This is the fifth collection of studies on the Hospitallers of Rhodes by Anthony Luttrell to appear in the Variorum Collected Studies Series. The studies emphasize the 14th century, the central Convent facing the Turks and the interactions and interdependence of the Order's European priories and commanderies. Together, they constitute another important body of work on the history of the Hospitallers, touching on their nature as a military-religious order and the historiography, iconography, religiosity and finances of the order.
Modern study of the Hospitallers, of other military-religious orders, and of their activities both in the Mediterranean and in Europe has been deeply influenced by the work of Anthony Luttrell. To mark his 75th birthday in October 2007, twenty-three colleagues from ten different countries have contributed to this volume. The first section focuses on the crusading period in the Holy Land, considering the Hospital in Jerusalem, relations with the Assassins, finances, indulgences, transportation and the careers of the brothers and knights. The second and third sections move to the later Middle Ages, when the Hospitallers had their centre on Rhodes, and military and charitable activities in the East had to be supported with men and money from the West. The papers in the second section consider the Hospitallers on Rhodes, relations between Rhodes and the West and plans for crusades, while the third section includes papers on the Hospitallers in the Iberian Peninsula and in Hungary, the territorial administration of the Order of Montesa in Valencia, a plan to transfer the headquarters of the Teutonic Order from Prussia to Frisia, and a Hospitaller reconsideration of warfare and learning on the eve of the council of Trent. The final paper proposes new definitions and guidelines for future work on the military-religious orders. The authors include both well-known experts and younger scholars who promise to follow in the footsteps of Anthony Luttrell and to continue research into the Hospitallers and their fellow orders, these peculiar European communities avant la lettre.
The Countryside of Hospitaller Rhodes 1306–1423 explores the main themes of settlement, population and defence of the countryside of Rhodes from 1306 to 1423, approximately halfway through the period of Hospitaller rule. Based largely on the Hospital’s Rhodian archive, this book is the scientific presentation of 208 documents brought together with detailed English summaries to help readers understand the documents and their technical features. While the majority of research into this subject has previously been focused on the town of Rhodes, this book concentrates instead on the late-medieval countryside, providing a new angle from which to view this complex period. Through a corpus of Hospitaller texts, it presents many aspects of the Hospitaller Order’s history as well as exploring other crucial developments in the period, including both a discussion of Cristoforo Buondelmonti’s description of Rhodes, and a section dedicated to the sources used within this work. The Countryside of Hospitaller Rhodes provides an ideal for academics and postgraduates of the crusades.
The Military Orders essay collections arising from the quadrennial conferences held at Clerkenwell in London have come to represent an international point of reference for scholars. This present volume brings together twenty-nine papers given at the seventh iteration of this event. The studies offered here cover regions as disparate as Prussia, Iberia and the Eastern Mediterranean and chronologically span topics from the Twelfth to the Twentieth century. They draw attention to little used textual and non-textual sources, advance challenging new methodologies, and help to place these military-religious institutions in a broader context.
The Countryside of Hospitaller Rhodes 1306-1423 explores the main themes of settlement, population and defence of the countryside of Rhodes from 1306 to 1423, approximately halfway through the period of Hospitaller rule. Based largely on the Hospital's Rhodian archive, this book is the scientific presentation of 208 documents brought together with detailed English summaries to help readers understand the documents and their technical features. While the majority of research into this subject has previously been focused on the town of Rhodes, this book concentrates instead on the late-medieval countryside, providing a new angle from which to view this complex period. Through a corpus of Hospitaller texts, it presents many aspects of the Hospitaller Order's history as well as exploring other crucial developments in the period, including both a discussion of Cristoforo Buondelmonti's description of Rhodes, and a section dedicated to the sources used within this work. The Countryside of Hospitaller Rhodes provides an ideal for academics and postgraduates of the crusades.
Reflects Jonathan Riley-Smith's work as a historian, which began with research on the history of the military orders. This book covers the political and constitutional history of the kingdom of Jerusalem and the relations of the western settlers with the indigenous population of Palestine and Syria.
The Order of Saint John had its headquarters in the East but its activities there depended for men, money and political support on its Western preceptories and priories. Most of them relied on local materials without utilizing the Order's central archives, the remains of which are now on Malta. There have, more recently, been books on priories which partly made use of the Malta documents. The work of Zsolt Hunyadi is a further addition both to the study of particular Hospitaller priories and to the history of the order as a whole. A major problem faced by the author was the dramatic loss of archives and documents in Hungary, a difficulty which he laboured admirably to counter in Malta and elsewhere. In one way, it is precisely because developments in the Hungarian priory were so different from those elsewhere that Hunyadi's work is of such interest. The appearance of this thesis marks a major turning point in a 'subject which has hitherto been largely misunderstood. It is an excellent and much needed addition to Hospitaller history. Zsolt Hunyadi was born on 1 September 1970 in Eastern Hungary. He studied Hungarian linguistics and literature, philosophy and medieval history at the Jozsef Attila University (Szeged, Hungary) from 1991 to 1996. He also earned an MA in Medieval Studies at Central European University (CEU, Budapest) in 1996. He then began to conduct his doctoral studies both at the University of Szeged and at the Medieval Studies Department at CEU. He concluded his studies in the year 2000 and successfully defended his doctoral dissertation in 2004. Parallel to postgraduate studies he began to teach at the Department of Medieval and Early Modern Hungarian History at the University of Szeged, first as assistant lecturer, later as assistant and adjunct professor. He was tenured in 2009. His main research interests are medieval military-religious orders, the Crusades, rite history of pragmatic literacy, and the nobility of the medieval Kingdom of Hungary and in East Central Europe generally. His scholarly activity involves active participation in different scholarly societies, such as the Capitulum research group for medical church history, serving on the editorial board of the Decreta Regni Medievalis Hungariae (DRMH) and as a member of the Committee of the Society for the Study of the Crusades and the Latin East (SSCLE). His scholarly achievements have been promoted or honored by several scholarships and research grants; most notably he conducted some of his research as A.A. Heckman Scholar (1998) in the United States and as an Alexander von Humboldt Fellow (2006-2007) in Germany. Presently he is an Honorary Research Associate at the School of Slavonic and East European Studies (SSEES) at University College London (UK).
This fourth collection of Dr Luttrell's studies on the military order of the Hospital concerns its activities on the island of Rhodes, acquired between 1306 and 1310, where it struggled to contain the naval aggression of the Anatolian Turks and to settle the island and organise its society and economy. At the same time it had to exploit its Cypriot possessions and its European provinces in order to secure the manpower and resources needed to sustain its Eastern activities. The author has spent over 40 years working in the Hospital's archives on Malta and elsewhere throughout the West, studying the Hospitallers' military and naval affairs, their spiritual and medical activities, and the organisation of their Western priories and commanderies. These studies illustrate the workings of an extensive multi-national corporation dedicated to the defence of Christendom.
Encounters in the Eastern Mediterranean, 10th-15th Centuries
Author: David Jacoby
The studies in this latest collection by David Jacoby explore the multiple facets of encounters between states, social and 'national' groups, and individuals belonging to Latin Christianity, Byzantium and the Islamic world generated in the eastern Mediter
This volume brings together a set of contributions by leading crusade historians, in honour of the doyen of the field, Professor Jean Richard. The four sections cover the history and ideology of the crusading movement, the military orders; and the Latin establishments and kingdoms in the Holy Land and in Cyprus during the Middle Ages.
A collection of studies - 12 in English, two in French, two in Italian and one in Spanish - on the Hospitallers of Rhodes and their Mediterranean world, covering various aspects of their history from the end of the 13th- to the 18th century.