Zwecks Reduktion von Reibung und Verschleiß beim Tiefziehen von Leichtbauwerkstoffen wurden die Oberflächen gehärteter Ziehwerkzeuge durch maschinelles Oberflächenhämmern bearbeitet. Gegenstand der Dissertation ist die Erforschung der Wechselwirkungen zwischen den Parametern des Oberflächenhämmerns und den resultierenden Werkzeugoberflächen sowie die Wirkungsweise von gehämmerten Werkzeugoberflächen auf Reibung, Verschleiß und Schmierung.
Simulation of combustion and pollutant formation for engine-development
Author: Günter P. Merker
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Category: Technology & Engineering
The numerical simulation of combustion processes in internal combustion engines, including also the formation of pollutants, has become increasingly important in the recent years, and today the simulation of those processes has already become an indispensable tool when - veloping new combustion concepts. While pure thermodynamic models are well-established tools that are in use for the simulation of the transient behavior of complex systems for a long time, the phenomenological models have become more important in the recent years and have also been implemented in these simulation programs. In contrast to this, the thr- dimensional simulation of in-cylinder combustion, i. e. the detailed, integrated and continuous simulation of the process chain injection, mixture formation, ignition, heat release due to combustion and formation of pollutants, has been significantly improved, but there is still a number of challenging problems to solve, regarding for example the exact description of s- processes like the structure of turbulence during combustion as well as the appropriate choice of the numerical grid. While chapter 2 includes a short introduction of functionality and operating modes of internal combustion engines, the basics of kinetic reactions are presented in chapter 3. In chapter 4 the physical and chemical processes taking place in the combustion chamber are described. Ch- ter 5 is about phenomenological multi-zone models, and in chapter 6 the formation of poll- ants is described.
The present book is based on the experience of the author. The experience is mainly the result of years of research, of consulting work, and in participation in policy decision making in many felds, most, but not all, related to outdoor lighting. To some degree, the book represents the preference of the author. The selection of the subjects is based on more than 50 years of experience of what is desirable to know for persons engaged in scientifc research or practical application in the felds of lighting and vision. The subjects deal with a number of fundamental aspects. The theorists must have them at their fngertips, whereas the practical engineers may assume them as known in their daily work. The selection of subjects is based in part by the questions that came to the author over the years, but even more by the preference of the author himself. In this respect, it is a personal book. Thus, it should be stressed that the book is not a ‘handbook’ or even a ‘textbook’; many subjects that commonly are treated in such books are not included here. Not because they lack importance, but because the author feels that they are adequately treated elsewhere. Some relevant works are mentioned in the References. Over the years, the author has been engaged in giving courses on vision and lighting, lately more in particular on Masterclasses on a post-graduate or post-doctorate level.
The guiding principle of this presentation of ``Classical Complex Analysis'' is to proceed as quickly as possible to the central results while using a small number of notions and concepts from other fields. Thus the prerequisites for understanding this book are minimal; only elementary facts of calculus and algebra are required. The first four chapters cover the essential core of complex analysis: - differentiation in C (including elementary facts about conformal mappings) - integration in C (including complex line integrals, Cauchy's Integral Theorem, and the Integral Formulas) - sequences and series of analytic functions, (isolated) singularities, Laurent series, calculus of residues - construction of analytic functions: the gamma function, Weierstrass' Factorization Theorem, Mittag-Leffler Partial Fraction Decomposition, and -as a particular highlight- the Riemann Mapping Theorem, which characterizes the simply connected domains in C. Further topics included are: - the theory of elliptic functions based on the model of K. Weierstrass (with an excursions to older approaches due to N.H. Abel and C.G.J. Jacobi using theta series) - an introduction to the theory of elliptic modular functions and elliptic modular forms - the use of complex analysis to obtain number theoretical results - a proof of the Prime Number Theorem with a weak form of the error term. The book is especially suited for graduated students in mathematics and advanced undergraduated students in mathematics and other sciences. Motivating introductions, more than four hundred exercises of all levels of difficulty with hints or solutions, historical annotations, and over 120 figures make the overall presentation very attractive. The structure of the text, including abstracts beginning each chapter and highlighting of the main results, makes this book very appropriate for self-guided study and an indispensable aid in preparing for tests. This English edition is based on the fourth forthcoming German edition.