Utilitarianism

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: London : Parker, Son and Bourn

ISBN:

Category: Utilitarianism

Page: 95

View: 771

Utilitarianism: a Very Short Introduction

Author: Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 144

View: 172

In this Very Short Introduction Peter Singer and Katarzyna de Lazari-Radek provide an authoritative account of the nature of utilitarianism, from its nineteenth-century origins, to its justification and its varieties. Considering how utilitarians can respond to objections that are often regarded as devastating, they explore the utilitarian answer to the question of whether torture can ever be justified. They also discuss what it is that utilitarians should seek to maximize, paying special attention to the classical utilitarian view that only pleasure or happiness is of intrinsic value. Singer and de Lazari-Radek conclude by analysing the continuing importance of utilitarianism in the world, indicating how it is a force for new thinking on contemporary moral challenges like global poverty, the treatment of animals, climate change, reducing the risk of human extinction, end-of-life decisions for terminally-ill patients, and the shift towards assessing the success of government policies in terms of their impact on happiness.

Utilitarianism

A Contemporary Statement

Author: Robin Barrow

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 196

View: 257

In this book, first published in 1991, the author Dr Robin Barrow adopts the view that utilitarianism is the most coherent and persuasive ethical theory we have and argues in favour of a specific form of rule-utilitarianism. This book will be of interest to students of philosophy.

Utilitarianism and Beyond

Author: Amartya Sen

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 290

View: 675

Utilitarianism considered both as a theory of personal morality and a theory of public choice.

Utilitarianism

For and Against

Author: J. J. C. Smart

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 155

View: 291

Two essays on utilitarianism, written from opposite points of view, by J. J. C. Smart and Bernard Williams. In the first part of the book Professor Smart advocates a modern and sophisticated version of classical utilitarianism; he tries to formulate a consistent and persuasive elaboration of the doctrine that the rightness and wrongness of actions is determined solely by their consequences, and in particular their consequences for the sum total of human happiness. In Part II Bernard Williams offers a sustained and vigorous critique of utilitarian assumptions, arguments and ideals. He finds inadequate the theory of action implied by utilitarianism, and he argues that utilitarianism fails to engage at a serious level with the real problems of moral and political philosophy, and fails to make sense of notions such as integrity, or even human happiness itself. This book should be of interest to welfare economists, political scientists and decision-theorists.

Utilitarianism and Empire

Author: Bart Schultz

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 263

View: 875

The classical utilitarian legacy of Jeremy Bentham, J. S. Mill, James Mill, and Henry Sidgwick has often been charged with both theoretical and practical complicity in the growth of British imperialism and the emerging racialist discourse of the nineteenth century. But there has been little scholarly work devoted to bringing together the conflicting interpretive perspectives on this legacy and its complex evolution with respect to orientalism and imperialism. This volume, with contributions by leading scholars in the field, represents the first attempt to survey the full range of current scholarly controversy on how the classical utilitarians conceived of 'race' and the part it played in their ethical and political programs, particularly with respect to such issues as slavery and the governance of India. The book both advances our understanding of the history of utilitarianism and imperialism and promotes the scholarly debate, clarifying the major points at issue between those sympathetic to the utilitarian legacy and those critical of it.

Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War

Author: William H. Shaw

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 184

View: 580

This book offers a detailed utilitarian analysis of the ethical issues involved in war. Utilitarianism and the Ethics of War addresses the two basic ethical questions posed by war: when, if ever, are we morally justified in waging war, and if recourse to arms is warranted, how are we permitted to fight the wars we wage? In addition, it deals with the challenge that realism and relativism raise for the ethical discussion of war, and with the duties of military personnel and the moral challenges they can face. In tackling these matters, the book covers a wide range of topics—from pacifism to armed humanitarian intervention, from the right of national defense to pre-emptive or preventive war, from civilian immunity to the tenets of just war theory and the moral underpinnings of the rules of war. But, what is distinctive about this book is that it provides a consistent and thorough-going utilitarian or consequentialist treatment of the fundamental normative issues that war occasions. Although it goes against the tide of recent work in the field, a utilitarian approach to the ethics of war illuminates old questions in new ways by showing how a concern for well-being and the consequences of our actions and policies shape the moral constraints to which states and other actors must adhere. This book will be of much interest to students of the ethics of war, just war theory, moral philosophy, war and conflict studies and IR.

Utilitarianism

Author: John Stuart Mill

Publisher: Courier Corporation

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 64

View: 237

A landmark of moral philosophy and an ideal introduction to ethics, this famous work balances the claims of individuals and society, declaring that actions should produce the greatest happiness overall.

Utilitarianism

Restorations; Repairs; Renovations : Variations on Bentham's Master-idea, that Disputes about Social Policy Should be Settled by Statistical Evidence about the Comparative Consequences for Those Affected

Author: David Braybrooke

Publisher: University of Toronto Press

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 212

View: 640

Substituting comparative censuses for the hedonistic calculus that figures in standard utilitarianism, Braybrooke excludes gratuitous sacrifices also of happiness short of life-sacrifices.