I have attended quite a few conferences and meetings devoted to the ideas of Kurt Lewin. Among these the 1984 conference at Temple was out standing for its high quality. What made it so successful? Several things. The conference included a stimulating mix of generations. The first generation of women who obtained their Ph. D. 's in psychology in Berlin in the 1920's strike me as a remarkable group. Now in their 80's, they are characterized by enormous vigor and energy. They are still professionally active. Two of them - Tamara Dembo and Maria Rickers Ovsienkina - joined us. Other participants in the Temple conference had been in Iowa in the 1930's and 1940's, or at MIT. Of course there were many who had learned about Lewin from their own teachers, and in some cases, their teachers' teachers. There was a good mixture of ap plied psychologists and academics. Father said on several occasions that he did not want to found a school of psychology as such. Rather he wanted to introduce the field theoretical viewpoint and approach. I think he would have been stimulated by and enthusiastic about the many diverse areas to which Lewinian analy ses, ideas, and concepts are applied today, as illustrated by this volume. He would have been pleased to see so many people applying basic theoreti cal concepts to important social problems. Father loved to discover new things about America.
This ground-breaking book is designed to enable nurses to understand the process of planned change. It presents overviews of three widely accepted change theories as well as a new systems-orientated planned change theory, and shows the implications of the theories for nursing practice.
A history of British butterflies cannot be separated from that of their collectors, since our knowledge of them is the result of four hundred years of collection and study. A mere fifty years ago many now uncommon species were widespread and abundant - their subsequent seemingly irreversible decline owing more to changes in land management and the environment than to past collecting. However, given the present state of butterfly populations, indiscriminate collecting can no longer be justified. This thoroughly researched, highly informative and enjoyable book includes a short history of butterfly collecting in Britain and of the equipment used; brief biographies of 101 deceased lepidopterists, generously laced with anecdotes and quotations, and many contemporary monochrome portraits; accounts of selected species of historical interest; and an appraisal of the effect of collecting and of current conservation policies. Appendixes list all the British and Irish butterflies with their earlier, often confusing and sometimes fanciful, vernacular names; and provide a chronological account of entomological societies, publications and significant events in the canon of British entomology. The work concludes with a comprehensive Bibliography and Index. In addition to colour photographs of historic specimens, an outstanding feature of the book is the superlative colour plates and text figures of butterflies by nineteen artists of the past from Petiver to Frohawk - some never previously reproduced - which enhance the text and add greatly to its historical perspective.
His study of the use of mental imagery in the elementary school classroom led Jerome S. Allender to examine imagery techniques in the adult learning process, the improvement of teaching skills, and the enhancement of the human learning experience in general. Four world views form the investigative framework for this research, as each individual study yields significant data, findings, and conclusions which are then given practical application. This comparative approach broadens the scope of the work to include not only relevance in the classroom, but also exploration of the role imagery plays in the interaction of fantasy and reality.