Fifty years ago, India went through a tragic event which has remained a deep scar in the country’s psyche: a border war with China. During the author’s archival peregrinations on the Himalayan border, he goes into some relatively little known issues, such as the checkered history of Tawang; the British India policy towards Tibet and even the possibility for India to militarily defend the Roof of the World. The author also looks into why the Government still keeps the Henderson Brooks Report under wraps and what were Mao’s motivations for ‘teaching India a lesson’. Throughout this series of essays, the thread remains the Tibet-India frontier in the North-East and the Indo-Chinese conflict. The more one digs into this question, the more one discovers that the entire issue is intimately linked with the history of modern Tibet; particularly the status of the Roof of the World as a de facto independent nation. British India had a Tibet Policy, Independent India, did not. This led to the unfortunate events of 1962.
Lonely Planet Tibet is your passport to the most relevant, up-to-date advice on what to see and skip, and what hidden discoveries await you. Hike around sacred Mt Kailash, join pilgrims at the Jokhang, Tibet's holiest sanctum, or view Mt Everest unobstructed from Rongphu Monastery; all with your trusted travel companion.
This fourteenth volume of India’s National Security Annual Review intensively analyses India’s national security with respect to the changing internal and external dynamics. In the global environment, the situation is characterised by rising tensions between United States and Russia, intensified rivalry between United States (US) and China, and increasing cooperation between China and Russia. For India which seeks peaceful growth to emerge as a major power, this poses severe diplomatic challenges. This volume discusses the complexity of these challenges and the deftness with which India gets the best out of its strategic partnerships with the US and Russia while warding off the transgressions of a mighty adversary like China. It also studies the impact of internal convulsions and external intrusions on India’s security from South Asian nations such as Afghanistan, Bangladesh, Nepal and Sri Lanka. Examining the field of internal security, the essays carry rare insights into the causes of expansion of Naxalite violence in tribal areas and the dynamics of conflict resolution in the Northeast, as well as India’s deep concern as a growing power with its economic slowdown in the recent past, and energy and cyber security. Bringing together contributions from eminent scholars and diplomats, the volume will be indispensable for policymakers, government think tanks, defence and strategic studies experts, as well as students and researchers of international relations, foreign policy and political science.
On 01 October 1949 when the PRC came into being, Tibet was an independent nation and had plainly rebutted the offer of the Chinese Communists to be liberated. It also asserted plainly that it was a self-governing political entity and had no intention, whatsoever, to be "Liberated." It had no inhibitions about Chinese intentions and understood what the Chinese meant by "liberation." Tibet, an unarmed theocratic nation was caught up in a dire situation with no solution in sight. Under desperation, it sought help from nations, that it mistakenly thought to be well disposed towards it. They had treated it as an independent nation in the past, albeit for self-aggrandizement. Then onwards Tibet was on a betrayal trail. Unfortunately, all the nations that had at one time in the past taken advantage of Tibet, failed to come forward to help. Instead, they unethically and blatantly put up a pretense as if they had nothing to do with Tibet. Amazingly, the weirdest reaction was from India that not only had diplomatic relation with it but also had a strategic stake in its continued existence as an independent nation. The UK that had signed an international treaty with it in 1914 and economically exploited it for decades explained its indifference by deviously passing on its liabilities arising out of the terms of the treaty to India. The US that emerged as a superpower after the Second World War and proclaimed itself to be champion of freedom, liberty, nonaggression, human rights etcetera and masterminded the formation of UN to ensure world peace and mutual-coexistence of nations, turned Nelson's eye when the question of Tibet came up. How the US lost a strategic advantage of setting up a military base in Tibet, both to contain the spread of Communism and the possibility of averting the Korean war, makes an overwhelming account. What is Tibet's future? As long as Tibetan spirit and nationalism survives there is no reason to give up its resurrection.
New Understandings of Tibetan Buddhism and Indian Religion
Author: Geoffrey Samuel
Publisher: Motilal Banarsidass Publ.
Tantric Revisionings presents stimulating new perspectives on Hindu and Budhist religion, particularly their Tantric versions, in India, Tibet or in modern Western societies. Geoffrey Samule adopts an historically and textually informed anthropoliogical approach, seeking to locate and undrstand religion in its social and cultural context. The question of the relation between `popular` (folk, domestic, village, monastic) religion and elite (Literary, textual, monastic) religion forms a recurring theme through these studies.