In this ground-breaking book, Cambridge-trained sociologist Anthony Elliott argues that much of what passes for conventional wisdom about artificial intelligence is either ill-considered or plain wrong. The reason? The AI revolution is not so much about cyborgs and super-robots in the future, but rather massive changes in the here-and-now of everyday life. In The Culture of AI, Elliott explores how intelligent machines, advanced robotics, accelerating automation, big data and the Internet of Everything impact upon day-to-day life and contemporary societies. With remarkable clarity and insight, Elliott’s examination of the reordering of everyday life highlights the centrality of AI to everything we do – from receiving Amazon recommendations to requesting Uber, and from getting information from virtual personal assistants to talking with chatbots. The rise of intelligent machines transforms the global economy and threatens jobs, but equally there are other major challenges to contemporary societies – although these challenges are unfolding in complex and uneven ways across the globe. The Culture of AI explores technological innovations from industrial robots to softbots, and from self-driving cars to military drones – and along the way provides detailed treatments of: The history of AI and the advent of the digital universe; automated technology, jobs and employment; the self and private life in times of accelerating machine intelligence; AI and new forms of social interaction; automated vehicles and new warfare; and, the future of AI. Written by one of the world’s foremost social theorists, The Culture of AI is a major contribution to the field and a provocative reflection on one of the most urgent issues of our time. It will be essential reading to those working in a wide variety of disciplines including sociology, science and technology studies, politics, and cultural studies.
This book is a critique of Artificial Intelligence (AI) from the perspective of cognitive science – it seeks to examine what we have learned about human cognition from AI successes and failures. The book's goal is to separate those 'AI dreams' that either have been or could be realized from those that are constructed through discourse and are unrealizable. AI research has advanced many areas that are intellectually compelling and holds great promise for advances in science, engineering, and practical systems. After the 1980s, however, the field has often struggled to deliver widely on these promises. This book breaks new ground by analyzing how some of the driving dreams of people practicing AI research become valued contributions, while others devolve into unrealized and unrealizable projects.
Originally published in 1987 when Artificial Intelligence (AI) was one of the most hotly debated subjects of the moment; there was widespread feeling that it was a field whose ‘time had come’, that intelligent machines lay ‘just around the corner’. Moreover, with the onset of the revolution in information technology and the proclamation from all corners that we were moving into an ‘information society’, developments in AI and advanced computing were seen in many countries as having both strategic and economic importance. Yet, aside from the glare of publicity that tends to surround new scientific ideas or technologies, it must be remembered that AI was a relative newcomer among the sciences; that it had often been the subject of bitter controversy; and that though it had been promising to create intelligent machines for some 40 years prior to publication, many believe that it had actually displayed very little substantive progress. With this background in mind, the aim of this collection of essays was to take a novel look at AI. Rather than following the path of old well-trodden arguments about definitions of intelligence or the status of computer chess programs, the objective was to bring new perspectives to the subject in order to present it in a different light. Indeed, instead of simply adding to the endless wrangling ‘for’ and ‘against’ AI, the source of such divisions is made a topic for analysis in its own right. Drawing on ideas from the philosophy and sociology of scientific knowledge, this collection therefore broke new ground. Moreover, although a great deal had been written about the social and cultural impact of AI, little had been said of the culture of AI scientists themselves – including their discourse and style of thought, as well as the choices, judgements, negotiations and competitive struggles for resources that had shaped the genesis and development of the paradigmatic structure of their discipline at the time. Yet, sociologists of science have demonstrated that the analysis of factors such as these is a necessary part of understanding the development of scientific knowledge. Hence, it was hoped that this collection would help to redress the imbalance and provide a broader and more interesting picture of AI.
32nd Annual German Conference on AI, Paderborn, Germany, September 15-18, 2009, Proceedings
Author: Bärbel Mertsching
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This book constitutes the thoroughly refereed proceedings of the 32nd Annual German Conference on Artificial Intelligence, KI 2009, held in Paderborn, Germany, in September 2009. The 76 revised full papers presented together with 15 posters were carefully reviewed and selected from 126 submissions. The papers are divided in topical sections on planning and scheduling; vision and perception; machine learning and data mining; evolutionary computing; natural language processing; knowledge representation and reasoning; cognition; history and philosophical foundations; AI and engineering; automated reasoning; spatial and temporal reasoning; agents and intelligent virtual environments; experience adn knowledge management; and robotics.
"This volume takes a look at the Al Jazeera Satellite Channel, a pan-Arab satellite broadcaster known for its programming, graphic visuals and anti-western broadcasting. Focusing on critical success factors and cultural impact, it examines the distinct va
"This book addresses the need for scholarly exploration of the cultural and social impact of the rapid expansion of artificial intelligence in the field of education. It also investigates issues related to the ethical dimension of design and development in cyber technologies"--
The subject of sex was central to early Chinese thought. Discussed openly and seriously as a fundamental topic of human speculation, it was an important source of imagery and terminology that informed the classical Chinese conception of social and political relationships. This sophisticated and long-standing tradition, however, has been all but neglected by modern historians. In The Culture of Sex in Ancient China, Paul Rakita Goldin addresses central issues in the history of Chinese attitudes toward sex and gender from 500 B.C. to A.D. 400. A survey of major pre-imperial sources, including some of the most revered and influential texts in the Chinese tradition, reveals the use of the image of copulation as a metaphor for various human relations, such as those between a worshiper and his or her deity or a ruler and his subjects. In his examination of early Confucian views of women, Goldin notes that, while contradictions and ambiguities existed in the articulation of these views, women were nevertheless regarded as full participants in the Confucian project of self-transformation. He goes on to show how assumptions concerning the relationship of sexual behavior to political activity (assumptions reinforced by the habitual use of various literary tropes discussed earlier in the book) led to increasing attempts to regulate sexual behavior throughout the Han dynasty. Following the fall of the Han, this ideology was rejected by the aristocracy, who continually resisted claims of sovereignty made by impotent emperors in a succession of short-lived dynasties. Erudite and immensely entertaining, this study of intellectual conceptions of sex and sexuality in China will be welcomed by students and scholars of early China and by those with an interest in the comparative development of ancient cultures.
"This book provides a dynamic and comprehensive interprofessional approach to building a culture of safety by using simulation across clinical and education spheres in healthcare... This is a comprehensive guide and resource for healthcare organizations, educators, and diverse interprofessional healthcare team members to use to improve patient safety efforts to adapt to the ever-changing, complex world of healthcare. Its practical application is pertinent in transforming the education and practice of medicine, nursing, and other health-related fields... Weighted Numerical Score: 99 - 5 Stars!" Patricia West, MS, BSN Michigan State University College of Nursing Doody's Medical Reviews ì[The authors] have brought together a core group of national leaders to produce what I think is a paradigm-busting book that will help to transform education at the graduate level in medicine, nursing, and all related fields. The book speaks expertly about the high fidelity of simulation training, the need for synthetic models, the adult learning theory behind the debriefÖit is a manifesto about where we must go as an interprofessional team, caring for the patient of the future.î From the Foreword, by David B. Nash, MD, MBA Dean, Jefferson School of Population Health Philadelphia, PA This groundbreaking book reflects the accomplishments of an internationally recognized leader of innovation regarding interprofessional clinical learning through simulation. Based on the North Shore-LIJ Health System corporate university experience, the book describes how this organization used simulation to successfully tackle the major interprofessional health issue of our time: patient safety. This health system created a transformative simulation center that involves nurses, doctors, and related health professionals whose work in clinical teams has resulted in measurable improvements in all aspects of clinical decision-making, critical thinking, teamwork, and communication skillsótoward the ultimate goal of improved patient safety. Key Features: Describes in detail a groundbreaking system of achieving patient safety that uses interprofessional clinical learning through simulation Detailed case studies using concrete methods and examples illustrate the application of theory to practice Presents simulations scalable to any size organization and for use by health care professionals in all specialties Includes theoretical foundations and practical applications for teaching and learning Focuses on interprofessional cooperation and learning
Ours is the age of celebrity. An inescapable aspect of daily life in our media-saturated societies of the twenty-first century, celebrity is celebrated for its infinite plasticity and glossy seductions. But there is also a darker side. Celebrity culture is littered from end to end with addictions, pathologies, neuroses, even suicides. Why, as a society, are we held in thrall to celebrity? What is the power of celebrity in a world of increasing consumerism, individualism and globalization? Routledge Handbook of Celebrity Studies, edited by acclaimed social theorist Anthony Elliott, offers a remarkably clear overview of the analysis of celebrity in the social sciences and humanities, and in so doing seeks to develop a new agenda for celebrity studies. The key theories of celebrity, ranging from classical sociological accounts to critical theory, and from media studies to postmodern approaches, are drawn together and critically appraised. There are substantive chapters looking at fame, renown and celebrity in terms of the media industries, pop music, the makeover industries, soap stars, fans and fandom as well as the rise of non-Western forms of celebrity. The Handbook also explores in detail the institutional aspects of celebrity, and especially new forms of mediated action and interaction. From Web 3.0 to social media, the culture of celebrity is fast redefining the public political sphere. Throughout this volume, there is a strong emphasis on interdisciplinarity with chapters covering sociology, cultural studies, psychology, politics and history. Written in a clear and direct style, this handbook will appeal to a wide undergraduate audience. The extensive references and sources will direct students to areas of further study.