This classic study examines the period when Wales struggled to retain its independence and identity in the face of Anglo-Norman conquest and subsequent English rule. Professor Davies explores the nature of power and conflict within native Welsh society as well as the transformation of Wales under the English crown. An account of the last major revolt under Owain Glyn Dwr forms the culmination of this excellent work.
The West, Byzantium and the Islamic World, 300–1100
Author: Walter Pohl
This volume looks at 'visions of community' in a comparative perspective, from Late Antiquity to the dawning of the age of crusades. It addresses the question of why and how distinctive new political cultures developed after the disintegration of the Roman World, and to what degree their differences had already emerged in the first post-Roman centuries. The Latin West, Orthodox Byzantium and its Slavic periphery, and the Islamic world each retained different parts of the Graeco-Roman heritage, while introducing new elements. For instance, ethnicity became a legitimizing element of rulership in the West, remained a structural element of the imperial periphery in Byzantium, and contributed to the inner dynamic of Islamic states without becoming a resource of political integration. Similarly, the political role of religion also differed between the emerging post-Roman worlds. It is surprising that little systematic research has been done in these fields so far. The 32 contributions to the volume explore this new line of research and look at different aspects of the process, with leading western Medievalists, Byzantinists and Islamicists covering a wide range of pertinent topics. At a closer look, some of the apparent differences between the West and the Islamic world seem less distinctive, and the inner variety of all post-Roman societies becomes more marked. At the same time, new variations in the discourse of community and the practice of power emerge. Anybody interested in the development of the post-Roman Mediterranean, but also in the relationship between the Islamic World and the West, will gain new insights from these studies on the political role of ethnicity and religion in the post-Roman Mediterranean.
This book is an account of noblewomen in Wales in the high Middle Ages, focusing on one particular case-study, Nest of Deheubarth. A key figure in one of the most notorious and portentous abductions of the middle ages, this 'Helen of Wales' was both mistress of Henry I and ancestress of a dynasty which dominated the Anglo-Norman conquests of Ireland. The book fills a significant gap in the historiography. It develops understandings of the interactions of gender with conquest, imperialism, and with the social and cultural transformations of the Middle Ages from a new perspective. Many studies have recently appeared reconsidering these relationships, but few if any have women and gender as a core theme. Gender, nation and conquest will therefore be of interest to all researching, teaching and studying the high middle ages in Britain and Ireland, and to a wider audience for which medieval women's history is a growing fascination. Hitherto, Nest has been seen as the pawn of powerful men. A more general discussion of ideals concerning beauty, love, sex and marriage and an analysis of the interconnecting identities of Nest throw light on her role as wife, concubine and mistress. A unique feature of the book is its examination of the story of Nest in its many forms over succeeding centuries, during which it has formed part of significant narratives of gender and nation.
The Wars of the Roses and the Foundation of Modern Britain
Author: Trevor Royle
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
In this sweeping history, Trevor Royle details one of the bloodiest episodes in British history. The prize was the crown of England, and the players were the rival houses of Lancaster and York. The dynastic quarrel threatened the collapse of the monarchy as a succession of weak rulers failed to deal with an overzealous aristocracy, plunging England into a series of violent encounters. The bloody battles and political intrigue between the rival heirs of King Edward III brought forth one of the most dynamic ruling families of England--the Tudors.
This single volume history of Sir Gar (Carmarthenshire), Wales largest county, spans the period of the earliest recorded occupation through the various phases of history from prehistoric times down to the present day. The emergence, disappearance and re-emergence of the county is traced and developed from the age of the princes to the creation of the present boundaries, which were laid down during the Act of Union of the reign of Henry VIII. Key themes traced relate to politics, the economy, society, culture and religion. Where possible extracts from contemporary sources are used and the most up to date research of modern historians and archaeologists is incorporated into the text. The impact of national events upon the country is also considered from the Roman Invasion, Glyndwrs rebellion, Tudor policy to the various wars of the last two centuries. Significant events and movements which started within the county such as the Circulating Schools and the Rebecca Riots are also examined. Where possible the contribution of leading Carmarthenshire figures in a national context is explored.
By 1300, a Marcher region had been created between England and Wales, consisting of about forty castle-centered lordships extending along the Anglo-Welsh border and also across southern Wales. The March of Wales thus formed a highly distinctive part of the political geography of Britian for much of the Middle Ages. Expressions like 'the Welsh marches' are today used rather vaguely to refer to the Anglo-Welsh borders
This volume presents the work of leading specialists on the particular variety of French found in medieval Britain (Anglo-Norman), and also French in France itself. Other essays deal with the vernacular language of southern France, Occitan.