Sports officials (umpires, referees, judges) play a vital role in every sport, and sports governing bodies, fans, and players now expect officials to maintain higher professional standards than ever before. In this ground-breaking book, a team of leading international sport scientists and top level officials have come together to examine, for the first time, the science and practice of officiating in sport, helping us to better understand the skills, techniques and physical requirements of successful refereeing. The book covers every key component of the official’s role, including: Training and career development Fitness and physical preparation Visual processing Judgement and decision-making Communication and game management Psychological demands and skills Using technology Performance evaluation Researching and studying officials in sport Top-level officials or officiating managers contribute in the ‘Official’s Call’ sections, reflecting on their experiences in real in-game situations across a wide range of international sports, and on how a better understanding of science and technique can help improve professional practice. No other book has attempted to combine leading edge contemporary sport science with the realities of match officiating in this way, and therefore this book is vital reading for any advanced student of sport science, sport coaching or sport development, or any practising official or sports administrator looking to raise their professional standards.
Successful Sports Officiating is the handbook for officials at all levels and across all sports to learn the basic principles of officiating and how to apply them. Written by leading officiating experts, Successful Sports Officiating covers a broad range of topics, including officiating objectives, conduct, communication skills, decision-making skills, conflict management, fitness and injury prevention, time management, legal rights and responsibilities, business aspects of officiating, and career development.
Written and edited by a team of expert practitioners in the art and science of officiating, the second edition of "Successful" "Sports Officiating" will serve new officials well in their quest to understand and apply the basic principles of successful officiating.
Sport officials are tasked with maintaining order and adjudicating sport contests. Given their multifaceted role in enforcing rules, standardizing competitions, and keeping sport safe for all participants, they are a requisite part of the sport workforce. With ongoing reports of annual attrition rates in officiating in excess of 20-35% for various sports around the world, there is more than ample evidence that officiating dropout is a persistent, pervasive, and global challenge underpinned by multiple contributing factors including, but not limited to, the threat of verbal and physical abuse. Moreover, despite worldwide recognition and growing interest in the problem, there has not been a comprehensive resource for sport scientists and practitioners studying or working to reverse the ongoing trend. Sport Officiating: Recruitment, Development, and Retention provides a ‘state of the science’ summary in the emerging area of inquiry limited to sport officiating recruitment, development, and retention, and, provides insight and evidence-based approaches to the development of successful officiating development programs (ODP). This book is a primary reference work using a multifaceted, holistic, and evidence-based approach to integrate key findings from the sport science literature to date in suggesting and providing real-world solutions to the practical issues faced by sport organizers. Sport Officiating: Recruitment, Development, and Retention is a key resource for researchers interested in the development of sport officials and for sport practitioners aiming to implement officiating development programs (ODP) at any level within sport systems.
Make sure you're in the right place at the right time to make the right call. Based on National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS) rules, Officiating Softball covers officiating procedures and responsibilities, plate and field umpire mechanics for both fast-pitch and slow-pitch softball, and rules application. You'll learn what's expected of you as an umpire, pre- and postgame duties, and equipment and safety regulations. The book contains three chapters detailing basic umpiring positions and descriptions; plate umpire mechanics; field umpire mechanics; and one-, two-, and three-umpire systems. Also included are real-life cases that demonstrate correct rulings, point out common umpiring errors and how to avoid them, and challenge you to make the right call in game situations. Officiating Softball is not a rules book--it's a practical resource on applying the rules and umpiring mechanics developed and approved by the NFHS. Officiating Softball was written by the American Sport Education Program (ASEP) in cooperation with the NFHS. It serves as the text for the NFHS Officiating Softball Methods Online Course, offered through the NFHS Officials Education Program.
A guide to high school soccer officiating that provides the NFHS code of ethics; discusses game procedures, responsibilities, and officiating mechanics; and contains example scenarios with discussion on appropriate rulings for each. Includes illustrations and diagrams.
Few athletes can match the intensity that wrestlers bring to the mat. As a wrestling official, you're expected to bring that same intensity to your craft. That means knowing not only the rules but also the mechanics for applying them. Officiating Wrestling breaks down the mechanics of officiating the sport to ensure that you're in the right place at the right time to make the right call. Based on officiating mechanics devised and endorsed by the National Federation of State High School Associations (NFHS), Officiating Wrestling is the definitive guide for new and experienced high school wrestling officials. Included are guidelines for what's expected of you as a wrestling official, officiating procedures and responsibilities, pre- and postmatch duties, and equipment and safety regulations. Several chapters are dedicated to mechanics, supported by more than 100 photos and illustrations showing positioning, mechanics, and signals. Real-life cases demonstrate correct rulings, point out common officiating errors and how to avoid them, and challenge you to make the right call in match situations. A glossary of key wrestling terms is also included. Officiating Wrestling is not a rules book--it's a practical resource for implementing correct mechanics as developed and approved by the NFHS. An added bonus is a special section explaining freestyle for both men and women, as well as Greco-Roman, and the differences between these styles and folkstyle wrestling.
A comprehensive guide to officiating volleyball that discusses the duties of officials, match procedures, ball-handling violations, offensive alignments, overlapping, screening, and the rules as they apply to the game, the court, equipment, uniforms, teams, and officials.
The book officiating and coaching is based on the revised curriculum of B.P.Ed. The Purpose of the book is to provide relevant text to the students. The book is written is simple language and easy to understand. The book will provide an authoritative source of information, not only for the students but also for researchers and coaches. The book is written in simple language and easy to understand. I hope the book will not only useful for the students but also it helps teacher, researches and coaches. They can enhance their knowledge on this subject with the help of this book. Suggestions from the readers are always welcome to improve its future edition.
Never before have Two-Person and Three-Person mechanics been covered by Referee in the same publication. Brought to life with Referee's PlayPicTM and MechaniGramTM illustrations, Basketball Mechanics Illustrated will show you the positions to be in and what you need to look for to make the right call. The portable size makes it a handy tool for both preseason study and in-season reference. Every book comes with a companion CD-ROM that has color images to enhance learning and meetings. With major mechanics changes in 2009 for crews of two and three, every official should have their own copy.
"An official's sense of humor is very important. It is his ability to put himself in the stands as a fan and laugh at his own mistakes." - John Laurie John Laurie, Ph.D. began his officiating career over 40 years ago. He has officiated at every level including over 25 years as a referee in the Big 8 and Big XII Football Conferences. He served as president of the Football Officials Associations of both conferences and is a member of the Kansas Collegiate Officials Hall of Fame. He officiated as a referee at numerous college championships including the Rose Bowl, Sugar Bowl, and Fiesta Bowl.
Soccer is undeniably the most popular sport in the world. While we know much about its high-profile players and their increasing wealth and global influence, we know little about referees and the ways in which refereeing has changed throughout the history of the sport. This book provides an in-depth exploration of the evolution of the match official. It presents a comparative analysis of elite Association football referees in England, Spain and Italy, as well as offering insights into the involvement of UEFA and FIFA in referee training. Drawing on archive material, the book documents the historical development of refereeing and sheds new light on the practice of elite refereeing in the present day. Including exclusive interviews with elite and ex-elite referees, as well as with professional soccer managers and members of the broadcast media, it considers the current role of match officials and the challenges and controversies they encounter. Elite Soccer Referees: Officiating in the Premier League, La Liga and Serie A is fascinating reading for all students and scholars with an interest in soccer, sport history, sport policy, sport management and the sociology of sport.
A Critical Analysis of the National College Associations
Author: Larry C. Robinson
Category: Sports & Recreation
The Church has historically played a significant role in the development and preservation of African American families. Despite the tremendous difficulties experienced by African Americans as a result of slavery and the racism that has heretofore plagued American society, the church and family remain, by virtually all accounts, the two most enduring institutions in African American life. The Black Church and family have been seen as a union that is indelibly connected, with the life of either inextricably linked to the strength of the other.As in the past, the future vitality and preservation of African American family life will depend largely upon how churches wholistically address the needs that exist within the family context. African American family preservation involves the appropriation of those spiritual and temporal resources, including values, traditions, methods, processes, systems, philosophies and theologies which will result in the ongoing sustainment, vitality and valuation of family structures and communities.This book offers a framework for the church's engagement in the task of African American family preservation. The primary objective is to develop a model that can be used by churches to support the critical needs of African American families. The overall concern involves discovering ways in which we might better understand the contemporary African American church in relationship to the families which comprise it, and the community in which it resides. The objective here is to ascertain -- beyond any particular denominational distinctive or theological strand -- the effects of these and other theologies upon the Black church and family life.
This manual supports the various National Officiating Accreditation Scheme courses. This updated and revised manual focuses on the areas of self-management, managing the competition environment and people management, and gives officials the opportunity to apply inclusive techniques that provide enhanced opportunities for athletes with a disability to participate.