Satire, according to Jonathan Swift, is a mirror where beholders generally discover everybody's face but their own. and over twenty-four centuries the mirror of satirical literature has taken on many shapes. Yet certain techniques recur continually, certain themes are timeless, and some targets are perennial. Politics (the mismanagement of men by other men) has always been a target of satire, as has the war between sexes.The universality of satire as a mode and creative impulse is demonstrated by the cross-cultural development of lampoon and travesty. Its deep roots and variety are shown by the persistence of allegory, fable, aphorism, and other literary subgenres. Hodgart analyzes satire at some of its most exuberant moments in Western literature, from Aristophanes to Brecht. His analysis is supplemented by a selection and discussion of prints and cartoons.Satire continues to help us make sense of the conventions that seem to have been almost genetically transmitted from their satiric ancestors to our digital contemporaries. This is especially evident in Hodgart's repeated references to satire's predilection for the ephemeral, for camouflaging itself among the everyday, for speaking to the moment, and thus for integrating itself as deeply as possible into society. Brian Connery's new introduction places Hodgart's analysis in its proper place in the development of twentieth-century criticism.
This book advances a model for the analysis of contemporary satirical humour. Combining a range of theoretical frameworks in stylistics, pragmatics and discourse analysis, Simpson examines both the methods of textual composition and the strategies of interpretation for satire. Verbal irony is central to the model, in respect of which Simpson isolates three principal “ironic phases” that shape the uptake of satirical humour. Throughout the book, consistent emphasis is placed on satire’s status as a culturally situated discursive practice, while the categories of the model proposed are amply illustrated with textual examples. A notable feature of the book is a chapter on the legal implications of using satirical humour as a weapon of attack in the public domain. A book where Jonathan Swift meets Private Eye magazine, this entertaining and thought-provoking study will interest those working in stylistics, humorology, pragmatics and discourse analysis. It also has relevance for forensic discourse analysis, and for media, literary and cultural studies.
Analyzed with the help of Book IV, Chapter XIII and the function of the Heartfree subplot
Author: Tanja Wittrien
Publisher: GRIN Verlag
Category: Literary Criticism
Essay from the year 2009 in the subject English Language and Literature Studies - Literature, University of Bonn (Englisches Seminar), course: Essays, language: English, abstract: An analysis of Henry Fielding's technique of satire with the help of Book IV, Chapter XIII and the function of the Heartfree subplot.
Tato kniha se zaměřuje na tvorbu afroamerického spisovatele Ishmaela Reeda a sleduje, jak se napříč jeho padesátiletou románovou tvorbou proměňuje způsob, jímž autor uplatňuje satiru. Přestože je každý Reedův román originálním knižním počinem, v uplatnění satiry lze najít jisté pravidelnosti a vývojové tendence. Zatímco v Reedově rané satiře převládá společenská kritika založená na zobrazení nestandardní sexuality, v jeho současnější satiře (čímž je označována autorova románová tvorba od roku 1993 dále) dominuje společenská kritika založená na argumentaci. Uvedené mody satiry jsou v knize dále propojeny se dvěma druhy amerického rasismu, s rasismem zjevným a skrytým. Kniha dokládá, že spolu s tím, jak se zjevný rasismus stal v americkém společenském diskurzu nepřípustným a byl nahrazen rasismem skrytým, aktualizoval Ishmael Reed svoji satiru, aby i nadále zůstala efektivním modem společenské kritiky. Kniha je určena pro čtenáře z řad odborné i širší veřejnosti, kteří mají zájem o tvorbu Ishmaela Reeda i afroamerickou literaturu obecně. Inspirativní může být i pro ty, jež se zajímají o žánr satiry a její vývoj.
Christopher Smart and Satire explores the lively and idiosyncratic world of satire in the eighteenth-century periodical, focusing on the way that writers adopted personae to engage with debates taking place during the British Enlightenment. Taking Christopher Smart's audacious and hitherto underexplored Midwife, or Old Woman's Magazine (1750-1753) as her primary source, Min Wild provides a rich examination of the prizewinning Cambridge poet's adoption of the bizarre, sardonic 'Mary Midnight' as his alter-ego. Her analysis provides insights into the difficult position in which eighteenth-century writers were placed, as ideas regarding the nature and functions of authorship were gradually being transformed. At the same time, Wild also demonstrates that Smart's use of 'Mary Midnight' is part of a tradition of learned wit, having an established history and characterized by identifiable satirical and rhetorical techniques. Wild's engagement with her exuberant source materials establishes the skill and ingenuity of Smart's often undervalued, multilayered prose satire. As she explores Smart's use of a peculiarly female voice, Wild offers us a picture of an ingenious and ribald wit whose satirical overview of society explores, overturns, and anatomises questions of gender, politics, and scientific and literary endeavors.
Through her close reading, Diane Wolfe Levy reveals the complex irony in France's last volume of short stories Les sept femme de la Barbe-Bleue. The author shows how France imbues his narration with paradoxical elements, contrasts full of irony, and complex oppositions. She also reveals the way irony is directed to both the narrator and the fictional characters. This contradictory nature reveals the lack of objectivity that the prevalent scientific method is supposed to have. Levy exemplifies the irony in its multiplicity, connecting it to the author, the reader, the narrator, and the subject of the tales.
This study examines how a particular selection of films turned American cultural material of the 1990s into satirical experiences for viewers and finds that there are elements of resistance to norms and conventions in politics, to mainstream news channels and Hollywood, and to official American history already embedded in the culture.