In 338 BC Philip II of Macedon established Macedonian rule over Greece; he was succeeded in 336 by his son Alexander the Great, whose conquests in the twelve years that followed reached as far as the Russian steppes, Afghanistan, and the Punjab, and created the Hellenistic world. The study ofMacedonia has just been completed in three volumes by N. G. L. Hammond, helped by G. T. Griffith and F. W. Walbank. On the basis of that work, (Volume III of which won the Runicman Award, 1989), Professor Hammond now provides in one volume a history of the Macedonian State in action from early timesto 167 BC. The most important concern is the nature of the Macedonian State and its institutions both in Europe and in the Hellenistic kingdoms in Asia and Egypt, on which much new light has been shed by epigraphic and archaeological discoveries. Those institutions have had a profound influence uponsubsequent history. Full references are given to the ancient sources of information and to archaeological, numismatic, and epigraphic articles.
In this single-volume history, R. Malcolm Errington provides a modern account of the political and social framework of ancient Macedon. He places particular emphasis on the structure of the Macedonian state and its functioning in different stages of historical development from the sixth to the second century B.C. Errington's main emphasis is not on the biographies of the great kings but rather on the flexible political interplay between king, nobility, and people; on the growth of cities and their political function within the state; and on the development of the army as a motor of military, social, and politicalchange.
Greeks and Macedonians are presently engaged in an often heated dispute involving competing claims to a single identity. Each group asserts that they, and they alone, have the right to identify themselves as Macedonians. The Greek government denies the existence of a Macedonian nation and insists that all Macedonians are Greeks, while Macedonians vehemently assert their existence as a unique people. Here Loring Danforth examines the Macedonian conflict in light of contemporary theoretical work on ethnic nationalism, the construction of national identities and cultures, the invention of tradition, and the role of the state in the process of building a nation. The conflict is set in the broader context of Balkan history and in the more narrow context of the recent disintegration of Yugoslavia. Danforth focuses on the transnational dimension of the "global cultural war" taking place between Greeks and Macedonians both in the Balkans and in the diaspora. He analyzes two issues in particular: the struggle for human rights of the Macedonian minority in northern Greece and the campaign for international recognition of the newly independent Republic of Macedonia. The book concludes with a detailed analysis of the construction of identity at an individual level among immigrants from northern Greece who have settled in Australia, where multiculturalism is an official policy. People from the same villages, members of the same families, living in the northern suburbs of Melbourne have adopted different national identities.
"Though it traces its alleged origin to the ancient Macedonian state of Alexander the Great, the modern Republic of Macedonia only achieved statehood in 1991 by a historical accident. It was immediately embroiled with Greece over the question of its identity and of its very existence. To throw light on this piece of unfinished political business, this history, divided into two volumes, takes a wide view of Macedonia as a geographical entity that extends outwards from the Macedonian Republic into all its neighbours, including northern Greece and southwest Bulgaria. The books cover the entire period of Macedonia's written history, from the Temenid kingdom of the Fifth Century B.C. through the periods of Hellenistic, Roman, Byzantine, Bulgarian, Ottoman and Yugoslav rule, with a final chapter devoted to the travails of the insecure new Macedonian Republic.Religions Orthodoxy, Sunni and Shia Islam, and even Judaism all left their mark on Macedonian civilization: a chapter is devoted to Orthodox mysticism and its role in the creation of the secret churches beside the lakes of Ohrid and Prespa. Two chapters are dedicated to the strange and less than admirable history of Athos, the holy mountain peninsula in Greek Macedonia, while other chapters trace a detailed record of Macedonia's experience under the Ottoman and post-Ottoman regimes. Modern and contemporary topics explored here include the violent but incompetent Macedonian struggle against Ottoman rule between 1878 and 1909, and Macedonian involvement in the Balkan Wars and both World Wars. Marshal Tito's Communist insurgency in Greece of 1944-49 left a lingering legacy of fear and distrust that seems even today to colour the attitudes of the Greeks towards their Macedonian neighbours, a phenomenon also discussed in this volume."
Held together by apparatchiks and, later, Tito's charisma, Yugoslavia never really incorporated separate Balkan nationalisms into the Pan-Slavic ideal. Macedonia - frequently ignored by Belgrade - had survived centuries of Turkish domination, Bulgarian invasion and Serbian assimilation before it became part of the Yugoslav project in the aftermath of the First World War. Drawing on an extensive analysis of archival material, private correspondence, and newspaper articles, Nada Boskovska provides an arresting account of the Macedonian experience of the interwar years, charting the growth of political consciousness and the often violent state-driven attempts to curb autonomy. Sketching the complex picture of nationalism within a multi-ethnic, but unitarist state through a comprehensive analysis of policy, economy, and education, Yugoslavia and Macedonia before Tito is the first book to describe the uneasy and often turbulent relationship between a Serbian-dominated government and an increasingly politically aware Macedonian people. Concerned with the question of integration and political manipulation, Boskovska gives credence to voices critical of Royal Yugoslavia and offers a fresh insight into domestic policy and the Macedonian question, going beyond traditional high politics. Broadening the spectrum of discussion and protest, she reveals the voices of a people protesting constitutional and electoral fraud, the neglect of local needs and state machinations designed to create a satellite province.