Most people believe the Bible teaches that we will go to either heaven or hell at death. They might be surprised at what it really says! -- Inside this booklet: -- The Biblical Truth About the Immortal Soul -- The History of the Immortal-Soul Teaching -- The Spirit in Man -- Will a Loving God Punish People Forever in Hell? -- Lazarus and the Rich Man: Proof of Heaven and Hell? -- Are Some Tortured Forever in a Lake of Fire? -- Will the Torment of the Wicked Last Forever? -- Does the Bible Speak of Hellfire That Lasts Forever? -- Is Heaven God's Reward for the Righteous? -- Ancient Pagan Belief in Heaven -- Paul's Desire to "Depart and Be With Christ" -- Did Elijah Go to Heaven? -- Was Enoch Taken to Heaven? -- The Thief on the Cross -- Are There Saved Human Beings in Heaven? -- The Resurrection: God's Promise of Life After Death -- Your Awesome Future
Hell: The word means terror, darkness, and eternal separation from God. Some people think the Bible is clear about hell, but what if they're mistaken? With gripping narrative and solid scholarship, Sweeney charts hell's "evolution" from the Old Testament underworld Sheol, through history and literature, to the greatest influencer of all: Dante's Inferno. He reveals how the modern idea of hell is based mostly on Dante's imaginative genius-but in the process, he offers a more constructive understanding of the afterlife than ever before. Disturbing and enthralling, Sweeney will forever alter what we think happens to us after we die-and more importantly, he will make us reconsider how we live.
This is part of my "What Does the Bible Say About..." series.This is moreso than not a linguistics study since in some English versions of the Bible the words heaven and hell are used to render various Hebrew and Greek words.Chapter heading are: Do the Dead Know Nothing?HeavenAbraham's BosomParadiseSheolGehennaHadesHellSecond DeathLake of FireAbyss/Bottomless Pit/TartarusThe Kingdom of HeavenThe Kingdom of GodNew HeavensI have told you earthly things, and ye believe not, how shall ye believe, if I tell you of heavenly things?-Jesus, John 3:12#Bible #Heaven #Hell #Theology #After
In 40 Questions About Heaven and Hell, Alan Gomes surveys the Old and New Testaments to present a comprehensive picture of the afterlife. The question-and-answer format makes it easy to find answers to specific questions on heaven, hell, the intermediate state, the final judgment, and life in eternity. Readers will find solid answers to many vital questions: · What should we conclude about those who claim to have seen heaven or hell? · Is it possible for us to communicate with the dead? · Is there such a place as purgatory? · What will our resurrected bodies be like? · What will we do in the eternal state? · Will there be animals in the eternal state? · What is hell like? · How can a God of love send people to an eternal hell? · Did Jesus "descend into hell" like the Apostles' Creed says? Study notes point to additional resources for learning, and reflection questions at the end of each chapter make the book ideal for small group studies.
Three Christian Views of God?s Final Solution to the Problem of Sin
Author: Steve Gregg
Publisher: Thomas Nelson
It is an undeniable fact that the very concept of hell is shrouded in mystery. We know what books and movies tell us hell is like, but we’re left with so many questions. Is hell simply a place where sinners are sent to suffer for their sins, or is it much, much more than that? All You Want to Know About Hell breaks down the three most popular views on hell and tells us what the Bible really says about this terrifying and mystifying place. From the “traditional” view of hell as a place of eternal torment to the early Christian view that hell is a place of suffering intended to purge sin and to bring about repentance, no other book gives such in-depth biblical insight into the truths about hell that are hidden in all the hype. Features include: Complete coverage of the three most popular views on hell Clear explanation of what Scripture really says An easy and interesting read for laypeople, pastors, and scholars alike
Recent books about heaven and hell have aroused the interest of committed Christians and curious seekers alike. But the wide range of viewpoints has also created confusion and left many people wondering what they are to believe. This user-friendly guide presents the most popular views on heaven, hell, purgatory, judgment, and related topics, followed by brief, easy-to-follow analysis. Readers will be equipped to make their own well-informed decisions about questions like these: What happens when we die? Where did the idea of purgatory come from? Will our bodies be resurrected someday? If so, does cremation offend God? Will unbelievers be judged by God and punished in hell forever? Or will they be annihilated? What about those who never heard the gospel message? This summary of the latest Evangelical teaching and traditional mainstream scholarship provides readers with tools to assess each position in the light of Scripture.
A Final Word : the Surprising Truths I Found in the Bible
Author: Edward Fudge
Publisher: ACU Press/Leafwood Publishers
Today, hell is a front-burner topic, thanks to media attention stirred by megapastors Rob Bell, Francis Chan, and others. But, between the extremes of universal salvation and everlasting torment, a third view known as conditional immortality, claims the most biblical support of all.
In several places, Scripture testifies to the idea that there is a reality in which everything is very good (Gen. 1:31); a reality in which all things are made new (Rev. 21:5); where "every creature in heaven and on earth and under the earth and in the sea, and all that is in them," praises God and the Lamb that was slain (Rev. 5:13); a place where Jesus, the Light, fills all things (Eph. 4:10 ) and every knee bows and every tongue gives praise (Rom.14:11, Phil. 2:10-11, Isa. 45:23). Well, if that's the case-and Jesus said, "Scripture cannot be broken" (John 10:35)-then where the hell is Hell? I mean, how do we reconcile Scripture with "popular" notions of "Hell" ...an endless Hell?That question comes as a surprise for many; for we've been told that the popular view of Hell-a place where God tortures people or allows people to be tortured forever without end-is a biblical idea. The more I've studied it, the more I've become convinced that this "doctrine" is a very unbiblical idea... perhaps it's even a satanic idea.In the following pages, I'd like to just offer some assistance in constructing this new mental paradigm-a biblical paradigm that allows for an eternal day in which everything is good. In the first section, "Exegetical Paradigms," I'll examine the three leading views of Hell in light of Scripture and offer a set of ideas that has led me to embrace the idea of redemption for all. In the next section, "Theology," I'll suggest a few ways in which the idea of redemption for all may relate to one's current theological system. In the last section, "Pastoral Care," I'll suggest some reasons as to why I think all of this matters.-Peter Hiett
ALL THE BIBLE TEACHES ABOUT All The Bible Teaches About, is a series of larger more significant articles excerpted from Know Your Bible by this same author. They cover all the pertinent material found within the Bible record for the subjects they cover. Also included in many articles are extensive outside sources and complementary topics in other articles for a complete discussion of the topic at hand. All Articles have sub-headings for quick reference and all scriptures cited are also looked up for the reader so that one only has to read the articles to become highly knowledgeable on the covered subject.This fine series of books will all become a treasured part of your divine library throughout your life. You are encouraged to download a free sample to see just how readable and understandable these fine articles are. This means everlasting life, their taking in knowledge of you, the only true God, and of the one whom you sent forth, Jesus Christ! (John 17:3)
Randy Klassen studies every significant reference to hell in the Bible, seeking an interpretation that both takes the Bible seriously as the very Word of God and harmonizes with the character of the God and "Abba" revealed through Jesus Christ.
A growing number of well-known Christian leaders, such as Dr. David R. Reagan, John R. Stott, Greg Boyd, Roger Forster (co-founder of the March for Jesus events), Philip Hughes, Michael Green, Stephen Travis, and Clark Pinnock have declared support for part, or all, of the biblical doctrine of "conditional immortality." Even the British Bible translator, William Tyndale, also defended Conditional Immortality during his lifetime. Also, the very well respected scholar F.F. Bruce states, "Eternal conscious torment is incompatible with the revealed character of God" so he chose to write the forward to an excellent evangelical book on this topic called, "The Fire that Consumes" by Edward Fudge. While some call it annihilationism, simply stated, "Conditional Immortality" is the biblical belief that the "immortality" of the soul is not inherent (Greek philosophers thinking) but conditional (Biblical thinking) upon receiving the gift of everlasting life through faith in Jesus (Yeshua in Hebrew). It is part and parcel of the gospel. God alone has immortality -- anyone else becomes immortal only as a result of God's gracious gift (1 Timothy 6:16, Romans 2:7). For centuries, church theologians have wrongly assumed the Greek doctrine of the immortality of all souls. Therefore, it is no wonder that the message of immortality has been completely dropped from modern preaching. I ask you, when have you ever heard a message offering "immortality" as part of the gospel presentation? It is almost never done, because today most people falsely assume the soul is already immortal. Yet, immortality through Jesus (Yeshua) alone is what the Jewish Apostle Paul preached: * (He/Jesus), has destroyed death and has brought life and immortality to light through the gospel. (2 Timothy 1:9b-10) Paul clearly links immortality to the gospel. Paul did not believe the Greek philosophy of his day which taught the immortality of all souls. Before the Messiah, Jesus, came, no one had a chance at immortality because of sin. If they did, then Paul's statement would make no sense. Why would immortality come through the gospel if all had it from birth? The gospel would not have brought about immortality - since all had it. But immortality is uniquely and only with believers... Here is an actual comment (one of many) gotten after reading this scriptural argument: *Thank you so much for the wealth of solid biblical insight you have given. I grew up attending several different denominations of Christian churches, and I was taught the traditional view of hell. All the churches I have attended as an adult have taught the traditional view. I've always wondered why the word, "perish" didn't actually mean "perish" or "be destroyed." I was taught that it meant "be eternally tormented." I have always wondered why the Bible said eternal life was a gift if it was something we already were going to have no matter where we ended up. Now I know I was right to question these things. Paul never preached about eternal torment, only of the gift of eternal life one could receive by putting their faith in Jesus. How sad it is that so many people only hear of a God that will send them to hell where He will torment them eternally instead of the God who gives eternal life as a gift because of His great love. -- Heidi So read this book to see how unbiblical the concept of the immortality of the unsaved soul is. Immortality is reserved only for those who put their faith in Jesus. All the rest are destroyed (not preserved) (see Matthew 10:28) after a period of time. They will suffer no more and no less than their sins deserve - then will be destroyed forever. God is just and Holy.... but not cruel
How many heavens are there—and how many hells?The original biblical languages use several words for heaven and hell that mean different things. And to make matters still more interesting, other religions and philosophies have contributed their own ideas to the mix until it’s hard to separate reality from speculation, falsehood, and folklore. Sense and Nonsense about Heaven and Hell helps you cut through the clutter to see what the Bible really reveals about heaven and hell, salvation and judgment.Learn about• Jesus: the only means of understanding heaven or hell• different biblical words for heaven and hell• the fires of hell: literal or figurative?• why hell has no exit doors• what we can and can’t know about heaven• God’s judgment: who will go where, and whyGet ready for some surprises. This book will help you set aside your preconceptions and pierce through the myths and misinformation to gain an accurate, truly biblical perspective on heaven and hell.
True Biblical Repentance Versus Mere Believing - Defend the Gospel
Author: Annie Carmilz Wescott
The False Gospel is a look at the difference between true, biblical repentance and merely believing. Today people say they 'believe in God,' tithe, go to church, etc., but they are only rendering lip service without spiritual fruit (going through the motions for the world to see.) Many churches are catering to these people by preaching a False Gospel that God is love, His commandments are just suggestions, and everyone is going to heaven. The Bible teaches that Yes, God is love but there is a day of judgment and if there was never true repentance and Christians did not warn mere believers about 'The False Gospel Taking Billions to Hell' those people will go to Hell and that is on us. This book provides scripture references to help you defend the gospel to others around you and give you a foundation for helping you know the difference between true repentance and merely believing there is a God.
Most evangelical Christians believe that those people who are not saved before they die will be punished in hell forever. But is this what the Bible truly teaches? Do Christians need to rethink their understanding of hell? In the late twentieth century, a growing number of evangelical theologians, biblical scholars, and philosophers began to reject the traditional doctrine of eternal conscious torment in hell in favor of a minority theological perspective called conditional immortality. This view contends that the unsaved are resurrected to face divine judgment, just as Christians have always believed, but due to the fact that immortality is only given to those who are in Christ, the unsaved do not exist forever in hell. Instead, they face the punishment of the "second death"--an end to their conscious existence. This volume brings together excerpts from a variety of well-respected evangelical thinkers, including John Stott, John Wenham, and E. Earle Ellis, as they articulate the biblical, theological, and philosophical arguments for conditionalism. These readings will give thoughtful Christians strong evidence that there are indeed compelling reasons for rethinking hell. Peter S. Grice - Igniting an Evangelical Conversation Glenn A. Peoples - Introduction to Evangelical Conditionalism Edward W. Fudge - The Final End of the Wicked Stephen H. Travis - The Nature of Final Destiny John R. W. Stott - Judgment and Hell Clark H. Pinnock - The Destruction of the Finally Impenitent John W. Wenham - The Case for Conditional Immortality Basil F. C. Atkinson - The Doom of the Lost E. Earle Ellis - New Testament Teaching on Hell Ralph G. Bowles - Does Revelation 14:11 Teach Eternal Torment? Harold E. Guillebaud - The General Trend of Bible Teaching Anthony C. Thiselton - Claims about "Hell" and Wrath Philip E. Hughes - Is the Soul Immortal? Henry Constable - Divine Justice Christopher D. Marshall - Divine and Human Punishment in the New Testament Nigel G. Wright - A Kinder, Gentler Damnation? Richard G. Swinburne - The Future of the Totally Corrupt Kim G. Papaioannou - The Development of Gehenna Between the Old and New Testaments LeRoy E. Froom - Conditionalism in the Early Church Evangelical Alliance - Hell and Evangelical Unity Roger E. Olson - Diverse Christian Beliefs About Life Beyond Death Ben Witherington III - Equally Orthodox Christians
This book concerns both the most popular and the most unpopular of all Christian teachings - heaven on the one hand, and hell on the other. Yet the two belong together, and the Bible, and Christian teaching through the ages, have always done what Ted Donnelly does in this series of addresses - held the two together, and not allowed either reality to be emphasized to the neglect of the other.