rather than pure self-interest.
The 21st century will present unprecedented challenges. Already in its first decade we have seen the dramatic impact of two systemic risks, that of climate change and that of the financial crisis. The cause but also the solution to these crises lies in a deeper understanding of the underlying factors and int- dependencies. New ways must be found to overcome deep obstacles and find common solutions to seemingly intractable problems. The water crisis in the Middle East is a central challenge of the 21st century. The future of the people of the region depends on finding lasting solutions. Due to the exhaustion and pollution of available sources, compounded by climate change, demographic change and economic development, the pressures of water resource management will grow. New solutions must urgently be found as business as usual is not sustainable. This book provides vital new insights into possible elements of a sustainable future in one key area, that of the Jordan River and Dead Sea Basin. The future development of the Jordanian, Palestinian and Israeli people depends on finding a just and sustainable system of water resource management in this Basin. Given the potential for regional and other conflicts arising out of tensions over water, the ramifications are wider and even global in significance. This volume provides fresh regional and international perspectives which greatly assist in our understanding of the issues and their possible resolution.
Scientific Essay from the year 2009 in the subject Politics - International Politics - Environmental Policy, grade: 25 von 40 Punkten, The University of Sydney (Center for International Security Studies), course: CISS6008: Population and Security, language: English, abstract: Water is the base of all human existence. First of all for drinking, food production and hygiene, but also for all other developments of contemporaries’ human society. The United Nations has estimated world population would grow from 6 to 9,3 billion between 50 years and beside this “people are getting wealthier” . Thus can be no doubt of a rising global demand for freshwater, but climate change and other environmental factors will lead to short run of water in certain regions. In consequence water can be predicted to become a security issue and a reason for conflict, as it even may be today in some regions. Only 2,5% of all water on the earth is freshwater. 70% of this freshwater is frozen at North and South Pole, 29% are bonded not accessible for mankind as “soil moisture” and in “underground aquifers” . About 1% (0,007% of all water) is useable for mankind, but “water is renewable resource” . This numbers underline the importance of the question, if it is possible supplying all humans with enough water or if water may lead to conflict. Chapter 2 will discuss the questions of waters potential as a reason for dispute, conflict or peaceful development. Dispute is to understand as a political issue while conflict could further mean use of other elements than political including force. Connected to this Chapter 3 will analyse how water disputes and fertility, mortality and migration relate to each other. This is important because developments of the last three factors are highly dependent on fresh water accessibility. As examples for today’s water disputes two case studies on Israel/Jordan/Syria/Lebanon and Turkey/Syria/Iraq will be made. Even if such an answer is difficult to make, chapter 5 will try to answer the main question if water will become a major security problem in the 21st century and if water disputes will lead to conflicts. In context of population growth and climate change this will be an important topic for 21st centuries politics. The terms `conflict ́ or `major conflict ́ do necessarily contain war or violence. Water disputes could possibly lead to violent conflict, but when the term `conflict ́ is used here it means conflict in general and not specifically war or violence.
The State, Military Power and the International System
Author: Paul Hirst
Publisher: John Wiley & Sons
Category: Political Science
Future developments in war, armed conflict and international relations are central to our collective fate in this century. This book considers the forces that will drive changes in international relations and military organisation.
Selected Proceedings of the 11th Stockholm Water Symposium "Water Security for the 21st Century - Building Bridges Through Dialogue", held in Stockholm, Sweden, 13-16 August 2001. The 11th Stockholm Water Symposium had the theme "Water Security for the 21st Century - Building Bridges Through Dialogue". The aim was to actively contribute in building bridges between different groups involved in societal planning and in economic decision making on the one hand, and between the experts involved in water resources development and management, in food and industrial production and in protection of ecological services, on the other hand. The overarching goal was to contribute to facilitation of a sustainable development by linking water visions to economic, political and ecological visions. How to influence globalization and other remote driving forces were crucial perspectives under discussion. The Symposium introduced a new workshop format allocating ample time for the building of bridges through dialogue. Only a limited number of oral presentations were given and more than half of the time was used for dialogue and discussion. The dialogues were conducted by moderators and the discussions were summed up by Chairmen and Rapporteurs. The future-oriented, multi-disciplinary Stockholm Water Symposia are convened annually by the Stockholm International Water Institute (SIWI), a scientific, technical and awareness-building organization that contributes to international efforts to combat the escalating global water crisis. SIWI facilitates research, raises understanding and stimulates action on world water issues.
One of the main problems confronting the world of the 21st Century is a shortage of water. There is already severe scarcity in many regions of the world, causing tremendous problems for local populations and indeed entire societies. There is insufficient water available for the production of food to alleviate poverty and starvation; the lack of water hampers industrial, urban and tourism development, forcing restrictions on other sectors, especially agriculture; health problems arise as the deterioration of ground and surface waters favours water-borne diseases, which flourish in the absence of decent water distribution and sewerage systems. Water conflicts still arise in areas under stress, while water for nature has become a vanishing priority in such zones. This book is a guide to the establishment of regional and/or local guidelines for developing and implementing new ideas for coping with water scarcity. The basic premise underlying the book is that water scarcity will persist, so personal, human and society-wide skills will be needed to cope with it while living in harmony with the necessary environmental constraints. The book provides basic information to assist decision makers, water managers, engineers, agronomists, social scientists and other professions (and their students) in formulating coherent, hopefully harmonious and consolidated views on the issue. Guidelines are also given for introducing the general public to the concept of water scarcity and how to deal with it.
Proceedings of the Seminar on Challenges of the New Water Policies for the 21st Century, Valencia, 29-31 October 2002
Author: Enrique Cabrera
Publisher: CRC Press
The concept of sustainable development appeared almost twenty years ago, adapting traditional policies to new circumstances, and promoting progress capable of satisfying the necessities of both present and future generations. It is widely believed that the need for a proper and sustainable management of water will be a problem which will confront society in the 21st century. In this publication, the main political aspects are successively developed, including the EU Water Framework Directive, the globalization and privatization of fresh water and the case of the new Australian structure for water regulation. The second part of the book is devoted to more practical aspects: from the real effects of climate change, to the various implications of water sustainability on agriculture and cities, devoting particular attention to the experience of the Environment Agency in UK. Finally, the last chapter delves into the economic aspects of the different approaches, and the points to take into account when they are to be translated to the final water tariff.
Hearing Before the Subcommittee on Water Resources and Environment of the Committee on Transportation and Infrastructure, House of Representatives, One Hundred Eigth [sic] Congress, First Session, May 22 and June 4, 2003
With a Foreword by Lourdes Arizpe Schlosser and a Preface by Hans Günter Brauch
Author: Úrsula Oswald Spring
Publisher: Springer Nature
Earth at Risk in the 21st Century offers critical interdisciplinary reflections on peace, security, gender relations, migration and the environment, all of which are threatened by climate change, with women and children affected most. Deep-rooted gender discrimination is also a result of the destructive exploitation of natural resources and the pollution of soils, water, biota and air. In the Anthropocene, the management of human society and global resources has become unsustainable and has created multiple conflicts by increasing survival threats primarily for poor people in the Global South. Alternative approaches to peace and security, focusing from bottom-up on an engendered peace with sustainability, may help society and the environment to be managed in the highly fragile natural conditions of a ‘hothouse Earth’. Thus, the book explores systemic alternatives based on indigenous wisdom, gift economy and the economy of solidarity, in which an alternative cosmovision fosters mutual care between humankind and nature. • Special analysis of risks to the survival of humankind in the 21st century. • Interdisciplinary studies on peace, security, gender and environment related to global environmental and climate change. • Critical reflections on gender relations, peace, security, migration and the environment • Systematic analysis of food, water, health, energy security and its nexus. • Alternative proposals from the Global South with indigenous wisdom for saving Mother Earth.
What is the one thing that no one can do without? Water. Where water crosses boundaries – be they economic, legal, political or cultural – the stage is set for disputes between different users trying to safeguard access to a vital resource, while protecting the natural environment. Without strategies to anticipate, address, and mediate between competing users, intractable water conflicts are likely to become more frequent, more intense, and more disruptive around the world. In this book, Delli Priscoli and Wolf investigate the dynamics of water conflict and conflict resolution, from the local to the international. They explore the inexorable links between three facets of conflict management and transformation: Alternative Dispute Resolution (ADR), public participation, and institutional capacity. This practical guide will be invaluable to water management professionals, as well as to researchers and students in engineering, economics, geography, geology, and political science who are involved in any aspects of water management.
Nature-Based Solutions and Water Security: An Action Agenda for the 21st Century presents an action agenda for natural infrastructure on topics of standards and principles, technical evaluation and design tools, capacity building and innovative finance. Chapters introduce the topic and concepts of natural infrastructure, or nature-based solutions (NBS) and water security, with important background on the urgency of the global water crisis and the role that NBS can, and should play, in addressing this crisis. Sections also present the community of practice’s collective thinking on a prioritized action agenda to guide more rapid progress in mainstreaming NBS. With contributions from global authors, including key individuals and organizations active in developing NBS solutions, users will also find important conclusions and recommendations, thus presenting a collaboratively developed, consensus roadmap to scaling NBS. Covers all issues of water security and natural infrastructures Presents a comprehensive state of synthesis, providing readers with a solid grounding in the field of natural infrastructures and water security Includes a fully workable and intuitive roadmap for action that is presented as a guide to the most important actions for practitioners, research questions for academics, and information on promising careers for students entering the field
Managing Water Resource Disputes Within and Between Countries of the Region
Author: T. A. Siddiqi
"The present volume incorporates slightly shortened versions of the two [WASSA] Reports dealing with water conflicts 'within' and 'between' countries. Section I deals with conflicts 'within' countries arising from the sharing of river waters, and identifies some approaches to addressing these issues. Section II addresses river water conflicts 'between' countries, and ways in which these can be reduced."--Preface p. iii.