Spatial Data Handling in Big Data Era

Select Papers from the 17th IGU Spatial Data Handling Symposium 2016

Author: Chenghu Zhou

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 237

View: 823

This proceedings volume introduces recent work on the storage, retrieval and visualization of spatial Big Data, data-intensive geospatial computing and related data quality issues. Further, it addresses traditional topics such as multi-scale spatial data representations, knowledge discovery, space-time modeling, and geological applications. Spatial analysis and data mining are increasingly facing the challenges of Big Data as more and more types of crowd sourcing spatial data are used in GIScience, such as movement trajectories, cellular phone calls, and social networks. In order to effectively manage these massive data collections, new methods and algorithms are called for. The book highlights state-of-the-art advances in the handling and application of spatial data, especially spatial Big Data, offering a cutting-edge reference guide for graduate students, researchers and practitioners in the field of GIScience.

Big Data Computing for Geospatial Applications

Author: Zhenlong Li

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 222

View: 614

The convergence of big data and geospatial computing has brought forth challenges and opportunities to Geographic Information Science with regard to geospatial data management, processing, analysis, modeling, and visualization. This book highlights recent advancements in integrating new computing approaches, spatial methods, and data management strategies to tackle geospatial big data challenges and meanwhile demonstrates opportunities for using big data for geospatial applications. Crucial to the advancements highlighted in this book is the integration of computational thinking and spatial thinking and the transformation of abstract ideas and models to concrete data structures and algorithms.

Handbook of IoT and Blockchain

Methods, Solutions, and Recent Advancements

Author: Brojo Kishore Mishra

Publisher: CRC Press

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 192

View: 514

Handbook of IoT and Blockchain: Methods, solutions, and Recent Advancements includes contributions from around the globe on recent advances and findings in the domain of Internet of Things (IoT) and Blockchain. Chapters include theoretical analysis, practical implications, and extensive surveys with analysis on methods, algorithms, and processes for new product development. IoT and Blockchain are the emerging topics in the current manufacturing scenario.This handbook includes recent advances; showcases the work of research around the globe; offers theoretical analysis and practical implications; presents extensive surveys with analysis, new contributions, and proposals on methods, algorithms, and processes; and also covers recent advances from quantitative and qualitative articles, case studies, conceptual works, and theoretical backing. This handbook will be of interest to graduate students, researchers, academicians, institutions, and professionals that are interested in exploring the areas of IoT and Blockchain.

Spatial Database for GPS Wildlife Tracking Data

A Practical Guide to Creating a Data Management System with PostgreSQL/PostGIS and R

Author: Ferdinando Urbano

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 257

View: 535

This book guides animal ecologists, biologists and wildlife and data managers through a step-by-step procedure to build their own advanced software platforms to manage and process wildlife tracking data. This unique, problem-solving-oriented guide focuses on how to extract the most from GPS animal tracking data, while preventing error propagation and optimizing analysis performance. Based on the open source PostgreSQL/PostGIS spatial database, the software platform will allow researchers and managers to integrate and harmonize GPS tracking data together with animal characteristics, environmental data sets, including remote sensing image time series, and other bio-logged data, such as acceleration data. Moreover, the book shows how the powerful R statistical environment can be integrated into the software platform, either connecting the database with R, or embedding the same tools in the database through the PostgreSQL extension Pl/R. The client/server architecture allows users to remotely connect a number of software applications that can be used as a database front end, including GIS software and WebGIS. Each chapter offers a real-world data management and processing problem that is discussed in its biological context; solutions are proposed and exemplified through ad hoc SQL code, progressively exploring the potential of spatial database functions applied to the respective wildlife tracking case. Finally, wildlife tracking management issues are discussed in the increasingly widespread framework of collaborative science and data sharing. GPS animal telemetry data from a real study, freely available online, are used to demonstrate the proposed examples. This book is also suitable for undergraduate and graduate students, if accompanied by the basics of databases.

Big Data Analytics for Satellite Image Processing and Remote Sensing

Author: Swarnalatha, P.

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 253

View: 624

The scope of image processing and recognition has broadened due to the gap in scientific visualization. Thus, new imaging techniques have developed, and it is imperative to study this progression for optimal utilization. Big Data Analytics for Satellite Image Processing and Remote Sensing is a critical scholarly resource that examines the challenges and difficulties of implementing big data in image processing for remote sensing and related areas. Featuring coverage on a broad range of topics, such as distributed computing, parallel processing, and spatial data, this book is geared towards scientists, professionals, researchers, and academicians seeking current research on the use of big data analytics in satellite image processing and remote sensing.

Data Science for COVID-19

Volume 2: Societal and Medical Perspectives

Author: Utku Kose

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 812

View: 138

Data Science for COVID-19, Volume 2: Societal and Medical Perspectives presents the most current and leading-edge research into the applications of a variety of data science techniques for the detection, mitigation, treatment and elimination of the COVID-19 virus. At this point, Cognitive Data Science is the most powerful tool for researchers to fight COVID-19. Thanks to instant data-analysis and predictive techniques, including Artificial Intelligence, Machine Learning, Deep Learning, Data Mining, and computational modeling for processing large amounts of data, recognizing patterns, modeling new techniques, and improving both research and treatment outcomes is now possible. Provides a leading-edge survey of Data Science techniques and methods for research, mitigation and the treatment of the COVID-19 virus Integrates various Data Science techniques to provide a resource for COVID-19 researchers and clinicians around the world, including the wide variety of impacts the virus is having on societies and medical practice Presents insights into innovative, data-oriented modeling and predictive techniques from COVID-19 researchers around the world, including geoprocessing and tracking, lab data analysis, and theoretical views on a variety of technical applications Includes real-world feedback and user experiences from physicians and medical staff from around the world for medical treatment perspectives, public safety policies and impacts, sociological and psychological perspectives, the effects of COVID-19 in agriculture, economies, and education, and insights on future pandemics

High Performance Computing for Geospatial Applications

Author: Wenwu Tang

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 296

View: 724

This volume fills a research gap between the rapid development of High Performance Computing (HPC) approaches and their geospatial applications. With a focus on geospatial applications, the book discusses in detail how researchers apply HPC to tackle their geospatial problems. Based on this focus, the book identifies the opportunities and challenges revolving around geospatial applications of HPC. Readers are introduced to the fundamentals of HPC, and will learn how HPC methods are applied in various specific areas of geospatial study. The book begins by discussing theoretical aspects and methodological uses of HPC within a geospatial context, including parallel algorithms, geospatial data handling, spatial analysis and modeling, and cartography and geovisualization. Then, specific domain applications of HPC are addressed in the contexts of earth science, land use and land cover change, urban studies, transportation studies, and social science. The book will be of interest to scientists and engineers who are interested in applying cutting-edge HPC technologies in their respective fields, as well as students and faculty engaged in geography, environmental science, social science, and computer science.

Smart Spaces and Places

Author: Ling Bian

Publisher: Routledge

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 260

View: 217

Smart technologies have advanced rapidly throughout our society (e.g. smart energy, smart health, smart living, smart cities, smart environment, and smart society) and across geographic spaces and places. Behind these "smart" developments are a number of seminal drivers, such as social media (e.g. Twitter), sensors (drones, wearables), smartphone apps, and computing infrastructure (e.g. cloud computing). These developments have captured the enthusiasm of the public, while inevitably present unprecedented challenges and opportunities for the geographic research community. When meeting the smart challenges, are there emerging theories, methods, and observations that reveal new spatial phenomena, produce new knowledge, and foster new policies? Smart Spaces and Places addresses questions such as how to make spaces and places "smart", how the "smartness" affects the way we think spaces and places, and what role geographies play in knowledge production and decision-making in a "smart" era. The collection of 21 chapters offers stimulating discussion over the meaning of spaces, places, and smartness; scientific insights into smartness; social-political views of smartness; and policy implications of smartness. The chapters in this book were originally published as a special issue of Annals of the American Association of Geographers.

Beyond Databases, Architectures and Structures. Facing the Challenges of Data Proliferation and Growing Variety

14th International Conference, BDAS 2018, Held at the 24th IFIP World Computer Congress, WCC 2018, Poznan, Poland, September 18-20, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Stanisław Kozielski

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 506

View: 378

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 14th International Conference entitled Beyond Databases, Architectures and Structures, BDAS 2018, held in Poznań, Poland, in September 2018, during the IFIP World Computer Congress. It consists of 38 carefully reviewed papers selected from 102 submissions. The papers are organized in topical sections, namely big data and cloud computing; architectures, structures and algorithms for efficient data processing; artificial intelligence, data mining and knowledge discovery; text mining, natural language processing, ontologies and semantic web; image analysis and multimedia mining.

Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management

21st International Conference, EKAW 2018, Nancy, France, November 12-16, 2018, Proceedings

Author: Catherine Faron Zucker

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 586

View: 749

This book constitutes the refereed proceedings of the 21th International Conference on Knowledge Engineering and Knowledge Management, EKAW 2018, held in Nancy, France, in November 2018. The 36 full papers presented were carefully reviewed and selected from 104 submissions. The papers cover all aspects of eliciting, acquiring, modeling, and managing knowledge, the construction of knowledge-intensive systems and services for the Semantic Web, knowledge management, e-business, natural language processing, intelligent information integration, personal digital assistance systems, and a variety of other related topics. A special focus was on "Knowledge and AI", i.e. papers describing algorithms, tools, methodologies, and applications that exploit the interplay between knowledge and Artificial Intelligence techniques, with a special emphasis on knowledge discovery.

The Geographical Sciences During 1986—2015

From the Classics To the Frontiers

Author: Shuying Leng

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 596

View: 593

In four chapters and an introduction, this book systematically helps readers understand the development of the Geographical Sciences both in China and in the world during the past 30 years. Through data analysis of methodologies including CiteSpace, TDA, qualitative analysis, questionnaires, data mining and mathematical statistics, the book explains the evolution of research topics and their driving factors in the Geographical Sciences and its four branches, namely Physical Geography, Human Geography, Geographical Information Science and Environmental Geography. It also identifies the role of the Geographical Sciences in the analysis of strategic issues such as global change and terrestrial ecosystems, terrestrial water cycle and water resources, land change, global cryosphere evolution and land surface processes on the Tibetan Plateau, economic globalization and local responses, regional sustainable development, remote sensing modelling and parameter inversion, spatial analysis and simulation, and tempo-spatial processes and modelling of environmental pollutants. It then discusses research development and inadequacy of Chinese Geographical Sciences in the above-mentioned topics, as well as in the fields including Geomorphology and Quaternary environmental change, Ecohydrology, ecosystem services, the urbanization process and mechanism, medical and health geography, international rivers and transboundary environment and resources, detection and attribution of changes in land surface sensitive components, and uncertainty of spatial information and spatial analysis. It shows that the NSFC has driven the development in all these topics and fields. In addition, the book summarises trends of the Geographical Sciences in China and the research level in major countries of the world through an overview of geographical education in colleges and universities, the analysis of publications, citations and author networks of SCI/SSCI and CSCD indexed articles, and the description of Sino-USA, Sino-UK and Sino-German cooperation. This book serves as an important reference to anyone interested in geographical sciences and related fields.

Reasoning Web. Reasoning and the Web in the Big Data Era

10th International Summer School 2014, Athens, Greece, September 8-13, 2014. Proceedings

Author: Manolis Koubarakis

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 390

View: 956

This volume contains the lecture notes of the 10th Reasoning Web Summer School 2014, held in Athens, Greece, in September 2014. In 2014, the lecture program of the Reasoning Web introduces students to recent advances in big data aspects of semantic web and linked data, and the fundamentals of reasoning techniques that can be used to tackle big data applications.

Geo-intelligence for Sustainable Development

Author: T. P. Singh

Publisher: Springer Nature

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 227

View: 484

Globally, concerns for the environment and human well-being have increased as results of threats imposed by climate change and disasters, environmental degradation, pollution of natural resources, water scarcity and proliferation of slums. Finding appropriate solutions to these threats and challenges is not simple, as these are generally complex and require state-of-the-art technology to collect, measure, handle and analyse large volumes of varying data sets. However, the recent advances in sensor technology, coupled with the rapid development of computational power, have greatly enhanced our abilities to capture, store and analyse the surrounding physical environment. This book explores diverse dimensions of geo-intelligence (GI) technology in developing a computing framework for location-based, data-integrating earth observation and predictive modelling to address these issues at all levels and scales. The book provides insight into the applications of GI technology in several fields of spatial and social sciences and attempts to bridge the gap between them.

Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications

Proceedings of the 9th International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications (IBICA 2018) held in Kochi, India during December 17-19, 2018

Author: Ajith Abraham

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 520

View: 782

This book highlights recent research on bio-inspired computing and its various innovative applications in Information and Communication Technologies. It presents 50 high-quality papers from the 9th International Conference on Innovations in Bio-Inspired Computing and Applications (IBICA 2018) and 7th World Congress on Information and Communication Technologies (WICT 2018), which was held at Toc H Institute of Science and Technology (TIST) on December 17–19, 2018. IBICA-WICT 2018 was a premier conference and brought together researchers, engineers and practitioners whose work involved bio-inspired computing, computational intelligence and their applications in information security, real-world contexts etc. Including contributions by authors from 22 countries, the book offers a valuable reference guide for all researchers, students and practitioners in the fields of Computer Science and Engineering.

The Rise of Big Spatial Data

Author: Igor Ivan

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 408

View: 655

This edited volume gathers the proceedings of the Symposium GIS Ostrava 2016, the Rise of Big Spatial Data, held at the Technical University of Ostrava, Czech Republic, March 16–18, 2016. Combining theoretical papers and applications by authors from around the globe, it summarises the latest research findings in the area of big spatial data and key problems related to its utilisation. Welcome to dawn of the big data era: though it’s in sight, it isn’t quite here yet. Big spatial data is characterised by three main features: volume beyond the limit of usual geo-processing, velocity higher than that available using conventional processes, and variety, combining more diverse geodata sources than usual. The popular term denotes a situation in which one or more of these key properties reaches a point at which traditional methods for geodata collection, storage, processing, control, analysis, modelling, validation and visualisation fail to provide effective solutions. >Entering the era of big spatial data calls for finding solutions that address all “small data” issues that soon create “big data” troubles. Resilience for big spatial data means solving the heterogeneity of spatial data sources (in topics, purpose, completeness, guarantee, licensing, coverage etc.), large volumes (from gigabytes to terabytes and more), undue complexity of geo-applications and systems (i.e. combination of standalone applications with web services, mobile platforms and sensor networks), neglected automation of geodata preparation (i.e. harmonisation, fusion), insufficient control of geodata collection and distribution processes (i.e. scarcity and poor quality of metadata and metadata systems), limited analytical tool capacity (i.e. domination of traditional causal-driven analysis), low visual system performance, inefficient knowledge-discovery techniques (for transformation of vast amounts of information into tiny and essential outputs) and much more. These trends are accelerating as sensors become more ubiquitous around the world.

Geospatial Intelligence: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications

Author: Management Association, Information Resources

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN:

Category: Technology & Engineering

Page: 1853

View: 699

Decision makers, such as government officials, need to better understand human activity in order to make informed decisions. With the ability to measure and explore geographic space through the use of geospatial intelligence data sources including imagery and mapping data, they are better able to measure factors affecting the human population. As a broad field of study, geospatial research has applications in a variety of fields including military science, environmental science, civil engineering, and space exploration. Geospatial Intelligence: Concepts, Methodologies, Tools, and Applications explores multidisciplinary applications of geographic information systems to describe, assess, and visually depict physical features and to gather data, information, and knowledge regarding human activity. Highlighting a range of topics such as geovisualization, spatial analysis, and landscape mapping, this multi-volume book is ideally designed for data scientists, engineers, government agencies, researchers, and graduate-level students in GIS programs.

Supply Chain Management in the Big Data Era

Author: Chan, Hing Kai

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN:

Category: Business & Economics

Page: 299

View: 133

Technological advancements in recent years have led to significant developments within a variety of business applications. In particular, data-driven research provides ample opportunity for enterprise growth, if utilized efficiently. Supply Chain Management in the Big Data Era is an authoritative reference source for the latest scholarly material on the implementation of big data analytics for improved operations and supply chain processes. Highlighting emerging strategies from different industry perspectives, this book is ideally designed for managers, professionals, practitioners, and students interested in the most recent research on supply chain innovations.

Advances in Remote Sensing for Global Forest Monitoring

Author: Erkki Tomppo

Publisher: MDPI

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 352

View: 138

The topics of the book cover forest parameter estimation, methods to assess land cover and change, forest disturbances and degradation, and forest soil drought estimations. Airborne laser scanner data, aerial images, as well as data from passive and active sensors of different spatial, spectral and temporal resolutions have been utilized. Parametric and non-parametric methods including machine and deep learning methods have been employed. Uncertainty estimation is a key topic in each study. In total, 15 articles are included, of which one is a review article dealing with methods employed in remote sensing aided greenhouse gas inventories, and one is the Editorial summary presenting a short review of each article.

Enterprise Management Strategies in the Era of Cloud Computing

Author: Rao, N. Raghavendra

Publisher: IGI Global

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 359

View: 545

Recent advances in internet architecture have led to the advent and subsequent explosion of cloud computing technologies, providing businesses with a powerful toolbox of collaborative digital resources. These technologies have fostered a more flexible, decentralized approach to IT infrastructure, enabling businesses to operate in a more agile fashion and on a globalized scale. Enterprise Management Strategies in the Era of Cloud Computing seeks to explore the possibilities of business in the cloud. Targeting an audience of research scholars, students, software developers, and business professionals, this premier reference source provides a cutting-edge look at the exciting and multifaceted relationships between cloud computing, software virtualization, collaborative technology, and business infrastructure in the 21st Century.

Spatial Data Mining

Theory and Application

Author: Deren Li

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Computers

Page: 308

View: 487

· This book is an updated version of a well-received book previously published in Chinese by Science Press of China (the first edition in 2006 and the second in 2013). It offers a systematic and practical overview of spatial data mining, which combines computer science and geo-spatial information science, allowing each field to profit from the knowledge and techniques of the other. To address the spatiotemporal specialties of spatial data, the authors introduce the key concepts and algorithms of the data field, cloud model, mining view, and Deren Li methods. The data field method captures the interactions between spatial objects by diffusing the data contribution from a universe of samples to a universe of population, thereby bridging the gap between the data model and the recognition model. The cloud model is a qualitative method that utilizes quantitative numerical characters to bridge the gap between pure data and linguistic concepts. The mining view method discriminates the different requirements by using scale, hierarchy, and granularity in order to uncover the anisotropy of spatial data mining. The Deren Li method performs data preprocessing to prepare it for further knowledge discovery by selecting a weight for iteration in order to clean the observed spatial data as much as possible. In addition to the essential algorithms and techniques, the book provides application examples of spatial data mining in geographic information science and remote sensing. The practical projects include spatiotemporal video data mining for protecting public security, serial image mining on nighttime lights for assessing the severity of the Syrian Crisis, and the applications in the government project ‘the Belt and Road Initiatives’.