The remains of a Bronze Age boat discovered in Dover in 1992 was one of the most important British archaeological finds of the later twentieth century. The complex, perfectly preserved sewn-plank boat, dating from the second millennium BC, was not only a remarkable find in its own right but it also alluded to a highly sophisticated society that made and used the boat more than three and a half millennia ago. The authors build a picture of what life was like at the time that the Dover boat set sail, from its marine environment and seaworthiness, boat-building techniques and materials, to the possible social and religious perceptions of boats and sea voyages more generally. They explore the implications of the discovery for Bronze Age society, water transport and cultural contact in a European context, from the shores of Britain, through northern and central Europe, to the eastern Mediterranean and beyond.
Tells the dramatic story of the discovery in 1992 of the perfectly preserved remains of a large prehistoric, sewn plank boat in Dover, a unique find of a boat capable of cross-channel sailing.It includes carefully researched reconstruction drawings.
New and exciting discoveries on either side of the English Channel in recent years have begun to show that people living in the coastal zones of Belgium, southern Britain, northern France and the Netherlands shared a common material culture during the Bronze Age, between three and four thousand years ago. They used similar styles of pottery and metalwork, lived in the same kind of houses and buried their dead in the same kind of tombs, often quite different to those used by their neighbours further inland. The sea did not appear to be a barrier to these people but rather a highway, connecting communities in a unique cultural identity; the 'People of La Manche'. Symbolic of these maritime Bronze Age Connections is the iconic Dover Bronze Age boat, one of Europe's greatest prehistoric discoveries and testament to the skill and technical sophistication of our Bronze Age ancestors. This monograph presents papers from a conference held in Dover in 2006 organised by the Dover Bronze Age Boat Trust, which brought together scholars from many different countries to explore and celebrate these ancient seaborne contacts. Twelve wide-ranging chapters explore themes of travel, exchange, production, magic and ritual that throw new light on our understanding of the seafaring peoples of the second millennium BC.
The Oxford Handbook of the European Bronze Age is a wide-ranging survey of a crucial period in prehistory during which many social, economic, and technological changes took place. Written by expert specialists in the field, the book provides coverage both of the themes that characterize the period, and of the specific developments that took place in the various countries of Europe. After an introduction and a discussion of chronology, successive chapters deal with settlement studies, burial analysis, hoards and hoarding, monumentality, rock art, cosmology, gender, and trade, as well as a series of articles on specific technologies and crafts (such as transport, metals, glass, salt, textiles, and weighing). The second half of the book covers each country in turn. From Ireland to Russia, Scandinavia to Sicily, every area is considered, and up to date information on important recent finds is discussed in detail. The book is the first to consider the whole of the European Bronze Age in both geographical and thematic terms, and will be the standard book on the subject for the foreseeable future.
As the essays in this book demonstrate, Prehistoric and Romano-British landscape studies have come a long way since Hoskins, whose work reflected the prevailing 'Celtic' ethnological narrative of Britain before the medieval period. The contributors present a stimulating survey of the subject as it is in the early twenty-first century, and provide some sense of a research frontier where new conceptualisations of 'otherness' and new research techniques are transforming our understanding.
Drawing upon on a wealth of knowledge, discovery, research, and technical advances, this historical book dispels the common misconception of the "Dark Ages" as an era of chaos and violence. Redefining everything from the role of the Vikings to the supposed rigidity of the feudal system, this eminent archaeologist demolishes many of the myths about medieval Britain. Readers will learn that the Middle Ages were far from static; the two centuries following the Black Death epidemic of 1348, were a time of diversity, transition, and growth. Engaging and scholarly, this book reintroduces the reader to an era that gave birth to the modern world.
Land Division and Identity in Later Prehistoric Dartmoor, South-West Britain
Author: Helen Wickstead
Publisher: British Archaeological Reports Limited
Category: Social Science
A study of tenure through analysis of land divisions in Bronze Age Dartmoor. Methods used include spatial analysis of land division and settlement patterns, metrological analysis, experimental reconstruction and synthesis of palaeoenvironmental, excavation and artefactual data.
"Land, Power and Prestige is a study of Bronze Age rectilinear field systems in Lowland England, made possible by the rapid pace of discovery in developer-funded work. A major phase of economic expansion occurred in Southern England during the late second and early first millennium B.C., accompanied by a fundamental shift in regional power and wealth towards the eastern lowlands. The study draws on a substantial body of commercial reports or "grey literature", to examine the correlation between enclosed landscapes, high status compounds and concentrations of metalwork deposition. It shows that during the Later Bronze Age (1500-700 B.C.) gridded landscapes were created in the context of a politically dominant English Channel-North Sea region. Recent discoveries show both the scale of Bronze Age enclosure and the sophistication of animal husbandry in these formal landscapes."--
Distinguished archaeologist Cunliffe views Europe not in terms of states and shifting political land boundaries but as a geographical niche particularly favored in facing many seas, in this history that presents an engaging new understanding of Old Europe.
Kent's proximity to the European mainland has meant that it has always had a special relationship with its continental neighbours. At times this has been a positive force, with Kent a conduit for trade and new ideas, but on other occasions the white cliffs of Dover have symbolised defiance, with Kent being in the front line in the defence of England. The result has been an extremely rich archaeological heritage from Palaeolithic times onwards. The opening up of the Channel Tunnel and the construction of the associated high-speed railway line linking England and France, together with major development activity associated with an agenda for regeneration and economic growth, has resulted in unprecedented archaeological activity which has revolutionised our understanding of Kent's earlier past. The contributors to this volume, all of whom have specialist research interests in Kent, have combined established wisdom with the fresh information from recent work to create a new and exciting story. Contributors: TIMOTHY CHAMPION, MARTIN MILLETT, MARTIN WELCH AND FRANCIS WENBAN-SMITH.
Jersey, Guernsey and Alderney lie off the western coast of the Cotentin peninsula of Normandy in France and some 120km from mainland Britain. Strategically placed in the western channel, yet subject to very large tidal ranges and dangerous currents, the islands have been occupied for over 250,000 years. As a result they are rich in archaeological and historical sites and monuments. Many excavations have taken place over the last 20 years, the results of which have contributed to new evidence, particularly in relation to the Mesolithic, Roman and medieval periods. This book describes the archaeological record of the Channel Islands from their early prehistory to the medieval period. Heather Sebire has lived in Guernsey since 1978. After graduating from London University she worked in archaeology in London and Wessex before moving to Guernsey. She was secretary of La Societe Guernesiasie Archaeology Group for many years and participated in much of the rescue archaeology that took place on the island. Since 1995 she has held the post of Archaeology Officer at Guernsey Museum and has written and broadcast about the archaeology of Guernsey and the other islands since that time.
Archaeologists have traditionally considered islands as distinct physical and social entities. In this book, Paul Rainbird discusses the historical construction of this characterization and questions the basis for such an understanding of island archaeology. Through a series of case studies of prehistoric archaeology in the Mediterranean, Pacific, Baltic, and Atlantic seas and oceans, he argues for a decentering of the land in favor of an emphasis on the archaeology of the sea and, ultimately, a new perspective on the making of maritime communities. The archaeology of islands is thus unshackled from approaches that highlight boundedness and isolation, and replaced with a new set of principles - that boundaries are fuzzy, islanders are distinctive in their expectation of contacts with people from over the seas, and that island life can tell us much about maritime communities. Debating islands, thus, brings to the fore issues of identity and community and a concern with Western construction of other peoples.