The Digital Mind

How Science is Redefining Humanity

Author: Arlindo Oliveira

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 344

View: 667

How developments in science and technology may enable the emergence of purely digital minds -- intelligent machines equal to or greater in power than the human brain.

Quantitative Analysis for System Applications

Data Science and Analytics Tools and Techniques

Author: Daniel A. McGrath, Ph.D.

Publisher: Technics Publications

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 294

View: 719

As data holdings get bigger and questions get harder, data scientists and analysts must focus on the systems, the tools and techniques, and the disciplined process to get the correct answer, quickly! Whether you work within industry or government, this book will provide you with a foundation to successfully and confidently process large amounts of quantitative data. Here are just a dozen of the many questions answered within these pages: What does quantitative analysis of a system really mean? What is a system? What are big data and analytics? How do you know your numbers are good? What will the future data science environment look like? How do you determine data provenance? How do you gather and process information, and then organize, store, and synthesize it? How does an organization implement data analytics? Do you really need to think like a Chief Information Officer? What is the best way to protect data? What makes a good dashboard? What is the relationship between eating ice cream and getting attacked by a shark? The nine chapters in this book are arranged in three parts that address systems concepts in general, tools and techniques, and future trend topics. Systems concepts include contrasting open and closed systems, performing data mining and big data analysis, and gauging data quality. Tools and techniques include analyzing both continuous and discrete data, applying probability basics, and practicing quantitative analysis such as descriptive and inferential statistics. Future trends include leveraging the Internet of Everything, modeling Artificial Intelligence, and establishing a Data Analytics Support Office (DASO). Many examples are included that were generated using common software, such as Excel, Minitab, Tableau, SAS, and Crystal Ball. While words are good, examples can sometimes be a better teaching tool. For each example included, data files can be found on the companion website. Many of the data sets are tied to the global economy because they use data from shipping ports, air freight hubs, largest cities, and soccer teams. The appendices contain more detailed analysis including the 10 T’s for Data Mining, Million Row Data Audit (MRDA) Processes, Analysis of Rainfall, and Simulation Models for Evaluating Traffic Flow.

The Technical Image

A History of Styles in Scientific Imagery

Author: Horst Bredekamp

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 208

View: 757

In science and technology, the images used to depict ideas, data, and reactions can be as striking and explosive as the concepts and processes they embody—both works of art and generative forces in their own right. Drawing on a close dialogue between the histories of art, science, and technology, The Technical Image explores these images not as mere illustrations or examples, but as productive agents and distinctive, multilayered elements of the process of generating knowledge. Using beautifully reproduced visuals, this book not only reveals how scientific images play a constructive role in shaping the findings and insights they illustrate, but also—however mechanical or detached from individual researchers’ choices their appearances may be—how they come to embody the styles of a period, a mindset, a research collective, or a device. Opening with a set of key questions about artistic representation in science, technology, and medicine, The Technical Image then investigates historical case studies focusing on specific images, such as James Watson’s models of genes, drawings of Darwin’s finches, and images of early modern musical automata. These case studies in turn are used to illustrate broad themes ranging from “Digital Images” to “Objectivity and Evidence” and to define and elaborate upon fundamental terms in the field. Taken as a whole, this collection will provide analytical tools for the interpretation and application of scientific and technological imagery.

Visual Interface Design for Digital Cultural Heritage

A Guide to Rich-prospect Browsing

Author: Stan Ruecker

Publisher: Ashgate Publishing, Ltd.

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 197

View: 837

Browsing for information with a rich-prospect interface enables a researcher to use a highly-flexible, intuitive tool to assist hypothesis formation and pattern-finding. This book discusses the interface design, with examples of how it can be done, and demonstrates its importance to all aspects of library and information science in the digital age.

The NewMediaReader

Author: Noah Wardrip-Fruin

Publisher: MIT Press

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 823

View: 624

A sourcebook of historical written texts, video documentation, and working programs that form the foundation of new media. This reader collects the texts, videos, and computer programs--many of them now almost impossible to find--that chronicle the history and form the foundation of the still-emerging field of new media. General introductions by Janet Murray and Lev Manovich, along with short introductions to each of the texts, place the works in their historical context and explain their significance. The texts were originally published between World War II--when digital computing, cybernetic feedback, and early notions of hypertext and the Internet first appeared--and the emergence of the World Wide Web--when they entered the mainstream of public life. The texts are by computer scientists, artists, architects, literary writers, interface designers, cultural critics, and individuals working across disciplines. The contributors include (chronologically) Jorge Luis Borges, Vannevar Bush, Alan Turing, Ivan Sutherland, William S. Burroughs, Ted Nelson, Italo Calvino, Marshall McLuhan, Jean Baudrillard, Nicholas Negroponte, Alan Kay, Bill Viola, Sherry Turkle, Richard Stallman, Brenda Laurel, Langdon Winner, Robert Coover, and Tim Berners-Lee. The CD accompanying the book contains examples of early games, digital art, independent literary efforts, software created at universities, and home-computer commercial software. Also on the CD is digitized video, documenting new media programs and artwork for which no operational version exists. One example is a video record of Douglas Engelbart's first presentation of the mouse, word processor, hyperlink, computer-supported cooperative work, video conferencing, and the dividing up of the screen we now call non-overlapping windows; another is documentation of Lynn Hershman's Lorna, the first interactive video art installation.

Communication and cyberspace

social interaction in an electronic environment

Author: Lance Strate

Publisher: Hampton Press (NJ)

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 404

View: 133

Information Literacy and Information Skills Instruction

Applying Research to Practice in the School Library Media Center

Author: Nancy Pickering Thomas

Publisher: Libraries Unltd Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Language Arts & Disciplines

Page: 225

View: 651

In this new edition of her well received and reviewed book, Nancy Pickering Thomas updates and expands on her reviews of the literature concerning learning styles, information skills, literacy skills, technological literacy, and bibliographic instruction. In addition, she discusses current trends, issues, and applications for the research reviewed. Thomas looks at information processing models, instructional diagnostic models, and how to assess the outcomes of information skills instruction. This meticulously researched and logically organized book will be valuable to school library educators as a supplemental text and to practitioners for the discussion given to the application of the research reviewed.

The Longman Anthology of World Literature

Author: David Damrosch

Publisher: Longman Publishing Group

ISBN:

Category: Literary Collections

Page: 1158

View: 728

*Damrosch, 0-321-05536-5, The Longman Anthology of World Literature, Volume F*?The Longman Anthology of World Literature, Volume F offers a fresh presentation of the varieties of world literature from the 20th Century. The editors of the anthology have sought to find economical ways to place texts within their cultural contexts, and have selected and grouped our materials in ways intended to foster connections and conversations across the anthology, between eras as well as regions. The anthology includes epic, lyric poetry, drama, and prose narrative, with many works in their entirety. Classic major authors are presented together with more recently recovered voices as the editors seek to suggest something of the full literary dialogue of each region and period. Engaging introductions, scholarly annotations, regional maps, pronunciation guides, and illustrations provide a supportive editorial setting. For anyone interested in world literature.