The Toxicology of Fishes

Author: Richard T. Di Giulio

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1096

View: 120

When looking for a book on fish toxicology, you might find one that discusses the biochemical and molecular aspects, or one that focuses aquatic toxicology in general. You can find resources that cover human and animal toxicology or ecotoxicology in general, but no up-to-date, comprehensive monograph devoted to the effects of chemical pollution on these organisms has been widely available, until now. Filling this void, The Toxicology of Fishes, written by recognized experts, covers toxic responses ranging from reduced reproduction and/or abnormal development, growth, and differentiation. General Principles — Discusses fundamental topics such as the bioavailability of chemicals present in the aquatic environment to fishes, processes governing chemical distribution within these organisms, how fish metabolize organic chemicals, and fundamental mechanisms of chemical toxicity Key Target Systems and Organismal Effects — Describes key target organ systems for chemical impacts in fish, how chemicals produce cancer in these animals, and how fishes can develop resistance to chemical toxicity Methodologies and Applications — Dovers methods for the assessment of chemical effects on fish such as toxicity tests, biomarkers, simulated ecosystems, and modeling approaches and the use of data from such studies in ecological risk assessments Case Studies — Provides examples of how the principles and approaches presented in earlier units are actually deployed in studies Illustrated by case studies of actual, large-scale field investigations, the book reviews the tools used to assess unwanted effects in laboratory model- and wild fish in detail. With 238 illustrations, 70 tables, and 50 equations, this comprehensive monograph presents detailed information on the boiavailability of chemical pollutants, their distribution, metabolism, and excretion in the host fish and mechanisms and sites of toxic responses.

Adrenal in Toxicology

Target Organ and Modulator of Toxicity

Author: Philip W. Harvey

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 330

View: 459

The adrenal gland is vitally important to health and secretes hormones that control many bodily processes ranging from normal metabolism to the response to stressful circumstances. The corticosteroid hormones are the basis for anti-inflammatory medicines and are very widely prescribed. Changes in the function of the adrenal gland, either naturally through stress or disease, or through the action of drugs and chemicals, can have a major impact on the body.; This text focuses on adrenal toxicity, examining how drugs and chemicals can directly and indirectly affect this gland. Coverage includes: classification of the types of adrenal and endocrine toxicity; the mechanistic and molecular basis of toxicity; reasons why the adrenal is the most common target organ in the endocrine system; drug toxicity specific to patients with adrenal disorders; drug- corticosteroid interactions; adverse drug reactions; and how the adrenal gland is vital in tolerance to toxic insult.

Occupational Toxicology, Second Edition

Author: Chris Winder

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 624

View: 981

Hazardous agents are an ongoing concern in the modern workplace, with many examples of workers being severely affected by chemicals as a result of both acute and chronic exposure. Occupational Toxicology, 2nd Edition introduces the basics of toxicology that underpin the application of toxicological information to the workplace environment. The book contains chapters on the most important workplace exposures such as metals, pesticides, solvents, plastics, gases, and particulate matter, as well as the organs likely to be affected. The lungs and the skin are given individual consideration as common sites of injury and disease caused by exposure to chemicals. Genotoxicity and cancer are also singled out for particular attention due to ongoing concern about cancer-related effects of chemicals. Important fields interfacing with occupational toxicology - hygiene, epidemiology, and occupational medicine - are also covered to assist the reader in understanding the necessity of cross-discipline considerations in dealing with workplace exposures. This practical approach makes this book particularly valuable to students of toxicology as well as to occupational health and safety professionals at all levels.

Small-scale Freshwater Toxicity Investigations

Volume 1 - Toxicity Test Methods

Author: Christian Blaise

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 552

View: 540

This broad review is the first to gather comprehensive information on the complete contemporary range of toxicity testing procedures and hazard assessment procedures, which is normally scattered and difficult to find. The two-volume set provides a consistent, template-based approach, linking relevant information on background, theory and practice to each bioassay. Volume 1 covers small-scale toxicity test methods. Includes extensive glossary.

Veterinary Toxicology

Basic and Clinical Principles

Author: Ramesh C. Gupta

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 1224

View: 505

Veterinary Toxicology, 2nd edition is a unique single reference that teaches the basic principles of veterinary toxicology and builds upon these principles to offer an essential clinical resource for those practicing in the field. This reference book is thoroughly updated with new chapters and the latest coverage of topics that are essential to research veterinary toxicologists, students, professors, clinicians and environmentalists. Key areas include melamine and cyanuric acid, toxicogenomics, veterinary medical geology, toxic gases, toxicity and safety evaluation of new veterinary pharmaceuticals and much more. The 2nd edition of this popular book represents the collective wisdom of leading contributors worldwide and continues to fill an undeniable need in the literature relating to veterinary toxicology. New chapters covering important and timely topics such as melamine and cyanuric acid, toxicogenomics, toxic gases and veterinary medical geology Expanded look at international topics, such as epidemiology of animal poisonings, regulatory guidelines and poisonous plants in Europe Heavily contributed book with chapters written by qualified and well-experienced authorities across all areas of veterinary toxicology Problem solving strategies are offered for treatment as well as in-depth knowledge of the basic mechanisms of veterinary toxicology

Food Safety and Toxicity

Author: John De Vries

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 368

View: 688

Food Safety and Toxicity examines the many problems and changes in food safety and toxicity. From a natural science viewpoint, this informative book takes on challenging and important topics impacting food researchers, regulators, producers, healthcare providers, educators, and consumers. It is organized into three main sections. Section 1 explores the relationship between the origin or formation of potentially toxic compounds and their eventual ingestion. Section 2 picks up with information on the potential consequences of this ingestion, and Section 3 concludes with the discussion of prevention and minimization of health risks. By emphasizing food safety, rather than nutritional toxicology, this book puts food hazards and their health risks in true perspective. It also explores the complementary roles of toxicology and epidemiology in studying associations between nutrition and adverse health effects and in assessing toxicological risks from food components in a deliberate manner. Food Safety and Toxicity, with clear, non-technical language and valuable insight, brings you up-to-date on the significant food safety issues confronting us today.

Handbook on the Toxicology of Metals

Author: Monica Nordberg

Publisher: Elsevier

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 1024

View: 180

Handbook of the Toxicology of Metals is the standard reference work for physicians, toxicologists and engineers in the field of environmental and occupational health. This new edition is a comprehensive review of the effects on biological systems from metallic elements and their compounds. An entirely new structure and illustrations represent the vast array of advancements made since the last edition. Special emphasis has been placed on the toxic effects in humans with chapters on the diagnosis, treatment and prevention of metal poisoning. This up-to-date reference provides easy access to a broad range of basic toxicological data and also gives a general introduction to the toxicology of metallic compounds. * Covers up-to-date toxicological information on 31 metallic elements and their compounds, each in a separate chapter * New chapters on general chemistry, biological monitoring and biomarkers, essential metals, principles for prevention of the toxic effects of metals, and more

Toxicological Chemistry and Biochemistry, Third Edition

Author: Stanley E. Manahan

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 425

View: 925

This unique book bridges the gap between toxicology and chemistry at a level understandable by a wide spectrum of readers with various interests and a broad range of backgrounds in chemistry, biochemistry, and toxicology. The third edition has been thoroughly updated and expanded to reflect recent advances in important areas of research, including toxicogenetics and toxic effects on various body systems. Toxicological Chemistry and Biochemistry, Third Edition begins by outlining the basic concepts of general chemistry, organic chemistry, and biochemistry needed to understand the topics in the book. The author then presents an overview of environmental chemistry so that you can understand the remainder of the material covered within that framework. He also discusses biodegradation, bioaccumulation, and biochemical processes that occur in water and soil. The new chapter on toxic effects considers toxicities to the endocrine and reproductive systems, and the section on xenobiotics analysis deals with the determination of toxicants and their metabolites in blood and other biological materials. The chapter on the genetic aspects of toxicology discusses the ways in which chemical damage to DNA can cause mutations, cancer, and other toxic effects on specific body systems, and it considers the role of genetics in determining individual susceptibilities to various toxicants. Toxicological Chemistry and Biochemistry, Third Edition retains the basic information and structure that made the first two editions popular with students and industry professionals, while enhancing the usefulness of the book and modernizing it in important areas. Review questions and supplementary references at the end of each chapter round out the third edition of this bestselling work.

Occupational, Industrial, and Environmental Toxicology

Author: Michael I. Greenberg

Publisher: Elsevier Health Sciences

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 829

View: 609

This unique text's format makes it easy to diagnose and treat occupational toxicology patients, whether they know the substance of their exposure or not. Organized by occupation, industry, and environment, it covers what agents are plausible for exposure, systemic effects, and suggested treatments. Covers everything needed to understand, diagnose, treat and refer patients of toxic exposure.Provides a chemical agent cross-referencing system.Contains photographs from the Bettmann archives of historical photographs.Addition of new Associate Editor: Gayla McCluskey, CIH - President of the American Industrial Hygiene Association. Revises and updates all chapters with the latest information.Features 25 new chapters.Includes new contributors and new illustrations.