Theories of Vision from Al-kindi to Kepler

Author: David C. Lindberg

Publisher: University of Chicago Press


Category: Medical

Page: 324

View: 819

Kepler's successful solution to the problem of vision early in the seventeenth century was a theoretical triumph as significant as many of the more celebrated developments of the scientific revolution. Yet the full import of Kepler's arguments can be grasped only when they are viewed against the background of ancient, medieval, and Renaissance visual theory. David C. Lindberg provides this background, and in doing so he fills the gap in historical scholarship and constructs a model for tracing the development of scientific ideas. David C. Lindberg is professor and chairman of the department of the history of science at the University of Wisconsin, Madison.

The Copernican Question

Prognostication, Skepticism, and Celestial Order

Author: Robert Westman

Publisher: University of California Press


Category: History

Page: 704

View: 564

In 1543, Nicolaus Copernicus publicly defended his hypothesis that the earth is a planet and the sun a body resting near the center of a finite universe. But why did Copernicus make this bold proposal? And why did it matter? The Copernican Question reframes this pivotal moment in the history of science, centering the story on a conflict over the credibility of astrology that erupted in Italy just as Copernicus arrived in 1496. Copernicus engendered enormous resistance when he sought to protect astrology by reconstituting its astronomical foundations. Robert S. Westman shows that efforts to answer the astrological skeptics became a crucial unifying theme of the early modern scientific movement. His interpretation of this long sixteenth century, from the 1490s to the 1610s, offers a new framework for understanding the great transformations in natural philosophy in the century that followed.

Medieval Optics and Theories of Light in the Works of Dante

Author: Simon A. Gilson

Publisher: Edwin Mellen Press


Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 301

View: 188

This study investigates Dante's knowledge of several traditions of the extensive medieval literature on light and optics and examines how he assimilates and reworks related imagery, themes, and motifs in his writing.

Dante's Enigmas

Medieval Scholasticism and Beyond

Author: Richard Kay

Publisher: Routledge


Category: History

Page: 340

View: 246

Historical context frames Richard Kay's readings of some of the enigmas in Dante's Divine Comedy. These relate the poem to such standard sources as the Bible, Aristotle, Aquinas, and the Latin classics, but also go beyond these Scholastic sources to exploit Dante's use of less familiar aspects of Latin clerical culture, including physiognomy, Vitruvian proportions, and optics, and most especially astrology. Kay explores new ways to read the Comedy, investigating acrostics, parallelisms between cantos of Purgatorio and Paradiso, and aspects of the poem's finale in the Empyrean.

Imagination und Wirklichkeit

zum Verhältnis von mentalen und realen Bildern in der Kunst der frühen Neuzeit

Author: Klaus Krüger



Category: Art, European

Page: 194

View: 550

Chaucer's Measuring Eye

Author: Linda Tarte Holley



Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 189

View: 321

Holley (English, North Carolina State) examines Chaucer's narrative framing devices, suggesting that he conceived them in geometric rather than linear terms. Using numerous examples from Chaucer's works, she succeeds in relocating the critical discussion of his narrative strategies in terms of the perspectivists. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR

Roger Bacon's Philosophy of Nature

A Critical Edition, with English Translation, Introduction, and Notes, of De Multiplicatione Specierum and De Speculis Comburentibus

Author: Roger Bacon

Publisher: St Augustine PressInc


Category: Nature

Page: 420

View: 811