Quantitative and Statistical Research Methods

From Hypothesis to Results

Author: William E. Martin

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Social Science

Page: 496

View: 502

Quantitative and Statistical Research Methods This user-friendly textbook teaches students to understand andapply procedural steps in completing quantitative studies. Itexplains statistics while progressing through the steps of thehypothesis-testing process from hypothesis to results. The researchproblems used in the book reflect statistical applications relatedto interesting and important topics. In addition, the book providesa Research Analysis and Interpretation Guide to help studentsanalyze research articles. Designed as a hands-on resource, each chapter covers a singleresearch problem and offers directions for implementing theresearch method from start to finish. Readers will learn howto: Pinpoint research questions and hypotheses Identify, classify, and operationally define the studyvariables Choose appropriate research designs Conduct power analysis Select an appropriate statistic for the problem Use a data set Conduct data screening and analyses using SPSS Interpret the statistics Write the results related to the problem Quantitative and Statistical Research Methods allows students toimmediately, independently, and successfully apply quantitativemethods to their own research projects.

Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists

Author: Howard B. Stauffer

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Mathematics

Page: 448

View: 117

The first all-inclusive introduction to modern statistical research methods in the natural resource sciences The use of Bayesian statistical analysis has become increasingly important to natural resource scientists as a practical tool for solving various research problems. However, many important contemporary methods of applied statistics, such as generalized linear modeling, mixed-effects modeling, and Bayesian statistical analysis and inference, remain relatively unknown among researchers and practitioners in this field. Through its inclusive, hands-on treatment of real-world examples, Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists successfully introduces the key concepts of statistical analysis and inference with an accessible, easy-to-follow approach. The book provides case studies illustrating common problems that exist in the natural resource sciences and presents the statistical knowledge and tools needed for a modern treatment of these issues. Subsequent chapter coverage features: An introduction to the fundamental concepts of Bayesian statistical analysis, including its historical background, conjugate solutions, Bayesian hypothesis testing and decision-making, and Markov Chain Monte Carlo solutions The relevant advantages of using Bayesian statistical analysis, rather than the traditional frequentist approach, to address research problems Two alternative strategies—the a posteriori model selection strategy and the a priori parsimonious model selection strategy using AIC and DIC—to model selection and inference The ideas of generalized linear modeling (GLM), focusing on the most popular GLM of logistic regression An introduction to mixed-effects modeling in S-Plus® and R for analyzing natural resource data sets with varying error structures and dependencies Each statistical concept is accompanied by an illustration of its frequentist application in S-Plus® or R as well as its Bayesian application in WinBUGS. Brief introductions to these software packages are also provided to help the reader fully understand the concepts of the statistical methods that are presented throughout the book. Assuming only a minimal background in introductory statistics, Contemporary Bayesian and Frequentist Statistical Research Methods for Natural Resource Scientists is an ideal text for natural resource students studying statistical research methods at the upper-undergraduate or graduate level and also serves as a valuable problem-solving guide for natural resource scientists across a broad range of disciplines, including biology, wildlife management, forestry management, fisheries management, and the environmental sciences.

Statistical Research Methods

A Guide for Non-Statisticians

Author: Roy Sabo

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Medical

Page: 214

View: 628

This textbook will help graduate students in non-statistics disciplines, advanced undergraduate researchers, and research faculty in the health sciences to learn, use and communicate results from many commonly used statistical methods. The material covered, and the manner in which it is presented, describe the entire data analysis process from hypothesis generation to writing the results in a manuscript. Chapters cover, among other topics: one and two-sample proportions, multi-category data, one and two-sample means, analysis of variance, and regression. Throughout the text, the authors explain statistical procedures and concepts using a non-statistical language. This accessible approach is complete with real-world examples and sample write-ups for the Methods and Results sections of scholarly papers. The text also allows for the concurrent use of the programming language R, which is an open-source program created, maintained and updated by the statistical community. R is freely available and easy to download.

Research Methods and Statistics: A Critical Thinking Approach

Author: Sherri Jackson

Publisher: Cengage Learning


Category: Mathematics

Page: 528

View: 931

RESEARCH METHODS AND STATISTICS: A CRITICAL THINKING APPROACH, 4e, successfully illustrates the integration between statistics and research methods by demonstrating the ways to use statistics in analyzing data collected during research. Jackson’s combined text adopts an inviting narrative style that speaks directly to students and draws them into the material, helping them overcome the initial apprehension they may feel at having to learn both subject areas at once. She incorporates a student-friendly critical-thinking approach and presents examples and exercises to which students can relate. Jackson focuses on the logic of the process and the methodology aspect of research. Important Notice: Media content referenced within the product description or the product text may not be available in the ebook version.

Research Methods Pedagogy: Engaging Psychology Students in Research Methods and Statistics

Author: Lynne Roberts

Publisher: Frontiers Media SA




View: 724

Research methods and statistics are central to the development of professional competence and evidence based psychological practice. (Noun, masculine) research on the development of psychological literacy. Despite this, many psychology students express little interest in, and in some cases of active dislike of, learning research methods and statistics. This ebook brings together current research, innovative evidence-based practice, and critical discourse.

Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology

Author: S Alexander Haslam

Publisher: SAGE


Category: Psychology

Page: 520

View: 596

'The strength of this book is in the determined approach it takes to helping the reader learn the subject matter by the inclusion of explanations of key terms and exercises. If coupled with tutorial support, this will encourage students to work harder at the subject matter - always a challenge in what many students perceive as the least accessible and interesting part of psychology. It is well worth considering as a core methods text for undergraduates or for masters students new to psychology'- John Hegarty, Times Higher Educational Supplement, Textbook Guide Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology is an accessible introduction to the principal research methods and statistical procedures that underpin psychological research. With a broad range of support materials and features it is the ideal textbook to accompany both a first and second year course. Key features of this new textbook: - Accompanying website: an interactive resource for both both teachers and students including powerpoint slides of lecture notes, self-test multiple choice questions and answers for students as well as other on-line features. To access these please click on the Companion Website logo above - Coverage of the full research process in psychology from the ground up, addressing issues to do with research goals, problem definition and hypothesis, methodological choices and strategy and ethical controversies. - Complete coverage of the key quantitative and qualitative methods now recognised in psychology. - A host of textbook features including checklists of research evaluation and improvement, discussion questions and exercises; and annotated further reading at the end of every chapter. - Appendices in the back of the textbook in conjunction with the accompanying website - step-by-step guide to performing key statistical tests and a guide to writing up experiments and reports in psychology. Research Methods and Statistics in Psychology is a comprehensive and student-friendly introductory textbook that deals with psychological research issues in depth, but which places an emphasis on the conceptual and practical skills necessary to become a good researcher.

Experimental Psychology

Research Methods and Statistics

Author: R.B. Burns

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media


Category: Psychology

Page: 439

View: 197

This book has been written to meet several needs. Firstly there is a need for a book which integrates statistics, research design, ex periments and report writing so that none is learned in a vacuum, as commonly is the case, isolated from the others. The aim is to make the student an active learner encouraged to carry out experiments, so ex periencing and understanding the design problems and statistical analyses in the practical context where he can see exactly what he is doing and why. The aim is that by the end of the book, the student should be able to evaluate the research of others, to define a problem, formulate a hypothesis about it, design and carry out the experiment, apply the correct statistics, discuss the results and implications, and write it all up in a logical and sensible fashion. The principle is that old pedagogic one of learning by doing. Secondly, there is a need for an introductory text on statistics, research design and experimental work for the many students who meet psychology and social science for the first time. The initiate in behavioural science needs to gain a conceptual understanding of statistical procedures and design techniques in order to carry out his own investigations and to understand and evaluate constructively the investigations of others. However, experience has shown us that many students (and even some fellow teachers) are somewhat reluctant to study this area as they believe it is difficult and involves mathematics.

Using IBM SPSS Statistics for Social Statistics and Research Methods

Author: William Edward Wagner

Publisher: Pine Forge Press


Category: Social Science

Page: 148

View: 754

Ideal as a companion to a statistics or research methods text or as a stand-alone guide, Using SPSS for Social Statistics and Research Methods shows readers how to use images and directions drawn from SPSS Version 18.0 and now uses the latest version of the GSS (General Social Survey) as a secondary data set. This supplementary text is designed as a manual for SPSS use for social statistics and research methods classes and is an excellent companion to any undergraduate statistics or research methods textbook. It will also serve as a useful reference for those learning to use the SPSS software for the first time. Features and Benefits: • Offers a fully updated graphics chapter that highlights new features available in SPSS 18.0, including information on alternative routes to creating graphics • Includes updated examples, screenshots and tables throughout • Expanded coverage of output interpretation • Refers to several kinds of computer files, including data files, output files and syntax files • Covers a wide range of data analysis topics to help students who are working independently on a research proposal, project or paper.

Statistics and Research Methodology: A Gentle Conversation

Author: P. Michael Politano

Publisher: Lulu.com



Page: 424

View: 570

A Gentle Conversation, Third Edition, is meant to be a student-friendly introductionto research methodology and statistics, aimed at allaying students' fears and anxietiesabout studying these topics. Our more conversational approach should help studentsfeel as if the authors are standing by them, explaining concepts and procedures as theyread through the text. We use examples throughout to clarify concepts and strengthen theconnections between statistics, data, and research questions. The authors emphasizeunderstanding not only the manipulation of statistical data, but also what the actualfindings mean in relation to significance issues, samples, and populations. We covereffect size for all statistical inquiries, from correlation to ANOVA.

Business Research Methods and Statistics Using SPSS

Author: Robert P Burns

Publisher: SAGE


Category: Business & Economics

Page: 560

View: 164

Ideal for those with a minimum of mathematical and statistical knowledge, Business Research Methods and Statistics Using SPSS provides an easy to follow approach to understanding and using quantitative methods and statistics. It is solidly grounded in the context of business and management research, enabling students to appreciate the practical applications of the techniques and procedures explained. The book is comprehensive in its coverage, including discussion of the business context, statistical analysis of data, survey methods, and reporting and presenting research. A companion website also contains four extra chapters for the more advanced student, along with PowerPoint slides for lecturers, and additional questions and exercises, all of which aim to help students to: - Understand the importance and application of statistics and quantitative methods in the field of business - Design effective research studies - Interpret statistical results - Use statistical information meaningfully - Use SPSS confidently