From the author of The Penguin State of the World Atlas, an essential tool for understanding the modern Middle East The Middle East is in a constant state of change, and understanding it has never been more important. In this essential guide to the region and its politics, Dan Smith unravels the history of the Middle East from the Ottoman Empire to the present day. With the acute and fair-minded analysis readers have come to expect from him, Smith highlights key issues and maps their global implications to explain why the Middle East has become, and will remain, the focal point of foreign policy. There can be no one-line summary of the Middle East, but in The Penguin State of the Middle East Atlas, Smith gives readers the primer they need to understand the ongoing conflicts in the region.
Few global security issues stimulate more fervent passion than the application of brute force. Despite the fierce debate raging about it in government, society and the Academy, inadequate strategic understanding surrounds the issue, prompting the urgent need for —the first comprehensive systematic global analysis of 21st century state-initiated internal and external applications of brute force. Based on extensive case evidence, Robert Mandel assesses the short-term and long-term, the local and global, the military, political, economic, and social, and the state and human security impacts of brute force. He explicitly isolates the conditions under which brute force works best and worst by highlighting force initiator and force target attributes linked to brute force success and common but low-impact force legitimacy concerns. Mandel comes to two major overarching conclusions. First, that the modern global application of brute force shows a pattern of futility—but one that is more a function of states' misapplication of brute force than of the inherent deficiencies of this instrument itself. Second, that the realm for successful application of state-initiated brute force is shrinking: for while state-initiated brute force can serve as a transitional short-run local military solution, he says, it cannot by itself provide a long-run global strategic solution or serve as a cure for human security problems. Taking the evidence and his conclusions together, Mandel provides policy advice for managing brute force use in the modern world.
Reflecting the dramatic changes shaped by rapidly developing technologies over the past six years, this new fourth edition of "Reference and Information Services" takes the introduction to reference sources and services significantly beyond the content of the first three editions. In Part I, Concepts and Processes, chapters have been revised and updated to reflect new ideas and methods in the provision of reference service in an era when many users have access to the Web. In Part II, "Information Sources and Their Use," discussion of each source type has been updated to encompass key resources in print and on the Web, where an increasing number of freely available sources join those purchased or licensed by libraries. A number of new authors are contributors to this new edition, bringing to their chapters their experience as teachers of reference and as practitioners in different types of libraries. Discussions of services in Part I integrate digital reference as appropriate to each topic, such as how to conduct a reference interview online using instant messaging. Boxes interspersed in the text are used to present scenarios for discussion, to highlight key concepts, or to present excerpts from important documents. Discussions of sources in Part II place more emphasis on designing effective search strategies using both print and digital resources. The chapter on selection and evaluation of sources addresses the changing nature of reference collections and how to evaluate new types of sources. Each chapter concludes with an updated list of additional readings to guide further study. A new companion website will provide links to Web-accessible readings and resources as well as additional scenarios for discussion and example search strategies to supplement those presented in the text.
Full of clear, detailed maps, this beautifully designed world atlas is the perfect companion for discovering our planet. Originally published in 1997 and now in its 10th edition, the Essential World Atlas includes all recent border, place name, and flag changes around the world, including the new nation of South Sudan and the annexation of Crimea. A series of 12 global thematic maps on subjects as diverse as ocean currents and languages gives a general introduction to the world today. These are followed by the main atlas, which includes more than 60 full-color regional maps featuring political and state borders; main population and administrative centers; and main lines of communication, ports, and airports. In addition to these maps, this clear, informative, and affordable atlas also includes a fully cross-referenced index-gazetteer featuring 20,000 places, data profiles of each country, plus a glossary of geographical terms, making it the perfect reference tool to distill the mass of information in today's world into the essential facts needed to help understand our ever-changing planet.
An broad-based survey of the world's earliest human cultures ranges from the ancient farming settlements of Mesopotamia to the founding of Rome, utilizing photographs, artwork, reproductions, and full-color maps to highlight a look at such topics as the origins of the Egyptian pharaohs, China's dynasties, and the great cities of the Inca and Aztec. Original.
Provides an overview of the realities of the modern American experience, providing facts and illustrations of the nation's changing demographics, patterns of home ownership, and the kind of foods being eaten across the country.
How Singapore’s solutions to common problems can provide examples for other societies. Nearly everyone knows that Singapore has one of the most efficient governments and competitive, advanced economies in the world. But can this unique city–state of some 5.5 million residents also serve as a model for other advanced economies as well as for the emerging world? Respected East Asia expert Kent Calder provides clear answers to this intriguing question in his new, groundbreaking book that looks at how Singapore’s government has harnessed information technology, data, and a focus on innovative, adaptive governance to become a model smart city, smart state. Calder describes Singapore as a laboratory for solutions to problems experienced by urban societies around the world. In particular, he shows how Singapore has dealt successfully with education, energy, environmental, housing, and transportation challenges; many of its solutions can be adapted in a wide range of other societies. Calder also explains how Singapore offers lessons for how countries can adapt their economies to the contemporary demands of global commerce. Singapore consistently ranks at the top in world surveys measuring competitiveness, ease of doing business, protection of intellectual property, and absence of corruption. The book offers concrete insights and a lucid appreciation of how Singapore's answers to near-universal problems can have a much broader relevance, even in very different societies.
While it is true that genocide prevention is not what tends to land on the front pages of national newspapers today, it is what prevents the worst headlines from ever being made. However, despite the post-Holocaust consensus that "never again" would the world allow civilians to be victims of genocide, the reality is that history is closer than ever to repeating itself. As many as 170 million civilians across the world have been victims of genocide and mass atrocity in the 20th century. Now that we have entered the 21st century, little light has arisen from the darkness as civilians still find themselves under brutal attack in the Sudan, Burma, Syria, the Central African Republic, Burundi, and a score of other countries in the world as they find themselves beset by state fragility and extremist identity politics. Drawing on over two decades of primary research and scholarship from a wide range of disciplinary perspectives, Confronting Evil: Engaging Our Responsibility to Prevent Genocide is grounded in the belief that preventing mass atrocity is an achievable goal, but only if we have the collective will to do so. This groundbreaking book from one of the foremost leaders in the field presents a fascinating continuum of research-informed strategies to prevent genocide from ever taking place; to avert further atrocities once mass murder occurs; and to prevent further turmoil once a society learns how to rebuild itself. Dr. James Waller challenges each of us to accept our responsibilities as global citizens--in whichever role and place we find ourselves--and to think critically about one of the world's most pressing human rights issues in which there are no sidelines, only sides.
More than 640 high-definition maps created with the latest digital mapping techniques bring you the world in more detail than ever before. Now fully revised and updated to reflect recent geopolitical changes, this essential desktop reference provides a concise but comprehensive overview of the physical, political, economic, and demographic geography of the world. Fact files on all 196 nations give a snapshot of each territory, and informative text, photographs, and diagrams bring the maps to life and help build a detailed portrait of those features that make each region unique. With more than 80,000 entries, a full index guarantees swift access to the information you need. From the defining boundaries of the Balkan states to the icy terrain of Antarctica, Concise World Atlas, Seventh Edition provides an accurate overview of the modern world with unsurpassed mapping.
First published in 1987, this 10th edition provides touring information and a climate guide as well as large-scale state maps, a major highways route-planner, intercity route maps and major city approach and bypass maps. Includes information about National Parks and an index.
The law on foreign direct investment (FDI) belongs to the fastest changing legal field in international law. Investors and the host state have long left behind a relationship dominated by the host state's desire to screen and choose FDI. In the current market for FDI, both parties try to assert influence, but in the end the scarcity of FDI is the decisive factor. This book provides an in-depth study of the legal framework for the admission of FDI and presents insights into the pros and cons of various admission models. Its goal is to identify legal and policy options that serve the host state's and investor's common needs. The book is a comprehensive, easy reference handbook that is of interest to lawyers, academics and policy makers.