Statistical Methods for Global Health and Epidemiology

Principles, Methods and Applications

Author: Xinguang Chen

Publisher: Springer Nature


Category: Medical

Page: 403

View: 685

This book examines statistical methods and models used in the fields of global health and epidemiology. It includes methods such as innovative probability sampling, data harmonization and encryption, and advanced descriptive, analytical and monitory methods. Program codes using R are included as well as real data examples. Contemporary global health and epidemiology involves a myriad of medical and health challenges, including inequality of treatment, the HIV/AIDS epidemic and its subsequent control, the flu, cancer, tobacco control, drug use, and environmental pollution. In addition to its vast scales and telescopic perspective; addressing global health concerns often involves examining resource-limited populations with large geographic, socioeconomic diversities. Therefore, advancing global health requires new epidemiological design, new data, and new methods for sampling, data processing, and statistical analysis. This book provides global health researchers with methods that will enable access to and utilization of existing data. Featuring contributions from both epidemiological and biostatistical scholars, this book is a practical resource for researchers, practitioners, and students in solving global health problems in research, education, training, and consultation.

The Palgrave Handbook of Global Health Data Methods for Policy and Practice

Author: Sarah B. Macfarlane

Publisher: Springer


Category: Medical

Page: 532

View: 291

This handbook compiles methods for gathering, organizing and disseminating data to inform policy and manage health systems worldwide. Contributing authors describe national and international structures for generating data and explain the relevance of ethics, policy, epidemiology, health economics, demography, statistics, geography and qualitative methods to describing population health. The reader, whether a student of global health, public health practitioner, programme manager, data analyst or policymaker, will appreciate the methods, context and importance of collecting and using global health data.

Statistical Methods in Environmental Epidemiology

Author: Duncan C. Thomas

Publisher: Oxford University Press, USA


Category: Medical

Page: 449

View: 303

Environmental epidemiology is the study of the environmental causes of disease in populations and how these risks vary in relation to intensity and duration of exposure and other factors like genetic susceptibility. As such, it is the basic science upon which governmental safety standards and compensation policies for environmental and occupational exposure are based. Profusely illustrated with examples from the epidemiologic literature on ionizing radiation and air pollution, thistext provides a systematic treatment of the statistical challenges that arise in environmental health studies and the use epidemiologic data in formulating public policy, at a level suitable for graduate students and epidemiologic researchers.After a general overview of study design and statistical methods for epidemiology generally, the book goes on to address the problems that are unique to environmental health studies, special-purpose designs like two-phase case-control studies and countermatching, statistical methods for modeling exposure-time-response relationships, longitudinal and time-series studies, spatial and ecologic methods, exposure measurement error, interactions, and mechanistic models. It also discusses studiesaimed at evaluating the public health benefits of interventions to improve the environment, the use of epidemiologic data to establish environmental safety standards and compensation policy, and concludes with emerging problems in reproductive epidemiology, natural and man-made disasters like globalwarming, and the global burden of environmentally caused disease. No other book provides such a broad perspective on the methodological challenges in this field at a level accessible to both epidemiologists and statisticians.

Quantitative Epidemiology

Author: Xinguang Chen

Publisher: Springer


Category: Mathematics

Page: 230

View: 559

This book is designed to train graduate students across disciplines within the fields of public health and medicine, with the goal of guiding them in the transition to independent research. It focuses on theories, principles, techniques, and methods essential for data processing and quantitative analysis to address medical, health, and behavioral challenges. Students will learn to access existing data and process their own data, quantify the distribution of a medical or health problem to inform decision making; to identify influential factors of a disease/behavioral problem; and to support health promotion and disease prevention. Concepts, principles, methods and skills are demonstrated with SAS programs, figures and tables generated from real, publicly available data. In addition to various methods for introductory analysis, the following are featured: 4-dimensional measurement of distribution and geographic mapping, multiple linear and logistic regression, Poisson regression, Cox regression, missing data imputing, and statistical power analysis.

When People Come First

Critical Studies in Global Health

Author: João Biehl

Publisher: Princeton University Press


Category: Social Science

Page: 456

View: 165

A people-centered approach to global health When People Come First critically assesses the expanding field of global health. It brings together an international and interdisciplinary group of scholars to address the medical, social, political, and economic dimensions of the global health enterprise through vivid case studies and bold conceptual work. The book demonstrates the crucial role of ethnography as an empirical lantern in global health, arguing for a more comprehensive, people-centered approach. Topics include the limits of technological quick fixes in disease control, the moral economy of global health science, the unexpected effects of massive treatment rollouts in resource-poor contexts, and how right-to-health activism coalesces with the increased influence of the pharmaceutical industry on health care. The contributors explore the altered landscapes left behind after programs scale up, break down, or move on. We learn that disease is really never just one thing, technology delivery does not equate with care, and biology and technology interact in ways we cannot always predict. The most effective solutions may well be found in people themselves, who consistently exceed the projections of experts and the medical-scientific, political, and humanitarian frameworks in which they are cast. When People Come First sets a new research agenda in global health and social theory and challenges us to rethink the relationships between care, rights, health, and economic futures.

Introduction to Epidemiology

Author: Ray M. Merrill

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Publishers


Category: Education

Page: 425

View: 325

Introduction to Epidemiology, Sixth Edition is the ideal introductory text for the epidemiology student with minimal training in the biomedical sciences and statistics. With updated tables, figures, and examples throughout, the Sixth Edition is a thorough revision that offers an all new, real world examples to help better illustrate elusive concepts. Learning objectives, as well as study questions with descriptive answers, in each chapter engage the student in further analysis and reflection. New Features of the Sixth Edition: Updated tables and figures. Addition of several real-world, practical examples. Added focus on setting-up contingency tables and calculating and interpreting appropriate measures of association. Greater detail and examples on conducting hypothesis testing. Greater detail and examples on calculating age-adjusting rates. Greater detail and examples on calculating years of potential life lost. Greater detail and examples on assessing clinical trials. Updated case studies.

Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences

Author: N. Balakrishnan

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Mathematics

Page: 986

View: 866

"Data collection holds an essential part in dictating the future of health sciences and public health, as the compilation of statistics allows researchers and medical practitioners to monitor trends in health status, identify health problems, and evaluate the impact of health policies and programs. Methods and Applications of Statistics in the Life and Health Sciences serves as a single, one-of-a-kind resource on the wide range of statistical methods, techniques, and applications that are applied in modern life and health sciences in research. Specially designed to present encyclopedic content in an accessible and self-contained format, this book outlines thorough coverage of the underlying theory and standard applications to research in related disciplines such as biology, epidemiology, clinical trials, and public health. Uniquely combining established literature with cutting-edge research, this book contains classical works and more than twenty-five new articles and completely revised contributions from the acclaimed Encyclopedia of Statistical Sciences, Second Edition. The result is a compilation of more than eighty articles that explores classic methodology and new topics."--Publisher's description.

The Role of Functional Food Security in Global Health

Author: Ronald Ross Watson

Publisher: Academic Press


Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 792

View: 163

The Role of Functional Food Security in Global Health presents a collective approach to food security through the use of functional foods as a strategy to prevent under nutrition and related diseases. This approach reflects the views of the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the World Health Organization, the World Heart Federation and the American Heart Association who advise Mediterranean, Paleolithic, plant food based diets, and European vegetarian diets for the prevention of cardiovascular disease. In addition, the book also emphasizes the inclusion of spices, herbs and millets, as well as animal foods. This book will be a great resource to the food industry as it presents the most efficient ways to use technology to manufacture slowly absorbed, micronutrient rich functional foods by blending foods that are rich in healthy nutrients. Provides greater knowledge on functional food security Highlights the necessary changes to the western diet that are needed to achieve food security Explains the utility and necessity of functional food security in the prevention of noncommunicable diseases Presents policy changes in food production for farmers and the larger food industry Offers suggestions on what can be done to enhance functional food production while simultaneously decreasing production costs