Closing the Shocking Education Gap for American Children
Author: E. D. Hirsch
Publisher: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt
The Knowledge Deficit illuminates the real issue in education today -- without an effective curriculum, American students are losing the global education race. In this persuasive book, the esteemed education critic, activist, and best-selling author E.D. Hirsch, Jr., shows that although schools are teaching the mechanics of reading, they fail to convey the knowledge needed for the more complex and essential skill of reading comprehension. Hirsch corrects popular misconceptions about hot issues in education, such as standardized testing, and takes to task educators' claims that they are powerless to overcome class differences. Ultimately, this essential book gives parents and teachers specific tools for enhancing children's abilities to fully understand what they read.
The essay argues that the dynamic conjunction of neo-liberal globalization and the information technology revolution has created not only a new relationship with time – which itself is having an immensely consequential (if under-theorized) effect – but also a transformed relationship with the written word. Today reading and writing are increasingly conducted through liquid crystal display – a new technological form of the ancient technology of the printed word. The printed word has become liquid. This essay argues that liquid and accelerated and burgeoning volumes of words that are overwhelmingly oriented towards market-driven instrumentalized ends are creating a deficit in the accumulation and tradition of critical knowledge production and its dissemination. The negative effects of the knowledge deficit are manifold, but the most salient is in the realm of politics, where questions of power, agency and the democratic process become increasingly problematic.
To maintain a competitive edge against other businesses, companies must ensure the most effective strategies and procedures are in place. This is particularly critical in smaller business environments with fewer resources. Knowledge Management Initiatives and Strategies in Small and Medium Enterprises is an authoritative reference source for the latest scholarly material on the management of knowledge resources in smaller-scale enterprises. Highlighting theoretical foundations and real-world applications, this book is ideally designed for professionals, practitioners, researchers, and upper-level students interested in emerging perspectives on knowledge management.
Based on the EU-funded CORASON research project, this volume brings together and compares studies into rural and sustainable development processes in 12 European countries. In doing so, it identifies key trends and reveals the changing nature of development processes on the way towards a knowledge society. The book examines the differences between the preconditions and contexts relevant to rural development strategies and those relevant to sustainable development strategies. It explores whether the concept, goals and nature of rural development is better understood and adopted by rural actors than those of sustainable development. Finally by focusing on the ideas and practices of sustainable resource management- a component in both rural and sustainable development objectives- it links with knowledge used by actors involved in rural development.
Many people believe that environmental regulation has passed a point of diminishing returns: the quick fixes have been achieved and the main sources of pollution are shifting from large "point sources" to more diffuse sources that are more difficult and expensive to regulate. The political climate has also changed in the United States since the 1970s in ways that provide impetus to seek alternatives to regulation. This book examines the potential of some of these "new tools" that emphasize education, information, and voluntary measures. Contributors summarize what we know about the effectiveness of these tools, both individually and in combination with regulatory and economic policy instruments. They also extract practical lessons from this knowledge and consider what is needed to make these tools more effective. The book will be of interest to environmental policy practitioners and to researchers and students concerned with applying social and behavioral sciences knowledge to improve environmental quality.
Revised to incorporate the latest NANDA-approved nursing diagnoses, the Eleventh Edition of this classic text offers definitive guidance on key elements of nursing diagnosis and its application to clinical practice. Section 1 thoroughly explains the role of nursing diagnosis in the nursing process and in care planning. Section 2 is a comprehensive A-to-Z guide to current nursing diagnoses. Section 3 focuses on collaborative problems. This edition lists associated NIC (Nursing Interventions Classifications) and NOC (Nursing Outcomes Classifications) for every NANDA diagnosis. New diagnoses added and modified in accordance with the latest NANDA meeting are in an appendix for easy access.
The health care and pharmacy environments have changed substantially since the first edition of this book. Developments include the new Medicare prescription benefit, a growing emphasis on medication safety, and the dynamic technology driving safety in organized health care settings. Exploring these recent modifications, Pharmacy: What It Is and How It Works, Second Edition encompasses all aspects of pharmacy, from the various roles of pharmacists to particular health care-related events to career-planning information. The book first focuses on the core of pharmacy, providing an overview of the field and a chapter dedicated to pharmacists. After an examination of how drug products are developed, used, and priced, it discusses the important topics of pharmacy technicians, information technology, pharmacy automation, and pharmaceutical care. Subsequent chapters cover the various areas where pharmacists work, including in community, hospital, home health care, and government pharmacies. The book concludes with chapters on the pharmaceutical industry and career planning. Each chapter features learning objectives, summaries, discussion questions, exercises, Web sites of interest, and references. Pharmacies have evolved from the corner drugstores of old. To help navigate the modern field of pharmacy, this text provides a well-written, organized introduction for new pharmacy students, pharmacy technician trainees, and practitioners.
This handbook presents extensive knowledge on the nature, diagnosis, assessment, and treatment of ADHD. Provided are authoritative guidelines for understanding and managing the challenges ADHD poses to children, adolescents, and adults in a range of settings. All chapters conclude with user-friendly Key Clinical Points. Note: Practitioners wishing to implement the assessment and treatment recommendations in the Handbook are advised to purchase the companion Workbook, which contains a full set of forms, questionnaires, and handouts, in a large-size format with permission to photocopy.
Reducing Environmental Harm Through Our Social Motivation
Author: Mikael Klintman
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Category: Business & Economics
This book reflects upon and critiques the potential of citizen-consumer's to alter their natural consuming habits and to "shop ethically, 'care for the environment' and 'think glocally'" so as to reduce environmental harm. The author argues that our present conceptual understanding of what drives peoples' environmental behaviour (that environmental remedies can be realized by determining fixed ends which citizen-consumers could strive for) is inadequate and that environmental policies based on these perspectives of human behaviour yield poor results and will not change citizen-consumer behaviour. Developing a substantial challenge to the existing accepted theories, this book sets out a groundbreaking approach to understanding citizen-consumer behaviour from the perspective of evolutionary theory. The evolutionary theory of human nature shows that firstly, environmental concern is not a universal element across different cultures and secondly, that neglecting one's environmental harm through striving for individual accumulation of wealth is not a characteristic of human nature. Instead, it is social motivation, rather than rational choice that is the driving force behind human agency and recognizing the importance of social motivation is essential as a basis for the advancement of sustainable development and adaptation of the norms and practices of citizen-consumers, markets and politics. The book concludes by discussing how the evolutionary perspective on human behaviour can constitute the basis for the development of practical environmental projects and policies.
A selection of papers presented at the conference Expert Systems, Culture and Semiotics, held in Groningen, the Netherlands, December 1990. The volume is divided into three parts. The first part is about signs and representations, the second about reasoning and search, and the third about communicat