THE DESCENT OF MAN I When Professor Linyard came back from his holiday in the Maine woods the air of rejuvenation he brought with him was due less to the influences of the climate than to the companionship he had enjoyed on his travels. To Mrs. Linyard's observant eye he had appeared to set out alone; but an invisible traveller had in fact accompanied him, and if his heart beat high it was simply at the pitch of his adventure: for the Professor had eloped with an idea. No one who has not tried the experiment can divine its exhilaration. Professor Linyard would not have changed places with any hero of romance pledged to a flesh-and-blood abduction. The most fascinating female is apt to be encumbered with luggage and scruples: to take up a good deal of room in the present and overlap inconveniently into the future; whereas an idea can accommodate itself to a single molecule of the brain or expand to the circumference of the horizon. The Professor's companion had to the utmost this quality of adaptability. As the express train whirled him away from the somewhat inelastic circle of Mrs. Linyard's affections, his idea seemed to be sitting opposite him, and their eyes met every moment or two in a glance of joyous complicity; yet when a friend of the family presently joined him and began to talk about college matters, the idea slipped out of sight in a flash, and the Professor would have had no difficulty in proving that he was alone.
Darwin and the Theory of Sexual Selection in American Fiction, 1871-1926
Author: Bert Bender
Publisher: University of Pennsylvania Press
Category: Literary Criticism
These authors embraced and incorporated Darwin's theories, insights, and language, creating an increasingly dark and violent view of sexual love in American realist literature. In The Descent of Love, Bender carefully rereads the works of William Dean Howells, Henry James, Elizabeth Stuart Phelps, Sarah Orne Jewett, Kate Chopin, Harold Frederic, Charles W. Chesnutt, Edith Wharton, and Ernest Hemingway, teasing from them a startling but utterly convincing preoccupation with questions of sexual selection. Competing for readership as novelists who best grasped the "real" nature of human love, these writers also participated in a heated social debate over racial and sexual differences and the nature of sex itself. Influenced more by The Descent of Man than by the Origin of Species, Bender's novelists built upon Darwin's anthropological and zoological materials to anatomize their characters' courtship behavior, returning consistently to concerns with physical beauty, natural dominance, and the power to select a mate.
Darwin, Science, and Women's Rights in Gilded Age America
Author: Kimberly A. Hamlin
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
From Eve to Evolution provides the first full-length study of American women’s responses to evolutionary theory and illuminates the role science played in the nineteenth-century women’s rights movement. Kimberly A. Hamlin reveals how a number of nineteenth-century women, raised on the idea that Eve’s sin forever fixed women’s subordinate status, embraced Darwinian evolution—especially sexual selection theory as explained in The Descent of Man—as an alternative to the creation story in Genesis. Hamlin chronicles the lives and writings of the women who combined their enthusiasm for evolutionary science with their commitment to women’s rights, including Antoinette Brown Blackwell, Eliza Burt Gamble, Helen Hamilton Gardener, Charlotte Perkins Gilman, and Elizabeth Cady Stanton. These Darwinian feminists believed evolutionary science proved that women were not inferior to men, that it was natural for mothers to work outside the home, and that women should control reproduction. The practical applications of this evolutionary feminism came to fruition, Hamlin shows, in the early thinking and writing of the American birth control pioneer Margaret Sanger. Much scholarship has been dedicated to analyzing what Darwin and other male evolutionists had to say about women, but very little has been written regarding what women themselves had to say about evolution. From Eve to Evolution adds much-needed female voices to the vast literature on Darwin in America.
Born into the "hoi polloi" of New York society in 1862, Edith Wharton married in 1885, and that marriage was a disappointment -- she may well have been born and bred to be a society wife, but she was a woman with "talent," and it was a talent that would not leave her in peace. She published her first story in 1889, and numerous books in the years that followed. Among those books were "The Touchstone" (1900), "Crucial Instances" (1901), "The Valley of Decision" (1902), "Sanctuary" (1903), "The House of Mirth" (1905), "The Fruit of the Tree" (1907), "Madame de Treymes" (1907), "Ethan Frome" (1911), "The Reef" (1912), "The Custom of the Country" (1913), "Summer" (1917), "The Marne" (1918), "The Age of Innocence" (1920), "The Glimpses of The Moon" (1922), "A Son At The Front" (1923), "False Dawn" (1924), "New Year's Day" (1924), "The Old Maid" (1924) (with Zoe Akins), "The Spark" (1924), "The Mother's Recompense" (1925), "Twilight Sleep" (1927), "The Children" (1928) aka "The Marriage Playground," "Hudson River Bracketed" (1929), "Certain People" (1930), "The Gods Arrive" (1932), and "Human Nature" (1933). In 1913 the Whartons divorced, and Edith took up permanent residence in France. She lived there until she passed, in 1937.
This new volume in the Author Chronology series illuminates the writing of Edith Wharton by detailing her experiences and placing her in her social context. Edith Wharton was a prolific as well as a many-sided writer, who created not only novels, novellas, short stories, and poems, but also a notable series of travel writings, and did translations, pieces for the theatre, and essays on other writers and their works, as well as on the creation and criticism of fiction.This account of Wharton's personal and professional life provides an invaluable insight into an important American woman writer of the Twentieth Century.
The Pulitzer Prize-winning author Edith Wharton created a diverse body of works, featuring innovative novels, short stories, poetry and non-fiction, demonstrating her inimitable wit and psychological insight. This comprehensive eBook offers readers the unique opportunity of exploring Edith Wharton’s complete works for the first time in publishing history. (Version 5) Features: * illustrated with many images relating to Wharton’s life and works * annotated with concise introductions to the novels, novellas and other works * ALL 18 novels, each with contents tables * INCLUDES the rare first novel FAST AND LOOSE, which Wharton wrote aged 14 – first time in digital print * EVEN contains the Wharton’s unfinished novel THE BUCCANEERS, available nowhere else * images of how the novels first appeared, giving your eReader a taste of the original texts * ALL 12 short story collections, with RARE uncollected tales available nowhere else * separate chronological and alphabetical contents tables for the short stories – find that special story easily! * the war novella THE MARNE, first time in digital print * EVEN includes Wharton’s rare non-fiction texts, including THE DECORATION OF HOUSES, her groundbreaking manual on interior design – fully illustrated * ALSO includes Wharton’s European and African travel books, with numerous original illustrations * includes Wharton’s play THE JOY OF LIVING, translated from German * features the complete poetry with rare poems available for the first time in digital print * also includes Wharton autobiography A BACKWARD GLANCE – explore her amazing literary life * scholarly ordering of texts into chronological order and literary genres, allowing easy navigation around Wharton’s immense oeuvre Please visit www.delphiclassics.com to browse through our range of exciting titles CONTENTS: The Novels Fast And Loose The Valley Of Decision Sanctuary The House of Mirth The fruit of THE TREE Ethan Frome The Reef The custom of the country Summer The age of innocence The glimpses of the moon A son at the front The mother’s recompense Twilight sleep The Children Hudson River Bracketed The Gods Arrive The Buccaneers The Novellas The Touchstone Madame de treymes The marne Old new york False dawn The old maid The spark New year’s day The Short Story Collections The Greater Inclination Crucial Instances The descent of man and other stories The hermit and the wild woman and stories Tales of men and ghosts Uncollected early short stories Xingu and other stories Here and beyond Certain people Human nature The world over Ghosts The Short Stories List of stories in chronological order List of stories in alphabetical order The Play The Joy Of Living The Poetry Artemis to Actaeon and other verses Uncollected poetry Alphabetical list of poems The Non-Fiction THE DECORATION OF HOUSES Italian villas and their gardens Italian Backgrounds A Motor-Flight Through France France, From Dunkerque To Belfort French ways and their meaning In Morocco The Writing Of Fiction The Biography A Backward Glance Please visit www.delphiclassics.com to browse through our range of exciting titles
Turn-of-the-Century American Women Writers and British Reviewers
Author: Stephanie Palmer
Category: Literary Criticism
Transatlantic Footholds: Turn-of-the-Century American Women Writers and British Reviewers analyses British reviews of American women fiction writers, essayists and poets between the periods of literary domesticity and modernism. The book demonstrates that a variety of American women writers were intelligently read in Britain during this era. British reviewers read American women as literary artists, as women and as Americans. While their notion of who counted as "women" was too limited by race and class, they eagerly read these writers for insight about how women around the world were entering debates on women’s place, the class struggle, religion, Indian policy, childrearing, and high society. In the process, by reading American women in varied ways, reviewers became hybrid and dissenting readers. The taste among British reviewers for American women’s books helped change the predominant direction that high culture flowed across the Atlantic from east-to-west to west-to-east. Britons working in London or far afield were deeply invested in the idea of "America." "America," their responses prove, is a transnational construct.
This book represents the first comprehensive collection of contemporary reviews of the writing of Edith Wharton from the 1890s until her death in 1937. Many of the reviews are reprinted from hard-to-locate contemporary newspapers and periodicals. In addition, lists of other reviews not presented here are provided. These materials document the response of the reviewers to specific titles and indicate the development of Wharton's reputation as a novelist, short story writer, travel writer, and autobiographer.
Professor Beer's study provides an introduction to the whole range of Edith Wharton's work in the novel, short story, novella, travel writing, criticism and autobiography. The opening chapter provides an overview of recent scholarship in Wharton studies including an appraisal of biographical texts, and subsequent chapters treat recurrent themes and ideas in her fiction and non-fiction, and the American and European context of her work. The major novels, as well as those less well-known, are discussed as are: contemporary reception of her work, American responses to her expatriation, her friendships with the leading artists of her day, and the influence of the First World War on her work.