Mathematical Programming The State of the Art

Bonn 1982

Author: A. Bachem

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Mathematics

Page: 658

View: 158

In the late forties, Mathematical Programming became a scientific discipline in its own right. Since then it has experienced a tremendous growth. Beginning with economic and military applications, it is now among the most important fields of applied mathematics with extensive use in engineering, natural sciences, economics, and biological sciences. The lively activity in this area is demonstrated by the fact that as early as 1949 the first "Symposium on Mathe matical Programming" took place in Chicago. Since then mathematical programmers from all over the world have gath ered at the intfrnational symposia of the Mathematical Programming Society roughly every three years to present their recent research, to exchange ideas with their colleagues and to learn about the latest developments in their own and related fields. In 1982, the XI. International Symposium on Mathematical Programming was held at the University of Bonn, W. Germany, from August 23 to 27. It was organized by the Institut fUr Okonometrie und Operations Re search of the University of Bonn in collaboration with the Sonderforschungs bereich 21 of the Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft. This volume constitutes part of the outgrowth of this symposium and docu ments its scientific activities. Part I of the book contains information about the symposium, welcoming addresses, lists of committees and sponsors and a brief review about the Ful kerson Prize and the Dantzig Prize which were awarded during the opening ceremony.

Multithreaded Computer Architecture: A Summary of the State of the ART

Author: Robert A. Iannucci

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Computers

Page: 400

View: 253

Multithreaded computer architecture has emerged as one of the most promising and exciting avenues for the exploitation of parallelism. This new field represents the confluence of several independent research directions which have united over a common set of issues and techniques. Multithreading draws on recent advances in dataflow, RISC, compiling for fine-grained parallel execution, and dynamic resource management. It offers the hope of dramatic performance increases through parallel execution for a broad spectrum of significant applications based on extensions to `traditional' approaches. Multithreaded Computer Architecture is divided into four parts, reflecting four major perspectives on the topic. Part I provides the reader with basic background information, definitions, and surveys of work which have in one way or another been pivotal in defining and shaping multithreading as an architectural discipline. Part II examines key elements of multithreading, highlighting the fundamental nature of latency and synchronization. This section presents clever techniques for hiding latency and supporting large synchronization name spaces. Part III looks at three major multithreaded systems, considering issues of machine organization and compilation strategy. Part IV concludes the volume with an analysis of multithreaded architectures, showcasing methodologies and actual measurements. Multithreaded Computer Architecture: A Summary of the State of the Art is an excellent reference source and may be used as a text for advanced courses on the subject.

The State of the Art of Electroencephalography and Its Role in Manned Space Flight

Author: J. F. Herrick



Category: Aviation medicine

Page: 20

View: 577

"The state-of-the-art of electroencephalography is in a condition of flux because of the recent technological advances in the methods for processing neuroelectric data. One major motivating influence for accelerating these recent advances is the increasing emphasis on manned space flight programs. How competent is man during orbital flight? The purpose of this report was to seek an answer to this question. Since competency is defined as functional adequacy, some clue to this adequacy may be found in monitoring the nervous system, particularly the electrical activity of the brain. A search for a possible answer to the above question was made, therefore, in the field of electroencephalography. Unfortunately, no electroencephalograms of our astronauts have been recorded during flight. This report contains the opinions of scientists recognized generally for their contributions to the field of neurophysiology and psychiatry, and is an attempt at answering the above question."--P. 1.

The State of the Art in Numerical Analysis

Proceedings of the Joint IMA/SIAM Conference on the State of the Art in Numerical Analysis Held at the University of Birmingham, 14-18 April 1986

Author: Conference on the State of the Art in Numerical Analysis (3, 1986, Birmingham)

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Science

Page: 746

View: 652

Very Good,No Highlights or Markup,all pages are intact.

Multiple Criteria Decision Analysis: State of the Art Surveys

Author: José Figueira

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 1045

View: 317

MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS: State of the Art Surveys is the most comprehensive work available to survey the state of the art in MCDA to date. Its 25 chapters are organized in eight parts and are written by 52 international leading experts. Each of these parts covers one of the central streams of multiple criteria decision analysis literature. These literature streams are: MCDA today, Foundations of MCDA, Our Ranking Methods, Multiattribute Utility Theory, Non-Classical MCDA Approaches, Multiobjective Mathematical Programming, Applications, and MCDM Software. The handbook presents the most up-to-date discussions on well-established methodologies and theories in the field, while systematically surveying emerging fields in MCDA such as conjoint measurement, fuzzy preferences, fuzzy integrals, rough sets, etc. MULTIPLE CRITERIA DECISION ANALYSIS: State of the Art Surveys is a valuable reference volume (more than 2000 references) for the field of decision analysis. It provides graduate students, researchers, and practitioners with a sweeping survey of MCDA theory, methodologies, and applications. It is a handbook that is particularly suitable for use in seminars in Decision Analysis, Decision Support, and Decision Theory.

Ore Genesis

The State of the Art

Author: G.C. Amstutz

Publisher: Springer


Category: Science

Page: 804

View: 594

Solid Phase Extraction: State of the Art and Future Perspectives

Author: Victoria Samanidou

Publisher: MDPI


Category: Science

Page: 176

View: 348

This book is a collection of 13 innovative papers describing the state of the art and the future perspectives in solid-phase extraction covering several analytical fields prior to the use of gas or liquid chromatographic analysis. New sorptive materials are presented including carbon nanohorn suprastructures on paper support, melamine sponge functionalized with urea–formaldehyde co-oligomers, chiral metal–organic frameworks, UiO-66-based metal–organic frameworks, and fabric phase sorptive media for various applications. Solid-phase extraction can be applied in several formats aside from the conventional cartridges or mini-column approach, e.g., online solid-phase extraction, dispersive solid-phase microextraction, and in-syringe micro-solid-phase extraction can be very helpful for analyte pre-concentration and sample clean-up. Polycyclic musks in aqueous samples, 8-Nitroguanine in DNA by chemical derivatization antibacterial diterpenes from the roots of salvia prattii, perfluoroalkyl substances (PFASs) in aater samples by bamboo charcoal-based SPE, parabens in environmental water samples, benzotriazoles as environmental pollutants, organochlorine pesticide residues in various fruit juices and water samples and synthetic peptide purification are among the applications cited in this collection. All these outstanding contributions highlight the necessity of this analytical step, present the advantages and disadvantages of each method and focus on the green analytical chemistry guidelines that have to be fulfilled in current analytical practices.

State of the Art of Small Water Treatment Systems

Author: United States. Environmental Protection Agency. Office of Water Supply



Category: Water treatment plants

Page: 324

View: 838

State-of-the-art in Ecological Modelling

Proceedings of the Conference on Ecological Modelling, Copenhagen, Denmark, 28 August-2 September 1978

Author: Sven Erik Jørgensen

Publisher: Pergamon


Category: Science

Page: 914

View: 957