This volume collects twelve new essays by leading moral philosophers on a vitally important topic: the ethics of eating meat. Some of the key questions examined include: Are animals harmed or benefited by our practice of raising and killing them for food? Do the realities of the marketplace entail that we have no power as individuals to improve the lives of any animals by becoming vegetarian, and if so, have we any reason to stop eating meat? Suppose it is morally wrong to eat meat--should we be blamed for doing so? If we should be vegetarians, what sort should we be?
Every year, billions of animals are raised and killed by human beings for human consumption. What should we think of this practice? In what ways, if any, is it morally problematic? This volume collects twelve essays by leading moral philosophers examining some of the most important aspects of this topic.
Intensive animal agriculture wrongs many, many animals. Philosophers have argued, on this basis, that most people in wealthy Western contexts are morally obligated to avoid animal products. This book explains why the author thinks that’s mistaken. He reaches this negative conclusion by contending that the major arguments for veganism fail: they don’t establish the right sort of connection between producing and eating animal-based foods. Moreover, if they didn’t have this problem, then they would have other ones: we wouldn’t be obliged to abstain from all animal products, but to eat strange things instead—e.g., roadkill, insects, and things left in dumpsters. On his view, although we have a collective obligation not to farm animals, there is no specific diet that most individuals ought to have. Nevertheless, he does think that some people are obligated to be vegans, but that’s because they’ve joined a movement, or formed a practical identity, that requires that sacrifice. This book argues that there are good reasons to make such a move, albeit not ones strong enough to show that everyone must do likewise.
- New discussions and updates pertaining to the September 11th terrorist attacks on New York City and Washington, DC throughout the book, but especially in the Preface, Chapter 1, Chapter 7, and Chapter 9. - Substantial updates to the Middle East discussion and more on ethnic conflict in Chapter 6. - The former Chapter 7 has been divided into two new chapters-Chapter 7 'Interdependence and Globalization' and Chapter 8 'The Information Age.' The chapter has been divided so adequate space can be devoted to the coverage of important new developments in the areas of technology and the global economy. - New material on the revolution in military affairs in Chapters 6 and 7. - Greatly expanded and updated discussions of economic globalization in Chapter 7. - The conclusion to the book (the new Chapter 9) has been substantially rewritten in light of the September 11, 2001 terrorist attacks on the U.S. - An abundance of examples help to illustrate concepts, making the material clear and easy to understand. - 'Chronologies' at the end of each chapter provide a detailed timeline of a particular conflict, helping students to understand causation and put events in context. - 'Study Questions'
Devoted to those practitioners of the art of short fiction, this new 2nd edition offers thorough coverage of approximately 375 authors and 400 of their works. In a single volume, Reference Guide to Short Fiction features often-studied authors from around the world and throughout history, all selected for inclusion by a board of experts in the field. Reference Guide to Short Fiction is divided into two sections for easy study. The first section profiles the authors and offers personal and career details, as well as complete bibliographical information. A signed essay helps readers understand more about the author. These authors are covered: -- Sandra Cisneros -- Nikolai Gogol -- Ernest Hemingway -- Langston Hughes -- Gabriel Garcia Marquez -- Salman Rushdie -- Jean-Paul Sartre -- Edith Somerville -- Eudora Welty -- And others Section two helps readers gain deeper understanding of the authors and the genre with critical essays discussing 400 important works, including: -- "The Hitchiking Game", Milan Kundera -- "The Swimmer", John Cheever -- "The Dead", James Joyce -- "A Hunger Artist", Franz Kafka -- "How I Met My Husband", Alice Munro -- "Kew Gardens", Virginia Woolf This one-stop guide also provides easy access to works through the title index.
This excellent collection of topically organized articles with chapter introductions, cases, and end-of-chapter study questions and resources provides an accessible yet philosophically honest and balanced introduction to the world of moral issues.
This introduction covers the attitudes and skills that make ethics work, like thinking for oneself and keeping an open mind. It illuminates the kinds of practical intelligence required in moral judgement, complementing the narrower theoretical consideratio
Place, Politics, and Identity in the Nature-culture Borderlands
Author: Jennifer R. Wolch
Publisher: Verso Books
Each year billions of animals are poisoned, dissected, displaced, killed for consumption, or held in captivity—usually for the benefit of humans. The animal world has never been under greater peril and this broad-ranging collection contributes to a much-needed, fundamental rethinking about our relation with it. Animal Geographies explores the diverse ways in which animals shape the formation of human identity. Essays on zoos and wolves, for example, reveal how animals figure in social constructions of race, gender, and nationality. From questions of identity and subjectivity, it moves to a consideration of the places where people and animals confront the realities of coexistence on an everyday basis, by way of case studies of species such as mountain lions and the golden eagle. It then examines the ways in which animals figure in the ongoing globalization of production and mass consumption—illustrated by essays on the US meatpacking industry and meat production in the Indian state of Rajasthan—and finally, takes up legal and ethical approaches to human-animal relations. Animal Geographies compels a profound rethinking of the nature of human-animal relations and offers a series of proposals for reconstituting this relationship on a progressive basis. Contributors: Kay Anderson, Glen Elder, Andrea Gullo, Unna Lassiter, William S. Lynn, Suzanne M. Michel, Chris Philo, James D. Proctor, Paul Robbins, Frances M. Ufkes, James L. Wescoat, Jr.