Dr. Grumanís book examines the quest for longevity and immortality up to the year 1800. He presents multicultural perspectives and attitudes as depicted in Islamic and Chinese societies as well as in Western Civilization. This scholarly work contributes to our understanding of the origins of medicine, personal hygiene and public health as well as the underlying psychological and social determinants of longevity and humanityís longing for its attainment.
Body Parts, Sicknesses, Instruments, and Medicinal Preparations
Author: Juhani Norri
Category: Literary Criticism
Medical texts written in English during the late Middle Ages have in recent years attracted increasing attention among scholars. From approximately 1375 onwards, the use of English began to gain a firmer foothold in medical manuscripts, which in previous centuries had been written mainly in Latin or French. Scholars of Middle English, and editors of medical texts from late medieval England, are thus faced with a huge medical vocabulary which no single volume has yet attempted to define. This dictionary is therefore an essential reference tool. The material analysed in the Dictionary of Medical Vocabulary in English, 1375–1550 includes edited texts, manuscripts and early printed books, and represents three main types of medical writing: surgical manuals and tracts; academic treatises by university-trained physicians, and remedybooks. The dictionary covers four lexical fields: names of sicknesses, body parts, instruments, and medicinal preparations. Entries are structured as follows: (1) headword (2) scribal variants occurring in the texts (3) etymology (4) definition(s), each definition followed by relevant quotations (5) references to corresponding entries in the Dictionary of Old English, Middle English Dictionary, and The Oxford English Dictionary (6) references to academic books and articles containing information on the history and/or meaning of the term.
Habent sua Jata colloquia. The present volume has its ongms in a spring 1984 international workshop held, under the auspices of the Israel Academy of Sciences and Humanities, by The Institute for the History and Philosophy of Science and Ideas of Tel-Aviv University in cooperation with The Van Leer Jerusalem Foundation. It contains twelve of the twenty papers presented at the workshop by the twenty-six participants. As Proceedings of conferences go, it is a good representative of the genre, sharing in the main characteristics of its ilk. It may even be one of the rare instances of a book of Proceed ings whose descriptive title applies equally well to the workshop's topic and to the interrelations between. the various papers it includes. Tension and Accommodation are the key words. Thus, while John Glucker's paper, 'Images of Plato in Late Antiqu ity,' raises, by means of the Platonic example, the problem of interpreta tion of ancient texts, suggesting the assignment of proper weight to the creator of the tradition and not only to his many later interpreters in assessing the proper relationship between originator and commentators, Abraham Wasserstein's 'Hunches that did not come off: Some Prob lems in Greek Science' illustrates the long-lived Whiggish tradition in the history of science and mathematics. As those familiar with my work will undoubtedly note, Wasserstein's position is far removed from my stance on ancient Greek mathematics.
This is the first volume to cover desalination in such depth anddetail, offering engineers, technicians, and operators fullcoverage of the applications, economics, and expectations of whatwill certainly become one of the most important water-relatedprocesses on the planet. Covering thermal processes andmembrane processes, this is the only volume any engineer working indesalination must have, covering both practical and theoreticalissues encountered on a daily basis. Certain to be animportant contribution to the water management community.
The new edition of this authoritative introduction to thephilosophy of technology includes recent developments in thesubject, while retaining the range and depth of its selection ofseminal contributions and its much-admired editorialcommentary. Remains the most comprehensive anthology on the philosophy oftechnology available Includes editors’ insightful section introductions andcritical summaries for each selection Revised and updated to reflect the latest developments in thefield Combines difficult to find seminal essays with a judiciousselection of contemporary material Examines the relationship between technology and theunderstanding of the nature of science that underlies technologystudies
From the origins of drinking to the use and abuse of alcohol in the present day, this global historical study draws on approaches and research from biology, anthropology, sociology and psychology. Topics covered include: the impact of colonialism alcohol before the world economy industrialization and alcohol globalization, consumer society, and alcohol. Gina Hames argues that the production, trade, consumption, and regulation of alcohol have shaped virtually every civilization in numerous ways. It has perpetuated the development of both domestic and international trade; helped create identity and define religion; provided a tool for oppression as well as a tool for cultural and political resistance; and has supplied governments with essential revenues as well as a means of control over minority groups. Alcohol in World History is one of the first studies to pull together such a wide range of sources in order to compare the role of alcohol throughout time and across both western and non-western civilizations.
A noted historian of science examines the Coperican revolution, the anatomical work of Vesalius, the work of Paracelsus, Harvey's discovery of the circulatory system, the effects of Galileo's telescopic discoveries, more.
This study of cognac - written by an internationally recognized expert and leading authority on the subject - deals with the history of this spirit and the story behind the world-famous town of its origin. Nicholas Faith explores every aspect of cognac's increasing prominence in today's markets, unfolding the extraordinary story of fraud and how it contributed in providing the foundation for the system of control that now protects its manufacture and sale. Also featured in the book are detailed profiles of cognac's key producers, a full account of the intricate production techniques used to make cognac, and a guide to drinking and enjoying the wide range of cognac makes and styles that are available around the world.