Syria's Monuments: Their Survival and Destruction

Author: Michael Greenhalgh

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 540

View: 177

Syria's Monuments: their Survival and Destruction analyses travellers’ accounts of the Roman, Christian and Islamic monuments of Syria (including Lebanon, Jordan, Palestine/Israel). An epilogue assesses the impact of the recent civil war on the state of the monuments, and their likely future.

Verdammt und vernichtet

Kulturzerstörungen vom Alten Orient bis zur Gegenwart

Author: Hermann Parzinger

Publisher: C.H.Beck

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page: 368

View: 816

Fassungslos blickte 2015 die Weltöffentlichkeit nach Palmyra – die antike Ruinenstadt war der Terrororganisation IS in die Hände gefallen. Der uralte Baaltempel, das heilige Zentrum zahlloser Kulturen, wurde gesprengt. Doch ist Kulturzerstörung keine Erfindung der Gegenwart. Sie zieht sich wie ein blutiges Band durch die Jahrtausende. Hermann Parzinger schreitet die Horizonte der Barbarei ab, erzählt die Geschichte vernichteter Kulturschätze und hält ein fulminantes Plädoyer für den Schutz des Menschheitserbes und der künstlerischen Freiheit. Seine Tour d ́Horizont führt ihn von der Tilgung der Erinnerung im Alten Ägypten und den Großreichen Mesopotamiens über die Zerstörung des Tempels von Jerusalem durch die Römer im Jahr 70 n. Chr. weiter durch die Bilderstürme der Reformation und der französischen Revolution bis hin zu den Verheerungen des europäischen Kolonialismus, dem Zivilisationsbruch des Nationalsozialismus und darüber hinaus bis in unsere Tage. Immer wieder wird deutlich, dass gezielte Verwüstungen und Plünderungen von traditions- und identitätsstiftenden Kulturgütern auch Ausdruck eines neuen Deutungs- und Herrschaftsanspruchs waren. Doch waren jenseits machtpolitischer, ideologischer oder religiöser Beweggründe Bilderstürme häufig auch von handfesten finanziellen Interessen geleitet: Raub und Enteignungen erweisen sich bei näherem Hinsehen geradezu als systematische Vermögensumverteilung. So erwartet Leserinnen und Leser ein Buch von schmerzlicher Aktualität, das uns zugleich die Kostbarkeit der kulturellen Zeugnisse auf allen Kontinenten vor Augen führt.

Negotiating Memory from the Romans to the Twenty-First Century

Damnatio Memoriae

Author: Øivind Fuglerud

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 300

View: 735

Manipulation of the past and forced erasure of memories have been global phenomena throughout history, spanning a varied repertoire from the destruction or alteration of architecture, sites, and images, to the banning or imposing of old and new practices. The present volume addresses these questions comparatively across time and geography, and combines a material approach to the study of memory with cross-disciplinary empirical explorations of historical and contemporary cases. This approach positions the volume as a reference-point within several fields of humanities and social sciences. The collection brings together scholars from different fields within humanities and social science to engage with memorialization and damnatio memoriae across disciplines, using examples from their own research. The broad chronological and comparative scope makes the volume relevant for researchers and students of several historical periods and geographic regions.

Plundered Empire

Acquiring Antiquities from Ottoman Lands

Author: Michael Greenhalgh

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: Art

Page: 696

View: 648

Providing extensive documentation, the book examines the mechanics, trials and tribulations of plundering the Ottoman East for private and public collections in Europe. It helps document the continuing debate about the ethics of museum collections.

Manuscripts, Politics and Oriental Studies

Life and Collections of Johann Gottfried Wetzstein (1815-1905) in Context

Author:

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 462

View: 570

Manuscripts, Politics and Oriental Studies commemorates the life and works of Johann Gottfried Wetzstein (1815-1905) as a scholar and consul in Berlin and Damascus. It also illustrates contemporary developments in manuscript collecting and Oriental studies.

Zenobia

Shooting Star of Palmyra

Author: Nathanael Andrade

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 240

View: 506

Hailing from the Syrian city of Palmyra, a woman named Zenobia (also Bathzabbai) governed territory in the eastern Roman empire from 268 to 272. She thus became the most famous Palmyrene who ever lived. But sources for her life and career are scarce. This book situates Zenobia in the social, economic, cultural, and material context of her Palmyra. By doing so, it aims to shed greater light on the experiences of Zenobia and Palmyrene women like her at various stages of their lives. Not limiting itself to the political aspects of her governance, it contemplates what inscriptions and material culture at Palmyra enable us to know about women and the practice of gender there, and thus the world that Zenobia navigated. It reflects on her clothes, house, hygiene, property owning, gestures, religious practices, funerary practices, education, languages, social identities, marriage, and experiences motherhood, along with her meteoric rise to prominence and civil war. It also ponders Zenobia's legacy in light of the contemporary human tragedy in Syria.

Exploring urbanism in ancient North Syria

Fieldwork in Doliche 2015–2020

Author: Michael Blömer

Publisher: Walter de Gruyter GmbH & Co KG

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 418

View: 184

This book accounts for the results of fieldwork in Doliche, located in Gaziantep, South East Turkey. Doliche was an important city of ancient North Syria which continued to thrive into the Middle Ages. For the first time, an international research project started to explore the site in 2015. The chapters collected in this volume discuss the main discoveries of the first seasons. It is divided in two parts. The first part considers the main excavation results, with a particular emphasis on a newly discovered early Christian basilica and its decoration. This section also contains the first comprehensive discussion of a newly discovered Roman Imperial hypogeum from the city necropolis. The chapters of the second part deal with the preliminary findings from an intra-urban intensive survey. Between 2017 and 2019, a significant portion of the city area has been investigated, and the results of the survey offer new insights in the spatial and chronological of the city. The chapters consider methodological questions, but also discuss artefact groups. In general, the results presented in this volume add to the knowledge of urbanism in Roman and Late antique North Syria.

Pearl of the Desert: a History of Palmyra

Author: Rubina Raja

Publisher: Oxford University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 248

View: 999

The time is ripe for a book on the archaeology and history of Palmyra, as well as an account of the site in the history of research in general and an analysis of the current situation, including the destruction and illicit trafficking of cultural goods from Palmyra. These three main aspects (archaeology and history of the site, history of research, current developments) will together highlight the ways in which this fascinating site has again and again become a focusin world history.

Patrimoine mondial en péril

Author: Peter Eeckhout

Publisher: Passés Composés

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 319

View: 610

Le XXIe sera-t-il le siècle de la fin des ruines?? Redécouverts pour la plupart au XXe siècle, bon nombre de sites qui constituent le patrimoine mondial sont menacés d’une destruction pure et simple. Or il ne peut y avoir de sociétés sans ruines, et la conservation des monuments les plus remarquables parvenus jusqu’à nous est aujourd’hui une urgence. D’autant que les menaces sont nombreuses et diverses : destructions volontaires, pillage, pression de l’urbanisation, tourisme de masse, restaurations abusives, négligence et pollution ou conséquences des changements climatiques. Afin de comprendre l’immense intérêt de ces sites exceptionnels, mais aussi leur fragilité, tout en racontant leurs histoires multiséculaires, Peter Eeckhout nous entraîne, par le texte et par l’image, à la découverte d’Angkor et de Méroé, de Pachacamac, d’Alep et de Palmyre, d’Haïti, de Délos, de Carthage, et de bien d’autres merveilles encore.

Mass Atrocities, the Responsibility to Protect and the Future of Human Rights

“If Not Now, When?”

Author: Simon Adams

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Political Science

Page: 144

View: 542

This book ambitiously weaves together history and politics to explain all of the major situations where mass atrocities have occurred, or been prevented, over the 15 years since the 'Responsibility to Protect' (R2P) was adopted at the 2005 UN World Summit. The author provides a history of human rights, mass atrocities and the principle of the R2P from the perspective of someone whose day job has been to work with the UN Security Council, various governments and civil society to help ensure the international community does not fail those who face the threat of genocide, war crimes and crimes against humanity today. It examines the implementation of the controversial principle of R2P since 2011 and how we end the politics of impunity, indifference and inaction once and for all. Using case studies from Iraq, Syria, Myanmar and Libya, the book offers a unique perspective regarding how we make 'never again' a living principle, rather than a cliché and how we end the politics of impunity, indifference and inaction once and for all. It will be of especial interest to scholars, students and policymakers working in the fields of international politics or concerned about human rights, atrocities, the United Nations and international justice in the world today.