The Populist Explosion

How the Great Recession Transformed American and European Politics

Author: John B. Judis



Category: Political Science

Page: 182

View: 684

""Far and away the most incisive examination of the central development in contemporary politics: the rise of populism on both the right and the left. Superb.""--Thomas Edsall, New York Times columnistWhat's happening in global politics? As if overnight, many Democrats revolted and passionately backed a socialist named Bernie Sanders; the United Kingdom voted to leave the European Union ; the vituperative billionaire Donald Trump became the presidential nominee of the Republican party; and a slew of rebellious parties continued to win elections in Switzerland, Norway, Italy, Austria, and Gre.

Political Satire, Postmodern Reality, and the Trump Presidency

Who Are We Laughing At?

Author: Mehnaaz Momen

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield


Category: Political Science

Page: 358

View: 213

This book is an in-depth analysis of the phenomenon of the takeover of politics by entertainment. The author looks for answers in the parallel evolution of satire, the media, and politics, and how each has influenced the other and the implications of this interconnectedness for political discourse.

Populism and Civil Society

Author: Mr.Tito Boeri

Publisher: International Monetary Fund


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 42

View: 526

Populists claim to be the only legitimate representative of the people. Does it mean that there is no space for civil society? The issue is important because since Tocqueville (1835), associations and civil society have been recognized as a key factor in a healthy liberal democracy. We ask two questions: 1) do individuals who are members of civil associations vote less for populist parties? 2)does membership in associations decrease when populist parties are in power? We answer thesequestions looking at the experiences of Europe, which has a rich civil society tradition, as well as of Latin America, which already has a long history of populists in power. The main findings are that individuals belonging to associations are less likely by 2.4 to 4.2 percent to vote for populist parties, which is large considering that the average vote share for populist parties is from 10 to 15 percent. The effect is strong particularly after the global financial crisis, with the important caveat that membership in trade unions has unclear effects.

Citizens and the Crisis

Experiences, Perceptions, and Responses to the Great Recession in Europe

Author: Marco Giugni

Publisher: Springer


Category: Political Science

Page: 304

View: 737

This volume presents evidence-based research on citizens’ experiences and reactions to the Great Recession in Europe. How did European citizen experience and react to the crisis? How are the experiences of crisis and political responses socially differentiated? Are some social classes and more deprived groups particularly hard hit? How did the crisis impact on political choices? What types of political action did citizens engage in and why? What were the drivers of populist attitudes and protest participation? This country-based book explores these important dynamics as expressed in diverse national contexts, namely France, Germany, Greece, Italy, Poland, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and UK. Each chapter focuses on one of these countries and employs data from the same survey fielded in 2015. This volume is of particular relevance for scholars, students, and practitioners interested in political sociology, comparative politics and European politics.

Navigating Post-Truth and Alternative Facts

Religion and Science as Political Theology

Author: Jennifer Baldwin

Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield


Category: Religion

Page: 198

View: 305

Navigating Post-Truth and Alternative Facts: Religion and Science as Political Theology is an edited volume that explores the critical intersection of religion, science, and politics. Contributors reflect on the role of interdisciplinary scholarship for the health of a society threatened by post-truth and alternative facts.

The End of Middle Class Politics?

Author: Sotiris Rizas

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing


Category: History

Page: 223

View: 678

The response of the middle classes to the financial crisis of 2008 is a central theme in the political systems of most developed, Western countries. This book approaches middle class politics from a historical perspective, looking at its progression since the early 1900s. The middle classes contributed significantly and in various ways to the evolution of mass politics in the West, with middle class intellectuals oriented to social and political reform, such as Leonard Hobhouse, Herbert Croly and Leon Bourgeois, influencing the setup of politics and the building of institutions in the early 20th century, and with lower-middle class disaffection fuelling protest politics in the 1890s and 1900s. The rise of Fascism in the interwar period owed much to the perception of liquidation permeating the middle classes in the 1920s and the 1930s as a result of post-World War I hardship and the Crash of 1929-31. Conversely, mass affluence during the “trente glorieuses” was the result of the post-World War II growth strategies adopted by conservatives and social democrats alike. The rise of Thatcherism led to the emergence of a more consumerist and market-oriented middle class that enjoyed a high living standard, but was subjected simultaneously to the turbulences of globalization and the fluctuations of the markets. Political realignments that are currently taking shape after the Crash of 2008 are related to the loss of status and purchasing power of the vast middle class formed during the postwar years. It is also of historical significance to compare various middle class responses in the 2010s to those to the Crash of the 1920s and 1930s. Although authoritarianism and Fascism were the ultimate outcomes of interwar politics, there were, and still are, viable democratic and socially inclusive alternatives.

The Nationalist Revival

Trade, Immigration, and the Revolt Against Globalization

Author: John B. Judis



Category: Political Science


View: 821

Why has nationalism suddenly returned with a vengeance? From the Trump administration in the United States to rightwing populist parties and leftwing parties in France, the United Kingdom, Sweden, Norway, Finland, Denmark, Germany, the Netherlands, Switzerland, Belgium, and Austria, and authoritarian parties in Hungary, Poland and Russia, nativism and xenophobia have been allowed to revive. Is it an understandable response to the failure of the post-World War II institutions to live up to their promise? Or are today's nationalists blind to the ills that beset these nations? Are Europe and the United States -- and China, Japan and other Asian countries -- headed back to the fractious conflicts on the late 19th and early twentieth century that led to world wars and depression? The writer who explained populism and the rise of Trump in his acclaimed 2016 book,The Populist Explosion, travels the United States, Europe and Japan to look at nationalism from its origins in the 1800s to today to find answers.