Throughout the world, there has been a growing wave of interest in global corporate power and the rise of a transnational capitalist class, triggered by economic and political transformations that have blurred national borders and disembedded corporate business from national domiciles. Using social network analysis, William Carroll maps the changing field of power generated by elite relations among the world's largest corporations and related political organizations. Carroll provides an in-depth analysis that spans the three decades of the late 20th and early 21st century, when capitalist globalization attained unprecedented momentum, propelled both by the transnationalization of accumulation and by the political paradigm of transnational neoliberalism. This has been an era in which national governments have deregulated capital, international institutions such as the World Trade Organization and the World Economic Forum have gained prominence, and production and finance have become more fully transnational, increasing the structural power of capital over communities and workers. Within this context of transformation, the book charts the making of a transnational capitalist class, reaching beyond national forms of capitalist class organization into a global field, but facing spirited opposition from below in an ongoing struggle that is also a struggle over alternative global futures.
The Oxford Handbook of Global Studies provides an overview of the emerging field of global studies. Since the end of the Cold War, globalization has been reshaping the modern world, and an array of new scholarship has risen to make sense of it in its various transnational manifestations-including economic, social, cultural, ideological, technological, environmental, and in new communications. The editors--Mark Juergensmeyer, Saskia Sassen, and Manfred Steger--are recognized authorities in this emerging field and have gathered an esteemed cast of contributors to discuss various aspects in the field through a broad range of approaches. Several essays focus on the emergence of the field and its historical antecedents. Other essays explore analytic and conceptual approaches to teaching and research in global studies, and the largest section will deal with the subject matter of global studies, challenges from diasporas and pandemics to the global city and the emergence of a transnational capitalist class. The final two sections feature essays that take a critical view of globalization from diverse perspectives and essays on global citizenship-the ideas and institutions that guide an emerging global civil society. This Handbook focuses on global studies more than on the phenomenon of globalization itself, though the various aspects of globalization are central to understanding how the field is currently being shaped.
An analysis of the ways in which the intersection of class, race, and ethnicity shape the practices of diaspora-building and knowledge transfer and cause heterogeneous consequences in society, this book examines emergent highly skilled Asian migrants as racialized transnational elites through interviews with Korean international students.
Challenges the mainstream understanding of BRICS and US dominance to situate the new global rivalries engulfing capitalism BRICS is a grouping of the five major emerging economies of Brazil, Russia, India, China and South Africa. Volume five in the Democratic Marxism series, BRICS and the New American Imperialism challenges the mainstream understanding of BRICS and US dominance to situate the new global rivalries engulfing capitalism. It offers novel analyses of BRICS in the context of increasing US induced imperial chaos, deepening environmental crisis tendencies (such as climate change and water scarcity), contradictory dynamics inside BRICS countries and growing subaltern resistance. The authors revisit contemporary thinking on imperialism and anti-imperialism, drawing on the work of Rosa Luxemburg, one of the leading theorists after Marx, who attempted to understand the expansionary nature of capitalism from the heartlands to the peripheries. The richness of Luxemburg’s pioneering work inspires most of the volume’s contributors in their analyses of the dangerous contradictions of the contemporary world as well as forms of democratic agency advancing resistance. While various forms of resistance are highlighted, among them water protests, mass worker strikes, anti-corporate campaigning and forms of cultural critique, this volume grapples with the challenge of renewing anti-imperialism beyond the NGO-driven World Social Forum and considers the prospects of a new horizontal political vessel to build global convergence. It also explores the prospects of a Fifth International of Peoples and Workers.
This book presents an analysis of the transnational social forces in the making of a new European socio-economic order that emerged out of the European integration process during the 1980s and 1990s. Arguing that the political economy of European integration must be put within the context of a changing global capitalism, Van Apeldoorn examines how European change is linked to global change and how transnational actors mediate these changes.
This volume examines how globalization and transnational capitalism have reshaped the terrain and parameters of social, economic, and political relations â?? both at the national and the global levels â?? and how the relations of domination and subordination are reproduced in new forms beyond national borders. It discusses the essential question on whether the resilient hegemony of transnational capitalism can be possibly reproduced, containing alternative systems of organization. The book can be heuristically summarized by the Chinese words for "crisis," which is made up of two syllables â?? Wei and Ji â?? representing danger and opportunity, respectively. It means that there is a crisis, there is an element of danger, and that there is opportunity. Consequently, while it is important to understand the embedded limits of capitalism, it is equally important to continue the effort to search for alternative opportunities.
An overview of what the global system is and how it works through an analysis of transnational practices - economic, political and culture-ideological. This edition reflects political changes in Eastern Europe and includes expanded coverage of the transnational capitalist class and postmodernism.
Part I. The WTO, Multilateral and Regional Frameworks for Trade. 1 . Development and the World Trade Organization: Proposal for the Agreement on Development Facilitation and the Council for Trade and Development in the WTO, Yong-Shik Lee. 2. A Reflection on the South-South Coalition in the Last Half Century from the Perspective of International Economic Law-making, An Chen. 3. The WTO, Democracy, and Development: A View from the South Bhupinder Chimni. 4. Liberalization of Trade in Services and Trade Negotiations, Alejandro Jara and M del. Carmen Dominguez. 5. One Year Since the WTO Hong Kong Ministerial Conference: Developing Countries Re-claim the Development Content of the WTO Doha Round, Faizel Ismail. 6. Trade Diplomacy and Development Clubs: The Interaction in the Americas, Diana Tussie. Part II Trade and Development: Cases of Seven Developing Countries . 7. Export Promotion and Economic Development: Korea's Experience, Jai S. Mah and Jae-hee Kang. 8. The Evolution of China's International Trade Policy: Development Through Protection and Liberalization, Jiangyu Wang. 9. Liberalizing Border Trade: Implications for Domestic Agricultural Markets in India, Rajesh Chadha, Devender Pratap, and Anjali Tandon. 10 . Legal Reforms and International Economic Development: Iran's Economic Development from a Global Perspective, Ali Z. Marossi. 11. EU Maritime Rules and Transport Sector Policy Reform in Turkey, Subidey Togan. 12. Trade Liberalization for the Second Largest Country in Europe: Going East, West, Or Can It Be Both?. Oleg Riabokon. 13. How Far Can LDCs Benefit from Duty Free and Quota Free Market Access? : The Case of Uganda, Francis Mangeni.
Arguing convincingly that mainstream theory lacks the tools to adequately explain European integration, this challenging book draws upon critical political economic theory to develop a more comprehensive and consistent analysis of the processes of integration. Although not claiming that states have ceded their role as masters of the treaties, the contributors develop innovative case studies of national and transnational processes to illustrate the salience of trans-European business networks and the primacy of neoliberalism as central organizing concepts of the post-Maastricht European project. Visit our website for sample chapters!
The Political Economy of Social Policy in the European Union
Author: Daniel V. Preece
Category: Political Science
Why is neoliberalism winning out as a social policy in the European Union? This title demonstrates how, despite the commitment to 'Social Europe' that has been entrenched in the EU treaty framework since the late 1990s, neoliberal actors have successfully reframed the policy debates and affected the welfare policies adopted by the member states.
Associate Professor Department of Geography Kris Olds
Author: Associate Professor Department of Geography Kris Olds
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Social Science
This book provides a grounded analysis of globalization and urban change in the late 20th century. Drawing on multi-locale field work, Olds examines the role of two elite transnational cultures--ethnic chinese property developers and modernist architects--in the planning and development of Pacific Rim mega-projects.
Rethinking Radical Change in the Age of Globalization
Author: John Foran
Category: Political Science
In this volume, a number of eminent historians, sociologists, and political scientists who have spent their lives studying revolutionary processes reflect on the age of 20th century of revolutions. They debate questions like: is the era of revolution over? What might the revolutions of the future look like? The face of transformative politics in the future and the directions of social change rest in large measure on the answers. A range of recent cases are taken up, from the intensely backward-looking movement of the Taliban in Afghanistan, to the magical revolution in Chiapas.
Imperialism, Class Struggle, and the State in the Age of Global Capitalism
Author: Berch Berberoglu
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield Pub Incorporated
Category: Social Science
As transnational capital has become a mighty force controlling the economies of advanced and less-developed capitalist countries around the world, capitalism and capitalist relations of production have spread to and dominated societies and social relations in remote parts of the globe. The resulting globalization of capital has given a free reign to the transnationals to impose on society capitalist practices on a global scale, such that only the biggest and most powerful capitalist monopolies have become the real beneficiaries.