History has tended to measure war's winners and losers in terms of its major engagements, battles in which the result was so clear-cut that they could be considered "decisive." Cannae, Konigsberg, Austerlitz, Midway, Agincourt-all resonate in the literature of war and in our imaginations as tide-turning. But these legendary battles may or may not have determined the final outcome of the wars in which they were fought. Nor has the "genius" of the so-called Great Captains - from Alexander the Great to Frederick the Great and Napoleon - play a major role. Wars are decided in other ways. Cathal J. Nolan's The Allure of Battle systematically and engrossingly examines the great battles, tracing what he calls "short-war thinking," the hope that victory might be swift and wars brief. As he proves persuasively, however, such has almost never been the case. Even the major engagements have mainly contributed to victory or defeat by accelerating the erosion of the other side's defences. Massive conflicts, the so-called "people's wars," beginning with Napoleon and continuing until 1945, have consisted of and been determined by prolonged stalemate and attrition, industrial wars in which the determining factor has been not military but matériel. Nolan's masterful book places battles squarely and mercilessly within the context of the wider conflict in which they took place. In the process it help corrects a distorted view of battle's role in war, replacing popular images of the "battles of annihilation" with somber appreciation of the commitments and human sacrifices made throughout centuries of war particularly among the Great Powers. Accessible, provocative, exhaustive, and illuminating, The Allure of Battle will spark fresh debate about the history and conduct of warfare.
Using the framework of Edward Said's Orientalism, this work examines how Western rock and pop artists--particularly during the age of album rock from the 1970s through the 1990s--perpetuated long-held stereotypes of Japan in their direct encounters with the country and in songs and music videos with Japanese content.
How a Nineteenth-Century Debate Can Save the Humanities Today
Author: Eric Adler
Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA
Category: Classical education
"The Battle of the Classics criticizes contemporary apologetics for the humanities and presents a historically informed case for a decidedly different approach to rescuing the humanistic disciplines in American higher education. It uses the so-called Battle of the Classics of the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries as a springboard for crafting a novel foundation for the humanistic tradition. The book argues that current defences of the humanities rely on the humanistic disciplines as inculcators of certain poorly defined skills such as "critical thinking." It finds fault with this conventional approach, arguing that humanists cannot hope to save their disciplines without arguing in favour of particular humanities content. As the lacklustre defences of the classical humanities in the late nineteenth century help prove, instrumental apologetics are bound to fail. All the same, the book shows that proponents of the Great Books favour a curriculum that is too intellectually narrow for the twenty-first century. The Battle of the Classics thus lays out a substance-based approach to undergraduate education that will revive the humanities while steering clear of overreliance on the Western canon. The book envisions a global humanities based on the examination of masterworks from manifold cultures as the heart of an intellectually and morally sound education"--
The Gnostic Experience in Jungian Psychology and Contemporary Culture
Author: Robert Alan Segal
Publisher: Open Court Publishing Company
Gnosticism or Gnosis is far more than an ancient religious movement with Christian, Jewish, and pagan followers. It is a living presence today, in many religions and also completely outside formal religion. The Allure of Gnosticism is a collection of 16 outstanding essays, illuminating Gnosticism in its relation to such issues as Jungian thought, the nature of evil, the place of the feminine, communism and fascism, existentialism, Christian scriptures, Kafka, and Buddhism.
Author's voice, part Stirlitz, part Sorge: Maybe you have heard about the Europa 2000 Literary Express train that went from Lisbon to Madrid, Lyons, Paris, Munich, Berlin and all the way to Saint Petersburg. Ten of the best writers were chosen, and ten translators who translate into English, and lots were drawn to decide who would write first,because the beginning shapes the idea and the subject of the screenplay, and the one who goes first has the greatest influence on it. The first lot was drawn by the Lithuanian, but the group decided that this would be a screenplay for a horror movie, which they say will give even the most jaded consumer of culture goose bumps, so we let the first chapter be written by a Spaniard, a true admirer of the horror genre. The Lithuanian got to the next chapter, Chapter Two. Each author writes a chapter. When all have had their turn, the ending will be written by the Spaniard or the Lithuanian. The assembly of literati decided to go for a high level scenario: with the help of philanthropists, the big names of the performing arts and politics, millionaires and billionaires, a resort would be purchased and there the Empire of Art would be established, a State like the Vatican, Luxembourg, San Marino. Once the real estate is purchased it well be self-supporting, assisted by the world's richest performers and artists, and their fans. Why rock stars? Because Paul McCartney, Mick Jagger, Charlie Watts, Rod Stewart and David Bowie have all had nose jobs, which cost millions. The ingenious surgeon devised it that their sense of smell is now as keen as that of a wild beast in the forest. Accompanied by parapsychological powers and super abilities in rational thought. Because they are the richest people in the entertainment world, followed by filmmakers.
"For the past decade Scott Olsen has been traversing the American continent - and occasionally crossing an ocean or two - to witness what most of us overlook in our rush to get from "here" to "there." The result is this collection of wry, literate essays on the act of travel, exploring the indispensable stories that live in every mile of the journey."--BOOK JACKET.Title Summary field provided by Blackwell North America, Inc. All Rights Reserved
A revealing investigation into Picasso's career-long fascination with the written word Throughout his life, Pablo Picasso had close friendships with writers and an abiding interest in the written word. This groundbreaking book, which draws on the collections of Yale University, traces the relationship that Picasso had with literature and writing in his life and work. Beginning with the artist's early associations with such writers as Gertrude Stein, Guillaume Apollinaire, Max Jacob, and Pierre Reverdy, the book continues until the postwar period, by which time Picasso had become a worldwide celebrity. Distinguished authorities in art and literature explore the theme of Picasso and language from historical, linguistic, and visual perspectives and contextualize Picasso's work within a rich literary framework. Presenting fascinating archival materials and written in an accessible style, Picasso and the Allure of Language is essential reading for anyone interested in this great artist and the history of modernism.
The Germans, the Allies, the Partisans, and the Pope, September 1943--June 1944
Author: Robert Katz
Publisher: Simon & Schuster
In September 1943, the German army marched into Rome, beginning an occupation that would last nine months until Allied forces liberated the ancient city. During those 270 days, clashing factions -- the occupying Germans, the Allies, the growing resistance movement, and the Pope -- contended for control over the destiny of the Eternal City. In The Battle for Rome, Robert Katz vividly recreates the drama of the occupation and offers new information from recently declassified documents to explain the intentions of the rival forces. One of the enduring myths of World War II is the legend that Rome was an "open city," free from military activity. In fact the German occupation was brutal, beginning almost immediately with the first roundup of Jews in Italy. Rome was a strategic prize that the Germans and the Allies fought bitterly to win. The Allied advance up the Italian peninsula from Salerno and Anzio in some of the bloodiest fighting of the war was designed to capture the Italian capital. Dominating the city in his own way was Pope Pius XII, who used his authority in a ceaseless effort to spare Rome, especially the Vatican and the papal properties, from destruction. But historical documents demonstrate that the Pope was as concerned about the Partisans as he was about the Nazis, regarding the Partisans as harbingers of Communism in the Eternal City. The Roman Resistance was a coalition of political parties that agreed on little beyond liberating Rome, but the Partisans, the organized military arm of the coalition, became increasingly active and effective as the occupation lengthened. Katz tells the story of two young Partisans, Elena and Paolo, who fought side by side, became lovers, and later played a central role in the most significant guerrilla action of the occupation. In retaliation for this action, the Germans committed the Ardeatine Caves Massacre, slaying hundreds of Roman men and boys. The Pope's decision not to intervene in that atrocity has been a source of controversy and debate among historians for decades, but drawing on Vatican documents, Katz authoritatively examines the matter. Katz takes readers into the occupied city to witness the desperate efforts of the key actors: OSS undercover agent Peter Tompkins, struggling to forge an effective spy network among the Partisans; German diplomats, working against their own government to save Rome even as they condoned the Nazi repression of its citizens; Pope Pius XII, anxiously trying to protect the Vatican at the risk of depending on the occupying Germans, who maintained order by increasingly draconian measures; and the U.S. and British commanders, who disagreed about the best way to engage the enemy, turning the final advance into a race to be first to take Rome. The Battle for Rome is a landmark work that draws on newly released documents and firsthand testimony gathered over decades to offer the finest account yet of one of the most dramatic episodes of World War II.
The First Battle of the Marne produced the so-called Miracle of the Marne, when French and British forces stopped the initial German drive on Paris in 1914. Hundreds of thousands of casualties later, with opposing forces still dug into trench lines, the Germans tried again to push their way to Paris and to victory. The Second Battle of the Marne (July 15 to August 9, 1918) marks the point at which the Allied armies stopped the massive German Ludendorff Offensives and turned to offensive operations themselves. The Germans never again came as close to Paris nor resumed the offensive. The battle was one of the first large multinational battles fought by the Allies since the assumption of supreme command by French general Ferdinand Foch. It marks the only time the French, American, and British forces fought together in one battle. A superb account of the bloody events of those fateful days, this book sheds new light on a critically important 20th-century battle.