Conceptual Approaches to the Study of Wooden Ships
Author: Frederick M. Hocker
Publisher: Texas A&M University Press
This book is dedicated to J Richard Steffy, a leading figure in the study of ancient shipbuilding, and draws heavily upon his conceptual approach to ship design and construction which places emphasis on the shipwright's personality, culture, technical ability and experiences.
This amply illustrated, nontechnical book traces the evolution of the sailing ship over the course of 6,000 years — from those of ancient Egypt and Crete (4000-1000 B.C.) to the full-rigged clipper ships of the 19th century. The development of northern and southern European vessels is also described. 20 halftones and 134 figures.
Originally published in 1938, this book was written to provide an account of the historical development of naval and marine engineering. The material which formed the basis of the text was gathered together from a variety of sources during a period of approximately thirty years. Technical papers, presidential addresses, journals, textbooks, biographies, official regulations, personal letters, reminiscences and previously unpublished manuscripts were all drawn upon to illustrate the many aspects of naval and marine engineering. Numerous illustrative figures are included throughout. This book will be of value to anyone with an interest in the history of engineering.
A Guide to More Than 4000 Works on British Naval History 55BC – 1815
Author: Eugene Rasor
Publisher: Pen and Sword
This remarkable work is a comprehensive historiographical and bibliographical survey of the most important scholarly and printed materials about the naval and maritime history of England and Great Britain from the earliest times to 1815. More than 4,000 popular, standard and official histories, important articles in journals and periodicals, anthologies, conference, symposium and seminar papers, guides, documents and doctoral theses are covered so that the emphasis is the broadest possible. But the work is far, far more than a listing. The works are all evaluated, assessed and analysed and then integrated into an historical narrative that makes the book a hugely useful reference work for student, scholar, and enthusiast alike. It is divided into twenty-one chapters which cover resource centres, significant naval writers, pre-eminent and general histories, the chronological periods from Julius Caesar through the Vikings, Tudors and Stuarts to Nelson and Bligh, major naval personalities, warships, piracy, strategy and tactics, exploration, discovery and navigation, archaeology and even naval fiction. Quite simply, no-one with an interest and enthusiasm for naval history can afford to be without this book at their side.
The nautical dimension of prehistory has not so far received the attention it deserves. It is also too often assumed that early man was land bound, yet this is demonstrably not the case. Recent research has shown that man travelled and tracked over greater distances and at a much earlier date than has previously been thought possible. Some of these facts can be explained only by man's mastery of water transport from earliest times. This book, by an acknowledged expert on prehistoric sea-craft, examines these problems looking at the new archaeological information in the light of the author's nautical knowledge. The result is a detailed account of man's use of inland and ocean-going craft from earliest times until the dawn of recorded history. All forms of evidence are critically assessed, from the vessels of Ancient Egypt to the Chinese junk, to present of comprehensive picture of the vessels men have built through the ages, and of the variety of ways in which they have been used.
The Last American Slave Ship and the Conspiracy That Set Its Sails
Author: Erik Calonius
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
On Nov. 28, 1858, a ship called the Wanderer slipped silently into a coastal channel and unloaded its cargo of over 400 African slaves onto Jekyll Island, Georgia, thirty eight years after the African slave trade had been made illegal. It was the last ship ever to bring a cargo of African slaves to American soil. Built in 1856, the Wanderer began life as a luxury racing yacht, flying the pennant of the New York Yacht Club and cited as the successor to the famous yacht America. But within a year of its creation, the Wanderer was secretly converted into a slave ship, and, with the New York Yacht Club pennant still flying above as a diversion, sailed off to Africa. The Wanderer's mission was meant to be more than a slaving venture, however. It was designed by its radical conspirators to defy the federal government and speed the nation's descent into civil war. The New York Times first reported the story as a hoax; however, as groups of Africans began to appear in the small towns surrounding Savannah, the story of the Wanderer began to leak out; igniting a fire of protest and debate that made headlines throughout the nation and across the Atlantic. As the story shifts between Savannah, Jekyll Island, the Congo River, London, and New York City, the Wanderer's tale is played out in heated Southern courtrooms, the offices of the New York Times, The White House, the slave markets of Africa and some of the most charming homes Southern royalty had to offer. In a gripping account of the high seas and the high life in New York and Savannah, Erik Calonius brings to light one of the most important and little remembered stories of the Civil War period.
The French navy that fought in the Nine Years War was essentially Colbert's creation. Earlier in the century Richelieu had given France the beginnings of a navy: ships, ports, a corps of officers and an administra tive structure. But most of his work was undone by neglect in the years after his death, and the task of making France a maritime power had to begin again under Louis XIV. Colbert's efforts to build a navy were distinguished by the same stubborn energy that he brought to all his other tasks. Behind his desire for naval might lay his vision of France as the first commercial power in Europe, for he saw clearly that mercantile preponderance could never be achieved without the backing of a strong fleet of warships. Trade would follow the flag, as he believed it had for his envied models and perpetual rivals, the Dutch. Soon after Louis XIV's assumption of power, Colbert set about the enOImOUS labour of resurrecting the navy founded by Richelieu; he soon found that the task was really one of creation, virtually ex nihilo. Ships or built, sailors recruited, captains enticed home from were purchased service under foreign flags, bases planned and constructed, an adminis trative system established.
Publisher: International Marine Publishing Company
Category: Technology & Engineering
A History of Working Watercraft of the Western World is the culmination of more than 50 years of research by Thomas C. Gillmer, a world-renowned designer of yachts and historic replica ships, and an internationally recognized authority on the history of naval architecture. Aided by hundreds of rare photographs and the incomparable drawings of William Gilkerson and Tom Price, Gillmer documents the origins of European and North American workboats - humble craft whose history, lineage, and survival today provide important keys to understanding the emergence of Western Civilization. Gillmer brings into focus nearly 5,000 years of workboat evolution, tracing the development of boatbuilding techniques and the civilizations that produced them. He begins with the sea-going boats of the Minoans and the old Norse, and then explores the growth of boatbuilding technology in the separately evolving maritime cultures of Northern Europe, the British Isles, the Mediterranean, the Iberian Peninsula, and North America. When Working Watercraft was first published in 1972 it provided a historic record of these humble workboats that has yet to be equaled, and was hailed as "a book to treasure" by Nautical Magazine. Motor Boating & Sailing said "all of us owe Mr. Gillmer a debt of gratitude for his thoughtful record." Since then, the body of maritime knowledge has expanded enormously, bringing new light to Gillmer's original research. Technological innovations have given underwater archaeologists new capabilities, allowing them to reach into depths that had been a secure vault of the unknown. One group has recently recovered a cargo ship that sank in the eastern Mediterranean during the Bronze Age - before Hercules was conceived or Ulysses sailed for Troy. Archaeologists revealed that the wooden hull had a keel - the center structural beam that did not exist in any contemporary Egyptian ships. And knowledge of Norse watercraft - limited before 1972 to only two ships - has been expanded greatly with the discovery of five ships in a Danish fjord near Roskilde. A strong thread runs through the evolution of the West's maritime cultures; old methods of boatbuilding and design can still be seen in existing craft, but the thread is becoming frayed. Some of the existing craft Gillmer wrote about as recently as 1972 are now gone. Working Watercraft is a record of vanishing and vanished boats of historic significance - the story of Western Civilization as told by its everyday working craft.