Unto This Last is an essay on economy by John Ruskin, critical of the 18th and 19th century capitalist economists. When first published as four magazine articles in 1860 they were, in the words of Ruskin himself, "very violently criticized" and the publisher was forced to halt publication. But Ruskin persevered and released the four articles in this book form in 1862. Gandhi read Unto This Last in 1904 and it had a huge impact on his social and economic philosophy, with Gandhi making an immediate decision to live according to Ruskin's teachings.
The greater part of the following treatise remains in the exact form in which it was read at Manchester; but the more familiar passages of it, which were trusted to extempore delivery, have been since written with greater explicitness and fullness than I could give them in speaking; and a considerable number of notes are added, to explain the points which could not be sufficiently considered in the time I had at my disposal in the lecture-room. Some apology may be thought due to the reader, for an endeavour to engage his attention on a subject of which no profound study seems compatible with the work in which I am usually employed. But profound study is not, in this case, necessary either to writer or reader, while accurate study, up to a certain point, is necessary for us all. Political economy means, in plain English, nothing more than "citizens' economy"; and its first principles ought, therefore, to be understood by all who mean to take the responsibility of citizens, as those of household economy by all who take the responsibility of householders.
Collects some of the works of John Ruskin, in which he argues against industrialization and reveals his strong belief that questions of science, economics, and art cannot be disconnected from questions of morality.
This exclusive search for physical and economic well-being prosecuted in disregard of morality is contrary to divine law, as some wise men in the West have shown. One of these was John Ruskin who contends in Unto This Last that men can be happy only if they obey the moral law.We in India are very much given nowadays to an imitation of the West. It is necessary to imitate the virtues of the West, but there is no doubt that Western standards are often bad, and every one will agree that we should shun all evil things.
Before the world collapsed three generations ago, people were downloading their minds into gravestones. Now that nothing exists of the previous world, these tombstones are mankind's only hope for survival.
This Book seeks to portray the agony of father of the nation, Mahatma Gandhi in the last night of his life when he remembered the role played by Congressmen in the partition of the country and decided to dissolve the Indian National Congress (in short ‘Congress’) as a political outfit and drafted a resolution for dissolution and reconstitution of the same as a non political organisation under the name and style of ‘Lok Sevak Sangh’ which would work for the welfare and development of seven hundred thousand villages of the country, although he could not succeed in his plan due to his assassination on the very next day i.e. in the afternoon of 30th January, 1948. This book also seeks to correlate the events relating to firm determination of Mahatma Gandhi to dissolve Congress, drafting of the resolution for dissolution of Congress by him in the last night of his life, his stay in Delhi for this purpose and his assassination