Covering the period 1550 - 1939, this book examines the history and development of theories of international pricing and trade. The work of the following economists is covered: Locke, Barbon, Vaderlint, Harris, Hume, Smith, Ricardo, Malthus, Bosanquet, Mill, Torrens, Marshall, Haberler, Austin, Stirling, Chevalier, Carines, Jevons, Leslie, Goschen, Bagehot, Wicksell, Sidgwick, Pigou, Viner, Heckscher, Ohlin, Keynes, Taussig, and Pareto. The volume includes an extensive Bibliography of each period discussed as well as comprehensive indices of subjects and names.
John Chipman is one of the most esteemed economists working in international trade theory. This major reference work, presented in two volumes, offers his principal work in an accessible form. Volume I presents Chipman's famous survey articles on the theory of international trade which are generally recognized to be an essential starting point for any serious study of the subject. The papers explore the evolution of thought from classical to new-classical and on to modern theory. The work remains pertinent and lively and will prove invaluable to anyone interested in international trade. The volume closes with two non-survey articles that expand upon ideas first discussed in the earlier works.This landmark book and its companion volume gather together truly seminal articles that are widely scattered through the literature, and will be an essential source of reference for both instructors and graduate students concerned with international trade theory.
Chi-Yuen Wu from China was an Austrian price theorist writing during Mises's own time. His great contribution was this 1939 treatise written while studying at the London School of Economics, under the guidance of Lionel Robbins. Though the author deals primarily with the history of thought, Murray Rothbard considered it to be a seminal contribution to the theory of price and international trade.
This book presents the lifelong and ongoing research of Lawrence H. Officer in a systematic way. The result is an authoritative treatment of such issues as market structure and economic efficiency where more than one characteristic of a commodity is priced, both in general and in application to shipping conferences; financing of the United Nations and International Monetary Fund; monetary history of the UK and US; and central-bank preferences between gold and dollars, The book first examines multidimensional pricing, defined as pricing when a commodity or service has several characteristics that are priced. The second part is concerned with country-group conflicts in the United Nations and International Monetary Fund. The book then takes a fresh look at historical experiences of monetary-standard upheavals and the final part considers a crucial time (1958-67), during which central-bank gold-dollar decisions were power-politically determined.
Developments of International Trade Theory offers the life-long reflections of a distinguished Japanese scholar who pioneered the application of general equilibrium theory to international trade. Written in a style that makes it easily accessible to scholars and students, the book combines standard topics on international trade with a discussion of the evolution of the theory and as well as recent discussions on topics such as immiserizing growth. This book consists of two parts. Part I examines the historical progression of international trade theory, and Part II addresses the modern theory and recent developments of international trade. In this way the book offers a comprehensive evaluation of the non-monetary problems of international economics. Taking advantage of the publication of this new edition, the author includes two new chapters, “Adam Smith and Disequilibrium Economic Theory” and “Complete Specialization in Classical Economics,” which readers will profit from reading after they have studied the basic theories of international trade in the main part of the book.
Any Survey Of International Economics Inevitably Reveals That All The Significant Developments In The Theory Have Been Directly Prompted By The Needs Of Practical Policy. Consider As Quick Illustrations The Nationalistic Fervour Of The Mercantilists, Friedrich List And Everyday Policy-Makers All Over The World, The Liberal Free-Trade Concerns Of David Hume, Adam Smith, David Ricardo And John Stuart Mill, The Fears Of Imperialist Exploitation In The Works Of V.I. Lenin, Rosa Luxembourg, Dadabhai Nowrosjee And Centreperiphery Theorists, The Need For International Co-Operation To Suppress The Relapse Of Parochial Nationalism In The Works Of J.M. Keynes, E.M. Berstein, Harry Dexter White, Folk Hilgerdt And Gunnar Myrdal, The Effects Of Exchange Rate Policy On Trade Balance In Alfred Marshall, Abba Lemer, Joan Robinson, Sidney Alexander And Several Others, The Consequences Of International Growth And Technical Changes For National Welfare In John Hicks, Harry Johnson, Jagdish Bhagwati, Raul Prebisch And A Generation Of Scholars. The Examples Can Be Multiplied.One Would Have Expected That A Theory Whose Main Developments Have Been Stimulated By Real-World Concerns, Would, Over The Course Of Decades And Centuries, Develop Into A Virulent Instrument For Understanding And Solving New Problems That Continually Arise In, Or On Account Of, International Changes. But Witness, Alas, How Pitiably The Theory Itself, In Its Strange Obsession Over 2X2X2 Models Compares With The Rapidly Changing Complexity Of Multilateral Trade. This Is Not To Say That No Work Has Been Done To Fill Up The Backlog. Frank D. Graham, Lionel Mckenzie, Ronald Jones, Jacob Mosak, Paul Samuelson, Lloyd Metzler, John Chipman And Others Have Made Important Contributions Here. There Is, Besides, Considerable Empirical Work And The Compilation Of A Truly Astounding Data Base On Multicountry Transactions By The International Institutions. It Is Then All The More Unfortunate That The Conceptual Work Which Can Have An Interpretative Bearing On This Database Should All But Remain In Theunderworld Of Footnotes.The Lag Of Theory Behind Reality Is Perhaps More Glaring In This As Compared To Other Branches Of Economics. Every Effort To Bridge It Is Not Just Welcome, It Is Urgent. The Future Of Global Understanding And Co-Operation May Lie In These Endeavours.The Theory Of International Values Is An Attempt Towards Closing This Gap. It Deals With Three Themes That Have Been Somewhat Neglected Or At Any Rate Are Unevenly Developed.Firstly It Attempts To Formulate A Theory Of Multicountry Multicommodity Trade. Secondly, It Allows Capital Goods To Be Traded Thus Integrating The Models Of Growth And Distribution With Models Of Trade. Thirdly, It Proposes A New Model Of Exchange Rate Determination Which Is Based On Market Clearing.The Book Should Be Of Considerable Interest To: * Economists Working In International Economics. * Econometricians Engaged In Multicountry Modelling. * Finance Specialists Engaged In Exchange Rate Forecasting And * Students Of International Economics And Finance.Although The Treatment Is Advanced The Contents Can Followed By Students Having``Subsistence Knowledge`` Of Simultaneous Equations. In Any Case All Mathematical Exercises Have Been Amply Illustrated By Constructive Numerical Examples.
Capital, Knowledge, Economic Structure, Money, and Prices over Time
Author: Wei-Bin Zhang
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Business & Economics
The development of international trade theory has created a wide array of different theories, concepts and results. Nevertheless, trade theory has been split between partial and conflicting representations of international e- nomic interactions. Diverse trade models have co-existed but not in a structured relationship with each other. Economic students are introduced to international economic interactions with severally incompatible theories in the same course. In order to overcome incoherence among multiple theories, we need a general theoretical framework in a unified manner to draw together all of the disparate branches of trade theory into a single - ganized system of knowledge. This book provides a powerful – but easy to operate - engine of analysis that sheds light not only on trade theory per se, but on many other dim- sions that interact with trade, including inequality, saving propensities, education, research policy, and knowledge. Building and analyzing various tractable and flexible models within a compact whole, the book helps the reader to visualize economic life as an endless succession of physical ca- tal accumulation, human capital accumulation, innovation wrought by competition, monopoly and government intervention. The book starts with the traditional static trade theories. Then, it develops dynamic models with capital and knowledge under perfect competition and/or monopolistic competition. The uniqueness of the book is about modeling trade dyn- ics.
Essay from the year 2007 in the subject Economics - International Economic Relations, grade: 1,3, University of Hull (Business School), course: International Economics, 14 entries in the bibliography, language: English, abstract: Does international trade generate benefits for a country? This question still causes controversion between economists, company leaders and policy makers all over the globe. Over two centuries ago the pioneer of classical economics, Adam Smith ex-pressed the following statement promoting trade between nations: “If a foreign country can supply us with a commodity cheaper than we ourselves can make it, better buy it of them with some part of the produce of our own industry employed in a way in which we have some advantage.” (Smith, 1776, p. 457). Today, among other trade theories, the widely known Ricardian model of comparative advantage between economies is used by economists to explain how trade affects the prosperity of nations. Ricardo (1817) suggested that countries specializing in the production of the commodities in which they have a comparative advantage, can achieve higher standards of consumption and living by trading these goods with other countries. Indeed, international trade has been rising steadily over the past decades. Propo-nents of Ricardo’s theory argue that trade can create industries and jobs, particularly in less developed nations, and increase the spectrum of economic opportunities, such as innovation and entrepreneurship. The aim of the paper is to give a brief glace at the theoretical framework and the importance of the Ricardian theory of international trade.
In a previous book The Theory of Value, Capital and Interest , the systemic theory of value was developed for a closed economy. Now the economy is opened and the same theory is applied to international trade. Both books are intended to provide an alternative theoretical paradigm.
John Chipman is one of the most esteemed economists working in international trade theory. Presented in two volumes, this work presents Chipman's survey articles on the theory of international trade. The papers explore the evolution of thought from classical to new-classical and on to modern theory.