Containing over 500 definitions of political theories, dogmas and phraseologies, this dictionary includes updated entries on the European Community and federalism alongside new definitions of the European Court of Justice and Central Banks, among others. Frequently-used terms in Middle-Eastern politics are explained, from Ayatollah and the Arab-Israeli wars, to fundamentalism and the Gulf War. It also includes sections on ideas that have become familiar terms over recent years, such as perestroika, glasnost, being politically correct, and Thatcherism, as well as issues that have taken on greater political significance - for example, abortion and environmentalism.
The Penguin Dictionary of International Relations provides an authoritative overview of this complex and constantly shifting subject. Ranging from the Arab-Israeli conflict to weapons of mass destruction, this is an indispensable and comprehensive guide to the events, organisations, theories and concepts that are shaping today's global community.
Terms drawn from a host of different topics - the economics of trade and industry, politics and sociology, the environment and land use, planning and management - are used constantly by human geographers. This reference book provides definitions of all such terms (as well as certain historical usages still to be found in important sources) and explains the invaluable mathematical and statistical techniques that have revolutionized all the human sciences.
Featuring hundreds of entries, this authoritative, A-to-Z reference encompasses the full spectrum and history of Western philosophy, covering such topics as logic, metaphysics, ethics, and epistemology, as well as providing incisive profiles of the world's great philosophers, past and present, and their influence. Original.
This dictionary covers the period 1789-1945. A revised edition, it includes new entries and the text has been brought up-to-date to reflect information current at the time of publication. It includes the non-European world, social, economic and ideological developments, and political events.
Islam today is a truly global faith, yet it remains somewhat of an enigma to many of us. Each and every day our newspapers are saturated with references to Islam; Quran, Taliban, Hijab, Fatwa, Allah, Sunni, Jihad, Shia, the list goes on. But how much do we really understand? Are we, in fact, misunderstanding? The Penguin Dictionary of Islam provides complete, impartial answers. It includes extensive coverage of the historical formations of the worldwide Muslim community and highlights key modern Muslim figures and events. Understanding Islam is vital to understanding our world and this text is the definitive authority, designed for both general and academic readers.
A handy guide to every religion practised in India In India, the birthplace of some of the world’s major faiths and home to many more, religion is a way of life, existing as much in temples, mosques, churches and wayside shrines as it does in social laws, cultural practices and the political arena. The Religions of India contains, in a single volume, a comprehensive account of every major faith practised in the country today—Hinduism, Islam, Sikhism, Christianity, Buddhism, Jainism, Zoroastrianism, Judaism, and the Bahai faith. This meticulously researched work traverses a vast range of topics—from Somnatha Temple and Babri Masjid to Tirthankaras and the Akali Movement; from the Shariat and the Eucharist to Shabuoth and nirvana. It places each religion in its historical context, tracing its evolution from its inception to the present. • Incisive profiles of founders and key patrons, deities, saints, mystics and philosophers • Information on and insights into lesser-known and regional forms of worship, as well as important festivals, customs and rituals • Extensively cross-referenced with suggestions for further reading