This book has been considered by academicians and scholars of great significance and value to literature. This forms a part of the knowledge base for future generations. So that the book is never forgotten we have represented this book in a print format as the same form as it was originally first published. Hence any marks or annotations seen are left intentionally to preserve its true nature.
This book recommends best practices for research in the lively and vibrant literature of the American Early Republic. Covering all formats, the volume discusses bibliographies, indexes, research guides, archives and special collections, microform and digital primary text resources, and how they are best exploited for a literary research project.
"Literary Research and the Anglo-Saxon and Medieval Eras: Strategies and Sources is a guide to scholarly research in the field of medieval English literature covering the period 450 CE to 1500 CE. The volume presents the best practices for building a foundation of sound scholarship practices in the field of medieval English literature"--
Excerpt from Transactions and Proceedings of Modern Language Association of America, 1886, Vol. 2 The opposition to the modern languages exhibited by the friends of classical learning and the impatient recoil of the friends of the newer culture against the classics have to a large extent proceeded from a failure to define clearly the purposes in view, and to show how differently in one or two respects the two groups of study stand related to training and culture. The overlooking of this difference has tended to confuse the issues and to sharpen the antagonism. With the spirit that accepts or rejects the old, because it is old, a company of scholars can have no sympathy. In estimating the value of the ancient or modern language in systems of education, we must inquire first what the methods of study are, then how the two groups of languages stand related to these methods as applied to one or the other of these groups. We concern ourselves this evening mainly with the modem. I. An important aim in studying a language may have reference to the practical use of the language in conversation. In days when Latin was the language of the church and the courts, and later the medium of conversation between learned men and diplomatists, a method of study tributary to fluency in speech had for that language some importance. But the increase in travel, the facility with which men of different nations visit one another, and the broader interest of scholars in common things and common men make some knowledge of foreign languages now a matter to many of advantage. Whereas three centuries ago the number studying modern languages for conversational use was relatively small, it has become essential in the leading countries of Europe, that at least two modern languages should be thoroughly studied in the schools with this practical use in view. - As far as our own country is concerned, we are three thousand miles from European culture; and England is the country which we as a rule first visit when traveling in the old world, England offering our own language and conferring in that language on all lovers of wisdom and culture a priceless literature and impressing, if I may say so, her language on the great cities of Europe. Certainly we are not forced by geographical position to this as the chief method of study of the new tongues, as are the French and Germans. Undoubtedly, however, this is the earlier and first idea with which foreign languages were studied. About the Publisher Forgotten Books publishes hundreds of thousands of rare and classic books. Find more at www.forgottenbooks.com This book is a reproduction of an important historical work. Forgotten Books uses state-of-the-art technology to digitally reconstruct the work, preserving the original format whilst repairing imperfections present in the aged copy. In rare cases, an imperfection in the original, such as a blemish or missing page, may be replicated in our edition. We do, however, repair the vast majority of imperfections successfully; any imperfections that remain are intentionally left to preserve the state of such historical works.
This history of one of the most contentious educational issues in America examines bilingual instruction in the United States from the common school era to the recent federal involvement in the 1960s and 1970s. Drawing from school reports, student narratives, legal resources, policy documents, and other primary sources, the work teases out the underlying agendas and patterns in bilingual schooling during much of America s history. The study demonstrates clearly how the broader context - the cultural, intellectual, religious, demographic, economic, and political forces - shaped the contours of dual-language instruction in America between the 1840s and 1960s. Ramsey s work fills a crucial void in the educational literature and addresses not only historians, linguists, and bilingual scholars, but also policymakers and practitioners in the field.
Literary Research and Irish Literature: Strategies & Sources explores primary and secondary research resources relevant to the study of Irish literary authors, works, genres, and history. Sources covered include general literary research guides; union library catalogs; print and online bibliographies; manuscripts and archives; microfilm and digitization projects; scholarly journals; periodicals, newspapers, and reviews; and electronic and Web resources. To ease comparison and evaluation of references, each chapter addresses how to choose and utilize research methods and tools to yield the most relevant information. This guide also examines the strengths and weaknesses of core and specialized electronic and print research tools and standard search techniques and_when appropriate_covers the historical and cultural contexts and usability issues of unique reference sources. This volume, number 5 in the series, raises trenchant issues in Irish literary scholarship, such as the problem of defining what Irish literature is; gaps in criticism and secondary literature devoted to Irish literature; neglected areas of scholarly inquiry, including Irish literature by women and lesser-known writers; and the rewards of interdisciplinary research. It concludes with a brief consideration of a scenario illustrating how a scholar might use strategies and sources covered in the text to solve a research problem.
Why is English synonymous with literature in the United States? Bonfiglio contextualizes the rising hegemony of English within the anti-labor, anti-immigration, xenophobic, mercantile, militarist, and technocratic ideologies that arose in the US in the first half of twentieth century.
This volume focuses on how far the policies, principles and practices of foreign language teaching and learning are, or can be, informed by theoretical considerations and empirical findings from the linguistic disciplines. Part I deals with the nature of foreign language learning in general, while Part II explores issues arising from linguistic, socio-political, cultural and cognitive perspectives. Part III and IV then consider the different factors that have to be taken into account in designing the foreign language subject and the various approaches to pedagogy that have been proposed. Part V finally addresses questions concerning assessment of learner proficiency and the evaluation of courses designed to promote it. Key features: provides a state-of-the-art description of different areas in the context of foreign language communication and learning presents a critical appraisal of the relevance of the field offers solutions to everyday language-related problems with contributions from renowned experts