This compendium of research material on the role of oxidative stress in animal disease and morbidity examines both the general and the specific. Sourced from scientists, veterinarians, and members of the medical community from around the world, it includes chapters on our wider understanding of the corrosive function of free radicals in cell biology as well as focusing on the interplay between oxidative stress and metabolism in a variety of animal species including dogs, ruminants and birds. Since biogerontologist Denham Harman first posited that free radicals arising from the metabolic activity of oxygen play a central role in aging and disease, a mass of evidence has accumulated linking oxidative stress and biological degradation. We now understand that living in an aerobic environment inevitably leads to the production of free radicals that go on to attack biological membranes and lipoproteins via oxidation in a process called lipid peroxidation. Reacting with carbon-based molecules such as polyunsaturated fatty acids, these free radicals cause oxidative stress and tissue damage. The purpose of Studies on Veterinary Medicine is to inform clinicians, students and others of the plethora of consequences that free radical damage (ROS) has on various cells, tissues, and organs, as well as in different species of animals. The chapters also analyze the effects of oxidative stress on aging and various morbidities such as diabetes, cognitive dysfunction and heart disease. Contributors variously present their interpretation of the role played by oxidative damage in disease and assess the benefits of antioxidant therapies.
Research in veterinary science is critical for the health and well-being of animals, including humans. Food safety, emerging infectious diseases, the development of new therapies, and the possibility of bioterrorism are examples of issues addressed by veterinary science that have an impact on both human and animal health. However, there is a lack of scientists engaged in veterinary research. Too few veterinarians pursue research careers, and there is a shortage of facilities and funding for conducting research. This report identifies questions and issues that veterinary research can help to address, and discusses the scientific expertise and infrastructure needed to meet the most critical research needs. The report finds that there is an urgent need to provide adequate resources for investigators, training programs, and facilities involved in veterinary research.
The U.S. veterinary medical profession contributes to society in diverse ways, from developing drugs and protecting the food supply to treating companion animals and investigating animal diseases in the wild. In a study of the issues related to the veterinary medical workforce, including demographics, workforce supply, trends affecting job availability, and capacity of the educational system to fill future demands, a National Research Council committee found that the profession faces important challenges in maintaining the economic sustainability of veterinary practice and education, building its scholarly foundations, and evolving veterinary service to meet changing societal needs. Many concerns about the profession came into focus following the outbreak of West Nile fever in 1999, and the subsequent outbreaks of SARS, monkeypox, bovine spongiform encephalopathy, highly pathogenic avian influenza, H1N1 influenza, and a variety of food safety and environmental issues heightened public concerns. They also raised further questions about the directions of veterinary medicine and the capacity of public health service the profession provides both in the United States and abroad. To address some of the problems facing the veterinary profession, greater public and private support for education and research in veterinary medicine is needed. The public, policymakers, and even medical professionals are frequently unaware of how veterinary medicine fundamentally supports both animal and human health and well-being. This report seeks to broaden the public's understanding and attempts to anticipate some of the needs and measures that are essential for the profession to fulfill given its changing roles in the 21st century.
The first accessible information on how to carry out veterinary clinical research. This book is an aid to increasing the quantity and quality of such research within veterinary clinical practice. Covering all the core research methods as well as aspects specific to veterinary medicine. Clinical research aims to optimize decision making in practice by answering questions on the best diagnostic options and treatments. Reading this book will help you take the intellectually rewarding step towards improving prognoses and outcomes through informed decisions. Special attention is given to ethical and legal issues, how to maximise the power of studies when faced with small numbers of patients, and how to go about research with few obvious resources to hand.
Conceived and edited by Nigel Dent and Ramzan Visanji, Veterinary Clinical Trials form Concept to Completion is designed for both established practitioners and novices, offering alternative ways of conducting studies and ensuring that the studies are guided by Good Clinical Practices and are in compliance with regulations. Comprehensive in scope, it provides the scientific, biological, and regulatory background invaluable to teachers, researchers, and regulatory affairs staff, as well as those directly involved in clinical trials. The book covers: Objectives of the clinical study Control of the study Conduct of the study Regulation versus compliance Factors for success International harmonization activities Roles of the investigator, the monitor, and the practicing veterinarian Setting up GCP trials with particular animal species SOPs, the generic protocol, and the study report Contract research farms and multi-site studies Auditing With contributions from experts in every area of veterinary trials, the text has been organized with everyday use in mind. The chapters can be read sequentially for a comprehensive view or individually for coverage of particular topics and issues as needed. Drawing directly from the in-the-trenches experience of the editors and chapter authors, the book is a guide to methods that ensure studies meet regulatory compliance and strategies that ensure avoidance of common pitfalls.
Issues in Veterinary Research and Medicine / 2013 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ book that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Additional Research. The editors have built Issues in Veterinary Research and Medicine: 2013 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Additional Research in this book to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Veterinary Research and Medicine: 2013 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
This unique work compiles the latest knowledge around veterinary nutraceuticals, commonly referred to as dietary supplements, from ingredients to final products in a single source. More than sixty chapters organized in seven sections collate all related aspects of nutraceutical research in animal health and disease, among them many novel topics: common nutraceutical ingredients (Section-I), prebiotics, probiotics, synbiotics, enzymes and antibacterial alternatives (Section-II), applications of nutraceuticals in prevention and treatment of various diseases such as arthritis, periodontitis, diabetes, cognitive dysfunctions, mastitis, wounds, immune disorders, and cancer (Section-III), utilization of nutraceuticals in specific animal species (Section-IV), safety and toxicity evaluation of nutraceuticals and functional foods (Section-V), recent trends in nutraceutical research and product development (Section-VI), as well as regulatory aspects for nutraceuticals (Section-VII). The future of nutraceuticals and functional foods in veterinary medicine seems bright, as novel nutraceuticals will emerge and new uses of old agents will be discovered. International contributors to this book cover a variety of specialties in veterinary medicine, pharmacology, pharmacognosy, toxicology, chemistry, medicinal chemistry, biochemistry, physiology, nutrition, drug development, regulatory frameworks, and the nutraceutical industry. This is a highly informative and carefully presented book, providing scientific insight for academia, veterinarians, governmental and regulatory agencies with an interest in animal nutrition, complementary veterinary medicine, nutraceutical product development and research.
Laboratory Animal Medicine is a compilation of papers that deals with the diseases and biology of major species of animals used in medical research. The book discusses animal medicine, experimental methods and techniques, design and management of animal facilities, and legislation on laboratory animals. Several papers discuss the biology and diseases of mice, hamsters, guinea pigs, and rabbits. Another paper addresses the dog and cat as laboratory animals, including sourcing of these animals, housing, feeding, and their nutritional needs, as well as breeding and colony management. The book also describes ungulates as laboratory animals, including topics on sourcing, husbandry, preventive medical treatments, and housing facilities. One paper addresses primates as test animals, covering the biology and diseases of old world primates, Cebidae, and ferrets. Some papers pertain to the treatment, diseases, and needed facilities for birds, amphibians, and fish. Other papers then deal with techniques of experimentation, anesthesia, euthanasia, and some factors (spontaneous diseases) that complicate animal research. The text can prove helpful for scientists, clinical assistants, and researchers whose work involves laboratory animals.
A comprehensive review of evidence-based medicine for the food animal practitioner! Topics include: evidence-based veterinary medicine: principles, applications and perceptions in veterinary medicine, systemic review in the evidence-based veterinary medicine: material and methods, evidence related to the use of ancillary drugs in bovine respiratory disease (anti-inflammatory and others: are they justified or not?, evidence-based use of prokinetic drugs for abomasal disorders in calves and cows, what is the best therapeutic option between intramammary and systemic antibiotic treatment and between intramammary antibiotics?, evidence-based management of infectious certifiable diseases, evidence-based veterinary medicine concerning vaccinal efficiency against clostridial diseases in calves, evidence based therapeutical options for hepatic lipidosis in dairy cows : dextrose, insulin, and others?, and evidence based effectiveness concerning vaccination against mannheimia haemolytica, pasteurella multocida and histophilus somni in feedlot cattle, and much more!
Case Studies in Veterinary Immunology presents basic immunological concepts in the context of actual cases seen in clinics. It is intended for veterinary medicine students, interns, residents, and veterinarians, and serves as a valuable supplement and companion to a variety of core immunology textbooks and courses. The book includes cases describing primary immune system defects, secondary immune system defects, and hypersensitivity and autoimmune disorders, as well as dysproteinemias and lymphoid neoplasia. Drawing on the successful approach of Geha’s Case Studies in Immunology, each representative case is preceded by a discussion of the principles underlying that specific immunological mechanism. The case itself includes the presenting complaint (signalment), physical examination findings, pertinent diagnostic laboratory data, diagnosis, and treatment options. In those instances in which a specific disorder occurs in both animals and humans, the differences and similarities in the immunological mechanisms and manifestations of the disease are explored. End of case questions highlight important concepts and serve as a review aid for students. Details on standard vaccines and vaccination schedules, as well as descriptions of the types of assays used for evaluation of the immune system, are included as appendices.
Author: Management Association, Information Resources
Publisher: IGI Global
Modern medicine is changing drastically as new technologies emerge to transform the way in which patients are diagnosed, treated, and monitored. In particular, veterinary medicine is experiencing a tremendous shift as digital innovations are integrated into veterinary practice. Veterinary Science: Breakthroughs in Research and Practice contains a compendium of the latest academic material on breakthroughs and recent progress in veterinary science. Including innovative studies on laboratory information management systems, animal welfare, and veterinary reform, this publication is an ideal source for professionals, practitioners, graduate students, and researchers interested in veterinary science.
The application of evidence-based veterinary medicine (EBVM) can assist in improving and optimising the diagnosis, prognosis, control, treatment and ultimately the welfare of animals. It can also provide the user with a methodology for appropriate, patient orientated life-long, self-directed, learning. To practise evidence-based veterinary medicine we require a range of skills that we may not have. This book explains what evidence-based veterinary medicine is and shows how it can be applied to veterinary practice to improve the quality of care for patients and provide informed choices for owners. It provides the reader with a toolkit of skills necessary to practise evidence-based veterinary medicine. This book is aimed at practitioners but will be of interest to veterinary surgeons at any stage of their training or career wishing to learn about EBVM.
Issues in Veterinary Research and Medicine / 2011 Edition is a ScholarlyEditions™ eBook that delivers timely, authoritative, and comprehensive information about Veterinary Research and Medicine. The editors have built Issues in Veterinary Research and Medicine: 2011 Edition on the vast information databases of ScholarlyNews.™ You can expect the information about Veterinary Research and Medicine in this eBook to be deeper than what you can access anywhere else, as well as consistently reliable, authoritative, informed, and relevant. The content of Issues in Veterinary Research and Medicine: 2011 Edition has been produced by the world’s leading scientists, engineers, analysts, research institutions, and companies. All of the content is from peer-reviewed sources, and all of it is written, assembled, and edited by the editors at ScholarlyEditions™ and available exclusively from us. You now have a source you can cite with authority, confidence, and credibility. More information is available at http://www.ScholarlyEditions.com/.
In Mamluks and Animals: Veterinary Medicine in Medieval Islam Housni Alkhateeb Shehada offers the first comprehensive study of veterinary medicine, its practitioners and its patients in the medieval Islamic world, with special emphasis on the Mamluk period (1250-1517).
An Illustrated Guide to Veterinary Medical Terminology, Third Edition provides a visual approach to learning medical terms and understanding the basics of veterinary medicine. A systematic process of breaking down medical terms into their component parts allows readers to comprehend the root medical concepts and apply critical thinking skills when faced with new and unfamiliar medical terminology. Chapters progress from basic terminology related to anatomical positioning to body systems, and then to species- specific terminology. Case studies exemplify how medical terminology would be experienced in an actual veterinary practice. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.
A practical guide to help veterinarians improve the welfare oftheir patients in their everyday work. A concise and accessibleintroduction to welfare that is both interesting and valuable inpractice. The book describes ways to evaluate patients, developin-practice quality of life assessments, resolve difficult clinicaldilemmas, and turn good decisions into real welfare outcomes. Itreviews available scientific information, legal issues and ethicaldilemmas, and relates these to everyday case studies throughout. Itprovides ways for all veterinary professionals to develop theiranimal welfare understanding, without assuming prior knowledge,while advancing the wisdom and abilities of experiencedpractitioners. Key features: Presents practical and realistic methods for working withowners to improve patients' welfare within the constraints ofeveryday practice. Provides useful advice for work within many legaljurisdictions. Includes summaries of research, vital references, and furtherreading sources. Key points are recapped at the end of each chapter. Suitable for all those working in the veterinary and relatedprofessions, including veterinarians, veterinary nurses, animalwelfare scientists, animal behaviourists, paraprofessionals and laystaff. Published as a part of the prestigious Wiley-Blackwell –UFAW Animal Welfare series. UFAW, founded 1926, is aninternationally recognised, independent, scientific and educationalanimal welfare charity. For full details of all titles available inthe UFAW series, please visit ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/ufaw"www.wiley.com/go/ufaw/a.
Microbiology is one of the core subjects for veterinary students,and since its first publication in 2002, Veterinary Microbiologyand Microbial Disease has become an essential text for students ofveterinary medicine. Fully revised and expanded, this new editionupdates the subject for pre-clinical and clinical veterinarystudents in a comprehensive manner. Individual sections deal withbacteriology, mycology and virology. Written by an academic teamwith many years of teaching experience, the book provides concisedescriptions of groups of microorganisms and the diseases whichthey cause. Microbial pathogens are discussed in separate chapterswhich provide information on the more important features of eachmicroorganism and its role in the pathogenesis of diseases ofanimals. The international and public health significance of thesepathogens are reviewed comprehensively. The final section isconcerned with the host and is organized according to the bodysystem affected. Tables, boxes and flow diagrams provide information in an easilyassimilated format. This edition contains new chapters on moleculardiagnostics and on infectious conditions of the skin,cardiovascular system, urinary tract and musculoskeletal system.Many new colour diagrams are incorporated into this edition andeach chapter has been updated. Key features of this edition: Twelve new chapters included Numerous new illustrations Each chapter has been updated Completely re-designed in full colour Fulfils the needs of veterinary students and academics inveterinary microbiology Companion website with figures from the book as Powerpoints forviewing or downloading by chapter: ahref="http://www.wiley.com/go/quinn/veterinarymicrobiology"www.wiley.com/go/quinn/veterinarymicrobiology/a Veterinary Microbiology and Microbial Disease remainsindispensable for all those studying and teaching this essentialcomponent of the veterinary curriculum.
This full-color text and practical clinical reference provides comprehensive information on herbal remedies for both large and small animal species. Key coverage includes clinical uses of medicinal plants, specific information on how to formulate herbal remedies, a systems-based review of plant-based medicine, and in-depth information on the different animal species--dog, cat, avian and exotic, equine, food animal, and poultry.