A new reading that troubles and transgresses the normal with regard to biblical studies and our understandings of gender and sexuality Despite its lack of both historical and exegetical clarity, 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 has often been fundamental to understandings of gender and sexuality in many Christian traditions. In particular, a hierarchical model of gender and a heterosexual model of sexuality tend to dominate and are presented as “natural” and “God-ordained.” With the materialist lesbian theory of Monique Wittig providing the theoretical basis for discussion, this book intersects various biblical, theological, and queer lines of inquiry across 1 Corinthians 11:2-16 in order to reveal and challenge these models of gender and sexuality that lie behind both the text itself and its various interpretations. Features Reveals the complex relationship between effeminacy, masculinity and sexual relations in the first century Greco-Roman environment of the New Testament Explores the ideologies of sexuality that underlie much of the debate within evangelical circles Examines Karl Barth’s theology on the binary pairing of “man and woman” as asymmetrically related to each other and to God through the notion of the imago dei, revealing and challenging the ways in which this reflects androcentric and patriarchal ideologies
Monique Wittig was a leading French feminist, social theorist, prose poet, and novelist whose work was foundational to the development of lesbian and women's studies. This collection of essays on Wittig's work is the first sustained examination of her broad-ranging literary and theoretical works in English. A major feminist theorist on a par with Julia Kristeva, Helene Cixous, and Luce Irigaray, Wittig relocated to teach in the U.S. while maintaining an intellectual presence in Europe before her unexpected death in January 2003. On Monique Wittig includes twelve essays, including three previously unpublished pieces by Wittig herself. Their contents run the gamut of Wittig's corpus, from the political, to the theoretical, to the literary, while representing French, Francophone, and U.S. critics: Diane Griffin Crowder looks at the U.S. feminist movement, Linda Zerilli considers gender and will philosophically, and Teresa de Lauretis examines the development of lesbian theory. Together, these essays situate Wittig's work in terms of the cultural contexts of its production and reception. This is the first book to appear on Wittig following her death, and an indispensable tool for feminist scholars.
What are the implications of adopting a primacy of praxis position in feminist theology? How can we respect the diversity of women's experience while retaining it as a useful analytic category? Do these twin resources of women's experience and praxis together imply that feminist theology is ultimately relativist? Through an analysis of the work of some of today's key feminist theologians – Christian, womanist and post-Christian – Linda Hogan considers these and other methodological questions.
Bringing together key writings on art, film, architecture, popular culture, new media and other visual fields, this key reader combines classic texts by leading feminist thinkers with six previously unpublished polemical new pieces. It explores how issues of race, class, nationality and sexuality, enter into debates about feminism, and includes work by feminist critics, artists and activists. Articles are grouped into six thematic sections: * representation * difference * disciplines/strategies * mass culture/media interventions * the body * technology. A valuable reference for students of visual culture and gender studies, this is both a framework within which to understand the shifts in feminist thinking in visual studies and an overview of the most significant feminist theories in this area.
Linden sets the record straight about the construction of the human brain; rather than the “beautifully-engineered optimized device, the absolute pinnacle of design” portrayed in many dumbed-down text books, pop-science tomes, and education televisions programs, Linden’s organ is a complicated assembly of cobbled-together functionality that created the mind as a by-product of ad-hoc solutions to questions of survival. His guided tour of the glorious amalgam of “crummy parts” includes pit-stops in the histories and fundamentals of neurology, neural-psychology, physiology, molecular and cellular biology, and genetics.
Japanese Zen often implies that textual learning (gakumon) in Buddhism and personal experience (taiken) in Zen are separate, but the career and writings of the Chinese Tang dynasty Chan master Guifeng Zongmi (780-841) undermine this division. For the first time in English, Jeffrey Broughton presents an annotated translation of Zongmi's magnum opus, the Chan Prolegomenon, along with translations of his Chan Letter and Chan Notes. The Chan Prolegomenon persuasively argues that Chan "axiom realizations" are identical to the teachings embedded in canonical word and that one who transmits Chan must use the sutras and treatises as a standard. Japanese Rinzai Zen has, since the Edo period, marginalized the sutra-based Chan of the Chan Prolegomenon and its successor text, the Mind Mirror (Zongjinglu) of Yongming Yanshou (904-976). This book contains the first in-depth treatment in English of the neglected Mind Mirror, positioning it as a restatement of Zongmi's work for a Song dynasty audience. The ideas and models of the Chan Prolegomenon, often disseminated in East Asia through the conduit of the Mind Mirror, were highly influential in the Chan traditions of Song and Ming China, Korea from the late Koryo onward, and Kamakura-Muromachi Japan. In addition, Tangut-language translations of Zongmi's Chan Prolegomenon and Chan Letter constitute the very basis of the Chan tradition of the state of Xixia. As Broughton shows, the sutra-based Chan of Zongmi and Yanshou was much more normative in the East Asian world than previously believed, and readers who seek a deeper, more complete understanding of the Chan tradition will experience a surprising reorientation in this book.