A highly illustrated reference tool, this handbook providescomparative visual analysis of major urban extensions andmasterplans around the world. It places an important new emphasison the processes and structures that influence urban form,highlighting the significant impact that public or privatelandownership, management and funding might have on shaping aparticular project. Each of the book’s 20 subjects isrigorously analysed through original diagrams, scale drawings anddescriptive texts, which are complemented by key statistics andcolour photography. The case studies are presented in order of sizerather than date or geographical location. This offers designprofessionals, developers and city planners, as well as students ofarchitecture and urban design informed organisational and formalcomparisons, leading to intriguing insights. A wide geographical range of contemporary and historicmasterplans are featured. These encompass European projects fromthe 19th century to the present day: Belgravia in London,Sarphatipark in Amsterdam, Potsdamer Platz in Berlin, LaDéfense Seine Arche in Paris and Hammarby Sjöstad inStockholm. In North America, the postwar development of StuyvesantTown in Manhattan is also the subject of a case study. More recentand ongoing international urban schemes are included, such asPuerto Madero in Buenos Aires, Downtown Dubai and the New CentralBusiness District in Beijing.
Cities across the globe are looking to develop affordable, environmentally friendly, and socially responsible transportation solutions that can meet the accessibility needs of expanding metropolitan populations and support future economic and urban development. When appropriately planned and properly implemented as part of a larger public transportation network, urban rail systems can provide rapid mobility and vital access to city centers from surrounding districts. High-performing urban rail services, when carefully approached as development projects, can help enhance quality of life by giving citizens access to employment opportunities, essential services, urban amenities, and neighboring communities. The purpose of this Handbook is to synthesize and disseminate knowledge to inform the planning, implementation, and operations of urban rail projects with a view towards: -- Emphasizing the need for early studies and project planning; -- Making projects more sustainable (economically, socially, and environmentally); -- Improving socioeconomic returns and access to opportunities for users; -- Maximizing the value of private participation, where appropriate; and -- Building capacity within project implementing and managing institutions This Handbook provides experiential advice to tackle the technical, institutional, and financial challenges faced by decision makers considering urban rail projects. It brings together the expertise of World Bank staff and the input of numerous specialists to synthesize international 'good practices' and recommendations that are independent of commercial, financial political, or other interests. The material presented is intended as an honest-broker guide to maximize the impact and manage the challenges of urban rail systems in cities in both developed and developing countries. Rather than identify a single approach, this Handbook acknowledges the complexities and context necessary when approaching an urban rail development by helping to prepare decision makers to ask the right questions, consider the key issues, perform the necessary studies, apply adequate tools, and learn from international good practice all at the right time in the project development process.
This book examines the planning and implementation of policies to create sustainable neighborhoods, using as a case study the City of Sydney. The authors ask whether many past planning and development practices were appropriate to the ways that communities then functioned, and what lessons we have learned. The aim is to illustrate the many variations within a city and from neighborhood to neighborhood regarding renewal (rehabilitation), redevelopment (replacement) and new development. Case study examples of nine City of Sydney neighborhoods note the different histories of planning and development in each. Features of the studies include literature searches, field work (with photography), and analysis. The authors propose a set of sustainability principles which incorporate elements of the twenty seven principles of the 1992 Rio Declaration on Environment and Development Part One explores sustainable urban planning, and the importance of planning tools that enable best planning outcomes for communities and investors. Common factors in the nine case study neighborhoods are renewal, redevelopment and development pressures affecting Sydney from the 1970s to 2014. Also discussed are the differing circumstances of planning faced by authorities, developers and communities in each of the study areas. Part Two of the book is focused on the case study areas in City of Sydney East area: Woolloomooloo and Kings Cross. Part Three covers case study areas in Sydney's Inner South area: Chippendale, Redfern and Waterloo District. Part Four surveys the Inner West suburb of Erskineville. Part Five looks at the City West area, including the Haymarket District and the Pyrmont and Ultimo District. Part Six concentrates on the North West area suburb of Glebe. Part Seven of the book looks at the growth area of South Sydney District, which includes the suburbs of Beaconsfield, Zetland and the new localities of Victoria Park and Green Square. The authors recount lessons learned and outline directions of planning for sustainable neighborhoods. Finally, the authors challenge readers to apply the lessons of these case studies to further advances in sustainable urban planning.
Reflections on Architecture, Society and Politics brings together a series of thirteen interview-articles by Graham Cairns in collaboration with some of the most prominent polemic thinkers and critical practitioners from the fields of architecture and the social sciences, including Noam Chomsky, Peggy Deamer, Robert A.M. Stern, Daniel Libeskind and Kenneth Frampton. Each chapter explores the relationship between architecture and socio-political issues through discussion of architectural theories and projects, citing specific issues and themes that have led to, and will shape, the various aspects of the current and future built environment. Ranging from Chomsky’s examination of the US–Mexico border as the architecture of oppression to Robert A.M. Stern’s defence of projects for the Disney corporation and George W. Bush, this book places politics at the center of issues within contemporary architecture.
Europäische Landschaftsarchitektur Für Das 21. Jahrhundert
Author: Annette Becker
The rediscovery of the city that has been evident recently has by no means superseded the human desire for nature. On the contrary, the goal has been finding urban solutions that do justice to these growing needs and do so in ways that meet the requirements for design, ecology, sociology, and economy. This publication addresses the subject of designing inner-city spaces. It documents twenty recently realized examples in Europe, most of which feature greenery, designed by international landscape architects such as Gustafson Porter, Field Operations, Michel Desvigne, Gross.Max, Latz + Partner, and West 8. The projects, built between 2004 and 2010, range from private urban gardens by way of squares, streets, and promenades to large-scale projects such as the revitalization of riverside areas or master plans for the green spaces of entire cities. Urban greenery is an important contribution to ecological urban development. The projects documented offer examples of how this can succeed using the most modern materials and technologies.
Originally devised as a guide for converting from imperial to metric measurements, this resource has since been totally transformed into the major handbook of planning and design data for architects. This updated edition includes the most recent changes to regulation and practice.
Improvement of public lighting is an effective and also cost-efficient measure for the sustainable enhancement of inner cities. Many cities in Germany and Europe have now realised this and are investing in complete new urban lighting schemes, devised on the basis of lighting masterplans, to make them competitive with other cities or to revitalise their city centres. Even though this is a sweeping and lasting trend, there is as yet no typology of urban lighting. This book will set first standards, presented in a practical handbook. It contains technical and professional aspects and the authors' experience of successful communication with other consultants, authorities and investors, as well as information regarding feasibility and possible financing options. The book is structured accordingly, and fully illustrated in colour with photographs, plans and detail drawings.
Fully Updated Hydrology Principles, Methods, and Applications Thoroughly revised for the first time in 50 years, this industry-standard resource features chapter contributions from a “who’s who” of international hydrology experts. Compiled by a colleague of the late Dr. Chow, Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers scientific and engineering fundamentals and presents all-new methods, processes, and technologies. Complete details are provided for the full range of ecosystems and models. Advanced chapters look to the future of hydrology, including climate change impacts, extraterrestrial water, social hydrology, and water security. Chow’s Handbook of Applied Hydrology, Second Edition, covers: · The Fundamentals of Hydrology · Data Collection and Processing · Hydrology Methods · Hydrologic Processes and Modeling · Sediment and Pollutant Transport · Hydrometeorologic and Hydrologic Extremes · Systems Hydrology · Hydrology of Large River and Lake Basins · Applications and Design · The Future of Hydrology
This book explains the contemporary management processes and strategies employed by practising professionals during the running of construction projects. It takes its framework from the RIBA Plan of Work and the editors have successfully used this framework to evaluate the architect's role at each stage of the construction process. The book presents construction as an interactive activity where the best skills of designers, constructors, and facility managers are employed to maximise user delight and function, and enhance the overall quality of the built environment. The editors have integrated the best expertise drawn from the academic world and have commissioned authors from many countries. Academics and practitioners have been hamessed together to produce chapters on each step in the Plan of Work: these chapters contain the very best theoretical analysis provided by the academic partner with case illustrations supplied by the practitioner. This combination of theory and practice provides ideas and applications to all steps in the architect's role.