Using Reflection and Metacognition to Improve Student Learning

Across the Disciplines, Across the Academy

Author: Matthew Kaplan

Publisher: Stylus Publishing, LLC.


Category: Education

Page: 232

View: 789

Research has identified the importance of helping students develop the ability to monitor their own comprehension and to make their thinking processes explicit, and indeed demonstrates that metacognitive teaching strategies greatly improve student engagement with course material. This book -- by presenting principles that teachers in higher education can put into practice in their own classrooms -- explains how to lay the ground for this engagement, and help students become self-regulated learners actively employing metacognitive and reflective strategies in their education. Key elements include embedding metacognitive instruction in the content matter; being explicit about the usefulness of metacognitive activities to provide the incentive for students to commit to the extra effort; as well as following through consistently. Recognizing that few teachers have a deep understanding of metacognition and how it functions, and still fewer have developed methods for integrating it into their curriculum, this book offers a hands-on, user-friendly guide for implementing metacognitive and reflective pedagogy in a range of disciplines. Offering seven practitioner examples from the sciences, technology, engineering and mathematics (STEM) fields, the social sciences and the humanities, along with sample syllabi, course materials, and student examples, this volume offers a range of strategies for incorporating these pedagogical approaches in college classrooms, as well as theoretical rationales for the strategies presented. By providing successful models from courses in a broad spectrum of disciplines, the editors and contributors reassure readers that they need not reinvent the wheel or fear the unknown, but can instead adapt tested interventions that aid learning and have been shown to improve both instructor and student satisfaction and engagement.

Teaching Naked Techniques

A Practical Guide to Designing Better Classes

Author: José Antonio Bowen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Education

Page: 272

View: 181

Put Teaching Naked to work in your classroom with clear examples and step-by-step guidance Teaching Naked Techniques (TNT) is a practical guide of proven quick ideas for improving classes and essential information for designing anything from one lesson or a group of lessons to an entire course. TNT is both a design guide and a 'sourcebook' of ideas: a great companion to the award-winning Teaching Naked book. Teaching Naked Techniques helps higher education faculty design more effective and engaging classrooms. The book focuses on each step of class preparation from the entry point and first encounter with content to the classroom 'surprise.' There is a chapter on each step in the cycle with an abundance of discipline-specific examples, plus the latest research on cognition and technology, quick lists of ideas, and additional resources. By rethinking the how, when, and why of technology, faculty are able to create exponentially more opportunities for practical student engagement. Student-centered, activity-driven, and proven again and again, these techniques can revolutionize your classroom. Create more effective, engaging lessons for higher education Utilize technology outside of the classroom to better engage during class time Examine discipline-specific examples of Teaching Naked Techniques Prepare for each class step by step from the student's perspective Teaching Naked flips the classroom by placing the student's first contact with the material outside of class. This places the burden of learning on the learner, ensures student preparation, and frees up class time for active engagement with the material for more effective learning and retention. Teaching Naked Techniques is the practical guide for bringing better learning to your classroom.

Teaching STEM to First Generation College Students

A Guidebook for Faculty & Future Faculty

Author: Gail Horowitz

Publisher: IAP


Category: Education

Page: 141

View: 651

Do you ever feel like more and more of your students come to your classroom not knowing how to study or what to do in order to be successful in your class? Some students come to college knowing the ropes, knowing what it takes to be successful as STEM students. But many do not. Research shows that students who are the first-generation in their family to attend or complete college are likely to arrive at your classroom not knowing what it takes to be successful. And data shows that more first-generation students are likely to be arriving on your doorstep in the near future. What can you do to help these students be successful? This book can provide you with some research based methods that are quick, easy, and effortless. These are steps that you can take to help first-generation college students succeed without having to change the way you teach. Why put in this effort in the first place? The payoff is truly worth it. First-generation college students are frequently low-income students and from ethnic groups underrepresented in STEM. With a little effort, you can enhance the retention of underrepresented groups in your discipline, at your institution and play a role in national efforts to enhance diversity in STEM. "This book provides an excellent description of dealing with immigrant and first generation college STEM students whose socioeconomic backgrounds often hinder them from reaching their full potential. The text touches on various aspects of student, faculty and mentor interaction that will lead to the exploitation of the student natural talents and provide life changing outcomes." ~ Paris Svoronos, Ph.D. Queensborough Community College of CUNY "Gail Horowitz’s new book Teaching STEM to First Generation College Students is a timely and important resource to improve the success of college students who come from families with little or no experience in the US higher education system. “First-gens” are a growing population whose academic success is important to both the institutions they attend and our nation’s economy. Dr. Horowitz, an experienced chemistry educator, describes in detail the challenges first-gens face in historically difficult STEM classes. In doing so, she is honest but also optimistic. First-gens encounter difficulty not merely with the technical subject matter they may have been poorly prepared for in high school, but also with their own wrong-headed beliefs about how to study and where to find help on campus. At the same time, Horowitz is also highly respectful of the strengths that many first-gens bring to college, strengths often under the radar of instructors who may only see inexplicable behaviors they attribute to first-gens being clueless, unmotivated, or irresponsible. Horowitz provides an excellent review of constructs from psychology about students’ and teachers’ beliefs about academic success and failure, demonstrating that first gens are too often tripped by self-defeating and often incorrect beliefs about their legitimacy as college students and what it takes to pass difficult STEM courses. These, she explains, fuel first-gen students’ fear about revealing their ignorance and illegitimacy as college students. With clear-eyed and experienced-based optimism about techniques that help first-gens succeed, she then gives excellent, specific suggestions for faculty, graduate teaching assistants, and the students themselves to help first-gens learn to “do” STEM courses and college successfully. This is an important and highly-recommended book, a gift of honesty and hope, by an experienced STEM instructor who clearly cares deeply about first-gen students and their college experience." ~ Dr. Louise Hainline CUNY - Brooklyn College Director, Center for Achievement in Science Education (CASE) Director of NYS Collegiate Science and Technology Entry Program (CSTEP) Director of NIH Minority Access to Research Careers (MARC) Director, NSF Improving Undergraduate STEM Education (IUSE) Peer-Assisted Team Research program Director, Brooklyn College subcontract, NSF Institutional Research and Academic Career Development Awards (IRACDA) to SUNY Stony Brook "As the college population becomes more diverse, STEM instructors have a responsibility to cultivate the success of all students. In this important and engaging book, Gail Horowitz provides a valuable resource for understanding the educational experiences of first-generation students and why they often struggle in STEM courses. The author persuasively conveys two important insights. First, that first-generation students can achieve success in STEM courses by becoming self-regulated learners. Second, that college faculty and graduate instructors can easily introduce effective learning strategies into their courses. These arguments are supported by extensive references to the research literature, which provide a wealth of additional resources. Just as important, however, is the deep humanity that the author brings to her subject—a sincere belief that our classrooms and colleges are made better by the aspirations, resilience, and experiences of first-generation students." ~ Dr. Trace Jordan New York University "G. Horowitz’s book should be required reading for both teachers and students. It provides valuable insights into the behaviors and coping mechanisms of not only many first-generation college students, but also continuing generation students who struggle with STEM coursework. Recognizing these behaviors and mindsets is the first step towards becoming a better educator." ~ Leda Lee, M.S. Brooklyn College

A Rhetoric of Reflection

Author: Kathleen Yancey

Publisher: University Press of Colorado


Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 338

View: 330

Reflection in writing studies is now entering a third generation. Dating from the 1970s, the first generation of reflection focused on identifying and describing internal cognitive processes assumed to be part of composing. The second generation, operating in both classroom and assessment scenes in the 1990s, developed mechanisms for externalizing reflection, making it visible and thus explicitly available to help writers. Now, a third generation of work in reflection is emerging. As mapped by the contributors to A Rhetoric of Reflection, this iteration of research and practice is taking up new questions in new sites of activity and with new theories. It comprises attention to transfer of writing knowledge and practice, teaching and assessment, portfolios, linguistic and cultural difference, and various media, including print and digital. It conceptualizes conversation as a primary reflective medium, both inside and outside the classroom and for individuals and collectives, and articulates the role that different genres play in hosting reflection. Perhaps most important in the work of this third generation is the identification and increasing appreciation of the epistemic value of reflection, of its ability to help make new meanings, and of its rhetorical power—for both scholars and students. Contributors: Anne Beaufort, Kara Taczak, Liane Robertson, Michael Neal, Heather Ostman, Cathy Leaker, Bruce Horner, Asao B. Inoue, Tyler Richmond, J. Elizabeth Clark, Naomi Silver, Christina Russell McDonald, Pamela Flash, Kevin Roozen, Jeff Sommers, Doug Hesse

The Skillful Teacher

On Technique, Trust, and Responsiveness in the Classroom

Author: Stephen D. Brookfield

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Education

Page: 336

View: 932

Energize your classrooms with these key techniques for collegeteaching Students say the best teachers get them excited about learning,stretch their thinking, and keep them actively involved in class.But with increasingly diverse classrooms and constantly changingtechnology, each semester throws up new challenges for engagingstudents. Discover how to keep your teaching, and your students, energizedwith The Skillful Teacher, a practical guide to effectivetechniques, approaches, and methods for today's college classrooms.Providing insights, reflections, and advice from his four decadesof college teaching, Stephen Brookfield now adapts his successfulmethods to teaching online, working with diverse studentpopulations, and making classrooms truly inclusive. As well asbeing completely revised, updated, and rewritten, this edition addssix brand new chapters on: Teaching critical thinking Using play and creativity in the classroom Teaching in teams Helping students take responsibility for learning Teaching about racism Exercising teacher power responsibly Readers will delve into what learning feels like from astudent's perspective, as well as absorb the wisdom of veterancollege faculty with whom the author has worked. Themes from thebestselling previous editions remain, but are revisited andexpanded with the perspective of an additional decade in theclassroom. This authoritative guide is now even more comprehensiveto better serve teachers looking to improve. Whether you are new tothe classroom or are looking to rise to new challenges, TheSkillful Teacher will provide answers, expand your repertoireof techniques, and invigorate your teaching and yourclassrooms.

Improving Student Learning

Using Research to Improve Student Learning

Author: Graham Gibbs



Category: Education, Higher

Page: 355

View: 453

Metacognition and Successful Learning Strategies in Higher Education

Author: Railean, Elena

Publisher: IGI Global


Category: Education

Page: 282

View: 389

Metacognition plays an important role in numerous aspects of higher educational learning strategies. When properly integrated in the educational system, schools are better equipped to build more efficient and successful learning strategies for students in higher education. Metacognition and Successful Learning Strategies in Higher Education is a detailed resource of scholarly perspectives that discusses current trends in learning assessments. Featuring extensive coverage on topics such as spiritual intelligence strategies, literacy development, and ubiquitous learning, this is an ideal reference source for academicians, graduate students, practitioners, and researchers who want to improve their learning strategies using metacognition studies.

Teaching High School Science Through Inquiry

A Case Study Approach

Author: Douglas Llewellyn

Publisher: Corwin Press


Category: Education

Page: 210

View: 577

Acknowledging the importance of national standards, offers case studies, tips, and tools to encourage student curiosity and improve achievement in science.

Beyond Knowledge: The Legacy of Competence

Meaningful Computer-based Learning Environments

Author: Jörg Zumbach

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Education

Page: 310

View: 358

The edited and peer reviewed volume presents selected papers of the conference “Beyond knowlegde: the legacy of competence” organized by EARLI SIG Learning and Instruction with Computers in cooperation with SIG Instructional Design. It reflects the current state-of-the-art work of scholars worldwide within the area of learning and instruction with computers. Mainly, areas of computer-based learning environments supporting competence-focused knowledge acquisition but also foundational scientific work are addressed. More specific, contents cover cognitive processes in hypermedia and multimedia learning, social issues in computer-supported collaborative learning, motivation and emotion in Blended Learning and e-Learning.

Research-Based Strategies to Ignite Student Learning: Insights from a Neurologist and Classroom Teacher

Insights from a Neurologist and Classroom Teacher

Author: Judith Willis

Publisher: ASCD


Category: Education

Page: 125

View: 191

Drawing on her neurology expertise and classroom experience, author Judy Willis examined decades of learning-centered brain research to determine what information was most valid and relevant for educators. The result is a comprehensive and accessible guide for improving student learning based on the best the research world has to offer. Willis takes a reader-friendly approach to neuroscience, describing how the brain processes, stores, and retrieves material and which instructional strategies help students learn most effectively and joyfully. You will discover how to captivate and hold the attention of your students and how to enhance their memory and test-taking success. You will learn how to know when students are ready for learning and when their brains need a rest. You will also learn how stress and emotion affect learning and how to improve student engagement. And you will find innovative techniques for designing assessments and adjusting teaching practices to ensure that all students reach their potential. No matter what grade or subject you teach, Research-Based Strategies to Ignite Student Learning will enrich your repertoire of teaching strategies so you can help students reach their full academic potential.