Judicial Reputation

A Comparative Theory

Author: Nuno Garoupa

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 272

View: 621

Judges are society’s elders and experts, our masters and mediators. We depend on them to dispense justice with integrity, deliberation, and efficiency. Yet judges, as Alexander Hamilton famously noted, lack the power of the purse or the sword. They must rely almost entirely on their reputations to secure compliance with their decisions, obtain resources, and maintain their political influence. In Judicial Reputation, Nuno Garoupa and Tom Ginsburg explain how reputation is not only an essential quality of the judiciary as a whole, but also of individual judges. Perceptions of judicial systems around the world range from widespread admiration to utter contempt, and as judges participate within these institutions some earn respect, while others are scorned. Judicial Reputation explores how judges respond to the reputational incentives provided by the different audiences they interact with—lawyers, politicians, the media, and the public itself—and how institutional structures mediate these interactions. The judicial structure is best understood not through the lens of legal culture or tradition, but through the economics of information and reputation. Transcending those conventional lenses, Garoupa and Ginsburg employ their long-standing research on the latter to examine the fascinating effects that governmental interactions, multicourt systems, extrajudicial work, and the international rule-of-law movement have had on the reputations of judges in this era.

Judges and Unjust Laws

Common Law Constitutionalism and the Foundations of Judicial Review

Author: Douglas E. Edlin

Publisher: University of Michigan Press

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 321

View: 369

"With keen insight into the common law mind, Edlin argues that there are rich resources within the law for judges to ground their opposition to morally outrageous laws, and a legal obligation on them to overturn it, consequent on the general common law obligation to develop the law. Thus, seriously unjust laws pose for common law judges a dilemma within the law, not just a moral challenge to the law, a conflict of obligations, not just a crisis of conscience. While rooted firmly in the history of common law jurisprudence, Edlin offers an entirely fresh perspective on an age-old jurisprudential conundrum. Edlin's case for his thesis is compelling." ---Gerald J. Postema, Cary C. Boshamer Professor of Philosophy and Professor of Law, University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill, and author of Bentham and the Common Law Tradition "Douglas Edlin builds a powerful historical, conceptual, and moral case for the proposition that judges on common law grounds should refuse to enforce unjust legislation. This is sure to be controversial in an age in which critics already excoriate judges for excessive activism when conducting constitutional judicial review. Edlin's challenge to conventional views is bold and compelling." ---Brian Z. Tamanaha, Chief Judge Benjamin N. Cardozo Professor of Law, St. John's University, and author of Law as a Means to an End: Threat to the Rule of Law "Professor Edlin's fascinating and well-researched distinction between constitutional review and common law review should influence substantially both scholarship on the history of judicial power in the United States and contemporary jurisprudential debates on the appropriate use of that power." ---Mark Graber, Professor of Law and Government, University of Maryland, and author of Dred Scott and the Problem of Constitutional Evil Is a judge legally obligated to enforce an unjust law? In Judges and Unjust Laws, Douglas E. Edlin uses case law analysis, legal theory, constitutional history, and political philosophy to examine the power of judicial review in the common law tradition. He finds that common law tradition gives judges a dual mandate: to apply the law and to develop it. There is no conflict between their official duty and their moral responsibility. Consequently, judges have the authority---perhaps even the obligation---to refuse to enforce laws that they determine unjust. As Edlin demonstrates, exploring the problems posed by unjust laws helps to illuminate the institutional role and responsibilities of common law judges. Douglas E. Edlin is Associate Professor of Political Science at Dickinson College.

Judging Civil Justice

Author: Hazel Genn

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 211

View: 304

A trenchant critique of developments in civil justice that questions modern orthodoxy and points to a downgrading of civil justice.

Judicial Conduct and Ethics

Author: James J. Alfini

Publisher: LexisNexis

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page:

View: 914

Judges are expected not simply to decide the law but to exemplify it. In the face of increasing public scrutiny and a welter of new decisions, even the best-intentioned judges can find themselves at a loss. Here is the authoritative, practical guidance you need to ensure judicial activities are irreproachable. Now in its fifth edition, Judicial Conduct and Ethics has established its reputation as the nation's most definitive guide to the conduct of federal, state, and local judges. The new edition, which keeps pace with recent developments in this fast-evolving field, builds on this tradition. Setting the stage with an illuminating discussion of the use of power, Judicial Conduct and Ethics addresses the complete spectrum of judicial conduct, including uses and abuses of judicial power, judicial demeanor, disqualification, ex parte communications, case management, financial activities and disclosure, civic and charitable activities, personal conduct, e political activities, civil and criminal liability, methods of discipline and removal, and disability and retirement. The book analyzes conduct that will subject judges to discipline under applicable codes of judicial conduct, and offers insights and advice on best practices. Some of the substantial new material added to this edition includes an appendix featuring an updated edition of the 2007 ABA Model Code of Judicial Conduct. Areas that have been substantially revised or expanded include: • The Appearance of Impropriety • Disqualification • Regulation of Political Activities in Judicial Elections • Personal Conduct and Social Media

Appellate Litigation

Author: Richardson R. Lynn

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Appellate procedure

Page: 462

View: 927

Judicial Review in International Perspective

Author: Gordon Slynn Baron Slynn of Hadley

Publisher: Kluwer Law International B.V.

ISBN:

Category: Law

Page: 523

View: 271

Lord Slynn of Hadley is one of the outstanding judges of his time. He has served as a High Court Judge, as an Advocate General and a Judge of the European Court of Justice, and he has been a Lord of Appeal for ten years. This Liber Amicorum bears testimony to the international reputation that he has achieved for his judgments and for his scholarship. In the many distinguished contributions, judges from international courts and from Supreme Courts and Constitutional Courts, together with academics from leading universities around the world, have taken the opportunity to celebrate the accomplishments of Lord Slynn's legal career thus far, and also to discuss areas of law where Lord Slynn can be expected to give important impulses to further development. `Mr Gordon Slynn was outstanding. The best I have ever known. He will go far.' Lord Denning, Master of the Rolls, 1980.