The Medieval Networks in East Central Europe

Commerce, Contacts, Communication

Author: Balazs Nagy

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 507

Medieval Networks in East Central Europe explores the economic, cultural, and religious forms of contact between East Central Europe and the surrounding world in the eight to the fifteenth century. The sixteen chapters are grouped into four thematic parts: the first deals with the problem of the region as a zone between major power centers; the second provides case studies on the economic and cultural implications of religious ties; the third addresses the problem of trade during the state formation process in the region, and the final part looks at the inter- and intraregional trade in the Late Middle Ages. Supported by an extensive range of images, tables, and maps, Medieval Networks in East Central Europe demonstrates and explores the huge significance and international influence that East Central Europe held during the medieval period and is essential reading for scholars and students wishing to understand the integral role that this region played within the processes of the Global Middle Ages.

The Medieval Networks in East Central Europe

Commerce, Contacts, Communication

Author: Balázs Nagy

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 298

View: 572

Medieval Networks in East Central Europe explores the economic, cultural, and religious forms of contact between East Central Europe and the surrounding world in the eight to the fifteenth century. The sixteen chapters are grouped into four thematic parts: the first deals with the problem of the region as a zone between major power centers; the second provides case studies on the economic and cultural implications of religious ties; the third addresses the problem of trade during the state formation process in the region, and the final part looks at the inter- and intraregional trade in the Late Middle Ages. Supported by an extensive range of images, tables, and maps, Medieval Networks in East Central Europe demonstrates and explores the huge significance and international influence that East Central Europe held during the medieval period and is essential reading for scholars and students wishing to understand the integral role that this region played within the processes of the Global Middle Ages.

Medieval East Central Europe in a Comparative Perspective

From Frontier Zones to Lands in Focus

Author: Gerhard Jaritz

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 266

View: 552

Medieval East Central Europe in a Comparative Perspective draws together the new perspectives concerning the relevance of East Central Europe for current historiography by placing the region in various comparative contexts. The chapters compare conditions within East Central Europe, as well as between East Central Europe, the rest of the continent, and beyond. Including 15 original chapters from an interdisciplinary team of contributors, this collection begins by posing the question: "What is East Central Europe?" with three specialists offering different interpretations and presenting new conclusions. The book is then grouped into five parts which examine political practice, religion, urban experience, and art and literature. The contributors question and explain the reasons for similarities and differences in governance and strategies for handling allies, enemies or subjects in particular ways. They point out themes and structures from town planning to religious orders that did not function according to political boundaries, and for which the inclusion of East Central European territories was systemic. The volume offers a new interpretation of medieval East Central Europe, beyond its traditional limits in space and time and beyond the established conceptual schemes. It will be essential reading for students and scholars of medieval East Central Europe.

On the Road

The History and Archaeology of Medieval Communication Networks in East-Central Europe

Author: Magdolna Szilagyi

Publisher: Archaeolingua

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 250

View: 691

The present volume is dedicated to the different approaches and research strategies of medieval roads and tracks. It is mainly based on historical and archaeological source materials from East-Central Europe, but the research problems are discussed in a wider European context. Roads have never been isolated features in the landscape, but formed the backbone of the settlement system in all times. Being the veins of social and economic life, the history of roads is inextricably connected with the growth and decline of towns, settlements, agriculture and trade. The book introduces its readers into the wide range of sources and methods available for the investigation of this noteworthy, but so far regrettably neglected and understudied topic. The social, political and economic factors as well as the physical landscape created different types of medieval roads in terms of function and physical properties. The purpose of this book is to demonstrate the variability of these roads through East-Central European examples, and stimulate further investigations both within and outside the region. At the same time, it offers a well-selected collection of features, archaeological sites and historical representations with the relevant research methods on the means and ways of medieval communication networks.

The Expansion of Central Europe in the Middle Ages

Author: Nora Berend

Publisher: Variorum

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 507

View: 115

This volume brings together a set of key studies on the history of medieval Central Europe (Bohemia, Hungary, Poland), along with others specially commissioned for the book or translated, and a new introduction. This region was both an area of immigration, and one of polities in expansion. Topics covered include the settlement of previously empty lands, rulers' attempts to incorporate new territories, and the significance of German immigration, which is much more nuanced and complex than often presented.

A History of the Credit Market in Central Europe

The Middle Ages and Early Modern Period

Author: Pavla Slavíčková

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 278

View: 582

This is the first comprehensive study of loans and debts in Central European countries in the Middle Ages and Early Modern Period. It outlines the issues of debts and loans in the Czech lands, Poland and Hungary, with respect to the influence of Austria and Germany. It focuses on the role of loans and debts in medieval and early modern society, credit markets in these countries, the mechanism of lending and borrowing, forms of credit, availability of loans, frequency of credits dealings, range of lending business, and last, but not least, the financial relationships inside the social classes and between them. The research presented in the book is based on a wide range of resources including credit contracts and agreements, evidence of loans and debts of courts, accounting of nobility, towns, churches and guilds, merchant diaries and Jewish registers, as well as other financial records. It covers a wide range of historical disciplines including economic and financial history, social history, the history of economic thought as well as the history of everyday life. It also contains a wealth of case studies, which offer, for the first time in English, a comprehensive and representative sample of the most up-to-date Central European research on the history of loans and debts and serves as a basis for a comparison with the other parts of Europe during the same period. The book is designed primarily for postgraduates, researchers and academics in financial, economic and historical sciences but will also be a valuable resource for students of business schools.

The Economy of Medieval Hungary

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 668

View: 792

The Economy of Medieval Hungary is the first concise, English-language volume on the economic life of medieval Hungary, covering the structures of economic life, human-nature interactions in production, taxation, money and commerce.

A Handbook to Classical Reception in Eastern and Central Europe

Author: Zara Martirosova Torlone

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 632

View: 845

This is the first comprehensive English language study of the reception of classical antiquity in Eastern and Central Europe. This groundbreaking work offers detailed case studies of thirteen countries that are fully contextualized historically, locally, and regionally. Written and edited by an international group of seasoned and up-and-coming scholars with vast subject-matter experience and expertise, it contains essays from leading scholars in the field provide broad insight into the reception of the classical world within specific cultural and geographical areas and discusses the reception of many aspects of Greco-Roman heritage, such as prose/philosophy, poetry, material culture. It offfers broad and significant insights into the complicated engagement many countries of Eastern and Central Europe have had and continue to have with Greco-Roman antiquity.

Conflict, Bargaining, and Kinship Networks in Medieval Eastern Europe

Author: Christian Raffensperger

Publisher: Lexington Books

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 900

Conflict, Bargaining, and Kinship Networks in Medieval Eastern Europe takes the familiar view of Eastern Europe, families, and conflicts and stands it on its head. Instead of a world rife with civil war and killing, this book presents a relatively structured environment where conflict is engaged in for the purposes of advancing one’s position, and where death among the royal families is relatively rare. At the heart of this analysis is the use of situational kinship networks—relationships created by elites for the purposes of engaging in conflict with their own kin, but only for the duration of a particular conflict. A new image of medieval Eastern Europe, less consumed by civil war and mass death, will change the perception of medieval Eastern Europe in the minds of readers. This new perception is essential to not only present the past more accurately, but also to allow for medieval Eastern Europe’s integration into the larger medieval world as something other than an aberrant other.

Childhood in Medieval Poland (1050-1300)

Constructions and Realities in a European Context

Author: Matthew Koval

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 232

View: 708

This book shows that childhood was an essential element in the arguments and purposes of authors in medieval Poland from 1050-1300 CE. This role of childhood in medieval mindsets has salient parallels throughout Europe and this is also explored in this volume.

The Rise of Medieval Towns and States in East Central Europe

Early Medieval Centres as Social and Economic Systems

Author: Jiri Machacek

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 588

View: 598

This book is a contribution to the understanding the transformations that took place across Europe during the second half of the first millennium. The goal is to draw conclusions on the basis of the archaeological evidence from important centres.

Urkundenformeln im Kontext

Formen der Schriftkultur im Ostmitteleuropa des Mittelalters (13.-14. Jahrhundert)

Author: Sébastien Rossignol

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Wien

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 207

View: 127

Die hier publizierten Beiträge widmen sich dem mittelalterlichen Urkundenwesen in den polnischen Fürstentümern und in Böhmen und untersuchen mit besonderem Augenmerk auf die Arenga das Formular der von Fürsten, den Erzbischöfen von Gnesen/Gniezno und Adeligen ausgestellten Urkunden in seiner Genese und Aussage, die Kriterien der Anwendung einzelner Formeln, die Rolle der Schreiber und Notare wie auch der Formelbücher und stellen die Ergebnisse in den Kontext aktueller Forschungen zu Schriftlichkeit und Kommunikation. Die in deutscher und englischer Sprache abgefassten Studien eröffnen den Zugang zu wichtigen, aber auf internationaler Ebene viel zu wenig rezipierten Ergebnissen der ostmitteleuropäischen Forschung.

Cities After Socialism

Urban and Regional Change and Conflict in Post-Socialist Societies

Author: Gregory Andrusz

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 356

View: 828

Cities After Socialism is the first substantial and authoritative analysis of the role of cities in the transition to capitalism that is occurring in the former communist states of Easter Europe and the Soviet Union. It will be of equal value to urban specialists and to those who have a more general interest in the most dramatic socio-political event of the contemporary era - the collapse of state socialism. Written by an international group of leading experts in the field, Cities after socialism asks and answers some crucial questions about the nature of the emergent post-socialist urban system and the conflicts and inequalities which are being generated by the processes of change now occurring.

Monasteries on the Borders of Medieval Europe

Conflict and Cultural Interaction

Author: Emilia Jamroziak

Publisher: Brepols Pub

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 271

View: 479

As a historical and cultural phenomenon, monasticism always had a close connection with frontiers. The earliest monasteries were believed to be founded in wildernesses and deserts, thus existing beyond society and the inhabited world in general. As intercessors praying for their patrons and benefactors, monastic communities also existed on the border between the earthly and the spiritual worlds. In medieval Europe, however, the frontier nature of monasticism had specific manifestations in addition to the founding myths of monastic wilderness. In the twelfth and thirteenth centuries the expansion of Latin Europe in East-Central Europe, the Iberian Peninsula, Scandinavia, and into the Holy Land and Greece opened possibilities for extending monastic networks and establishing new houses. One of the most important parts of this process was the interaction between these new religious communities and the social world around them-an interaction that was characterised by various shades of hostility, cooperation, and adaptation to the local social and cultural framework. This is the first collection to consider the phenomenon of monastic frontiers in a cross-disciplinary manner. The book's ten chapters explore the role of monasteries in maintaining political and cultural borders, in breaking and sustaining linguistic boundaries in late medieval Europe, as well as in building and stabilizing Latin Christian cultural identities on the northern and southern frontiers of Europe. Using a wide range of textual, archaeological, and material evidence, an international group of authors examines the expansion of monastic and mendicant networks in Scandinavia, Iberia, East-Central Europe, the British Isles, northern France, the Balkans, and Frankish Greece.

East Central Europe in the Middle Ages, 1000-1500

Author: Jean W. Sedlar

Publisher: University of Washington Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 569

View: 935

Although the Middle Ages saw brilliant achievements in the diverse nations of East Central Europe, this period has been almost totally neglected in Western historical scholarship. East Central Europe in the Middle Ages provides a much-needed overview of the history of the region from the time when the present nationalities established their state structures and adopted Christianity up to the Ottoman conquest. Jean Sedlar�s excellent synthesis clarifies what was going on in Europe between the Elbe and the Ukraine during the Middle Ages, making available for the first time in a single volume information necessary to a fuller understanding of the early history of present-day Poland, the Czech Republic, Slovakia, Hungary, Romania, Bulgaria, Albania, and the former Yugoslavia. Sedlar writes clearly and fluently, drawing upon publications in numerous languages to craft a masterful study that is accessible and valuable to the general reader and the expert alike. The book is organized thematically; within this framework Sedlar has sought to integrate nationalities and to draw comparisons. Topics covered include early migrations, state formation, monarchies, classes (nobles, landholders, peasants, herders, serfs, and slaves), towns, religion, war, governments, laws and justice, commerce and money, foreign affairs, ethnicity and nationalism, languages and literature, and education and literacy. After the Middle Ages these nations were subsumed by the Ottoman, Habsburg, Russian, and Prussian-German empires. This loss of independence means that their history prior to foreign conquest has acquired exceptional importance in today�s national consciousness, and the medieval period remains a major point of reference and a source of national pride and ethnic identity. This book is a substantial and timely contribution to our knowledge of the history of East Central Europe.

Fortified Settlements in Early Medieval Europe

Defended Communities of the 8th-10th Centuries

Author: Neil Christie

Publisher: Oxbow Books

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 492

Twenty-three contributions by leading archaeologists from across Europe explore the varied forms, functions and significances of fortified settlements in the 8th to 10th centuries AD. These could be sites of strongly martial nature, upland retreats, monastic enclosures, rural seats, island bases, or urban nuclei. But they were all expressions of control - of states, frontiers, lands, materials, communities - and ones defined by walls, ramparts or enclosing banks. Papers run from Irish cashels to Welsh and Pictish strongholds, Saxon burhs, Viking fortresses, Byzantine castra, Carolingian creations, Venetian barricades, Slavic strongholds, and Bulgarian central places, and coverage extends fully from north-west Europe, to central Europe, the northern Mediterranean and the Black Sea. Strongly informed by recent fieldwork and excavations, but drawing also where available on the documentary record, this important collection provides fully up-to-date reviews and analyses of the archaeologies of the distinctive settlement forms that characterized Europe in the Early Middle Ages.

Minority Influences in Medieval Society

Author: Nora Berend

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 132

View: 690

This book investigates how minorities contributed to medieval society, comparing these contributions to majority society’s perceptions of the minority. In this volume the contributors define ‘minority’ status as based on a group’s relative position in power relations, that is, a group with less power than the dominant group(s). The chapters cover both what modern historians call ‘religious’ and ‘ethnic’ minorities (including, for example, Muslims in Latin Europe, German-speakers in Central Europe, Dutch in England, Jews and Christians in Egypt), but also address contemporary medieval definitions; medieval writers distinguished between ‘believers’ and ‘infidels’, between groups speaking different languages and between those with different legal statuses. The contributors reflect on patterns of influence in terms of what majority societies borrowed from minorities, the ways in which minorities contributed to society, the mechanisms in majority society that triggered positive or negative perceptions, and the function of such perceptions in the dynamics of power. The book highlights structural and situational similarities as well as historical contingency in the shaping of minority influence and majority perceptions. The chapters in this book were originally published as special issue of the Journal of Medieval History.

Livland – eine Region am Ende der Welt? / Livonia – a Region at the End of the World?

Forschungen zum Verhältnis zwischen Zentrum und Peripherie im späten Mittelalter / Studies on the Relations between Centre and Periphery in the Later Middle Ages

Author: Anti Selart

Publisher: Böhlau Verlag Köln Weimar

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 519

View: 446

Medieval Livonia was situated on the edges of Latin Christendom. The people of Livonia were aware of their peripheral position and knew how to interact with diverse centres of the European continent. In many respects, the constitution of the land relied on these interactions. In this book, historians from five countries present aspects of the current research regarding the concept centre and periphery in the Middle Ages. The focal points of the papers are persons and communication, the ecclesiastical administration, Livonian relations to the Holy Roman Empire, regional and supra-regional activities of the Teutonic Order, and cultural exchange.

Der Blick auf sich und die anderen

Selbst- und Fremdbild von Frauen und Männern in Mittelalter und früher Neuzeit ; Festschrift für Klaus Arnold

Author: Klaus Arnold

Publisher: V&R Unipress

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 452

View: 453

Wissenschaftler aus vier Ländern Europas gehen der Frage nach, wie sich verschiedene gesellschaftliche Gruppen selbst dargestellt haben oder gesehen wurden. Hierzu fokussieren sie unterschiedliche Quellen aus dem Mittelalter und der frÃ"hen Neuzeit. Nicht nur FÃ"hrungsschichten repräsentierten sich in ihren Gebäuden, diplomatischen Missionen, Stiftungen, Testamenten oder Auseinandersetzungen Ã"ber Erbe und Ehre. Quellen wie Gerichtsprotokolle, Zunftordnungen, Statuten oder literarische Zeugnisse eröffnen andere Blickwinkel. Der Reiz liegt nicht nur in der Sicht des Einzelnen auf sich selbst und seine Gruppe, sondern auch auf Fremde im eigenen oder in anderen Ländern.

A Seventeenth-Century Odyssey in East Central Europe

The Life of Jakab Harsányi Nagy

Author: Gábor Kármán

Publisher: Brill

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 326

View: 717

In A Seventeenth-Century Odyssey Gábor Kármán reconstructs the life story of a lesser-known Hungarian diplomat, interpreter, orientalist, Jakab Harsányi Nagy.