The book describes the rise of science (and technology) in the Islamic Golden Age, examines the causes that led to its decline, reviews failed later attempts for its revival and finally discusses social and religious reformation needed for it to flourish in contemporary Muslim societies. Social reformation covers rule of law, democratic infra-structure and human-rights, while religious reformation involves the reinterpretation of scripture. It is argued that without such a social and religious reformation, Muslims (a quarter of the earth's population) will be less able to participate in the science-driven 21st century world. Note that Muslim leaders in the UK and elsewhere are not addressing the need of such an essential reformation, without which, Muslims as a people will remain in a limbo and thus continue to be vulnerable to extremist ideas. Therefore this book should be a must for all those interested in the creation of a harmonious one-world. Look at www.scienceunderislam.com for more information.
Islam Is Basically A Scientific Religion. It Binds Followers To Master, The Contemporary Sciences And All The Disciplines Of Knowledge. Therefore, Naturally, The Muslims In All Ages In Early Centuries, In Particular- Have Contributed A Lot A Promotion And Development Of Science And Technology In Their Times.This Study Discusses Muslim Scientist S Great Contribution To Scientific Inventions And New Researches. It Covers The Progress Of Science Under Islam Over The Centuries And Examines The Future Prospects Also. And It Makes It A Worthwhile Work.
The spectacular advances in science and technology that have occurred over the last century have led some to believe that only Western Capitalism can produce material progress. Does religion hinder man's progress in life? Is there a contradiction between Islam and science? Why are the countries of the Islamic world so technologically backward? Is Islam capable of addressing man's diverse problem in the 21st century? This book tackles these questions by exploring the relationship between Islam and science, by examining how science bloomed under Islam while Europe struggled in the Dark Ages and by illustrating a distinct vision for future scientific and technological advancement under the Islamic State.
This book traces the development and interaction of these strands in Muslim thinking. The author is concerned to show both how philosophy and science are related to specifically religious thought, and how they have made distinctive contributions to method and discovery. The impact of secularisation on the Muslim world puts these traditions under considerable strain, and it is interesting to define how far this pressure is a productive and fertile one. The current century has seen a Renaissance of Muslim science and philosophy; this book sets the new achievements clearly against their historical background.
In secular Europe the veracity of modern science is almost always taken for granted. Whether they think of the evolutionary proofs of Darwin or of spectacular investigation into the boundaries of physics conducted by CERN's Large Hadron Collider, most people assume that scientific enquiry goes to the heart of fundamental truths about the universe. Yet elsewhere, science is under siege. In the USA, Christian fundamentalists contest whether evolution should be taught in schools at all. And in Muslim countries like Tunisia, Egypt, Pakistan and Malaysia, a mere 15 per cent of those recently surveyed believed Darwin's theory to be 'true' or 'probably true'. This thoughtful and passionately argued book contends absolutely to the contrary: not only that evolutionary theory does not contradict core Muslim beliefs, but that many scholars, from Islam's golden age to the present, adopted a worldview that accepted evolution as a given. Guessoum suggests that the Islamic world, just like the Christian, needs to take scientific questions - 'quantum questions' - with the utmost seriousness if it is to recover its true heritage and integrity. In its application of a specifically Muslim perspective to important topics like cosmology, divine action and evolution, the book makes a vital contribution to debate in the disputed field of 'science and religion'.
"The Muslim world is not commonly associated with science fiction. Religion and repression have often been blamed for a perceived lack of creativity, imagination and future-oriented thought. However, even the most authoritarian Muslim-majority countries have produced highly imaginative accounts on one of the frontiers of knowledge: astrobiology, or the study of life in the universe. This book argues that the Islamic tradition has been generally supportive of conceptions of extra-terrestrial life, and in this engaging account, Jörg Matthias Determann provides a survey of Arabic, Bengali, Malay, Persian, Turkish, and Urdu texts and films, to show how scientists and artists in and from Muslim-majority countries have been at the forefront of the exciting search. Determann takes us to little-known dimensions of Muslim culture and religion, such as wildly popular adaptations of Star Wars and mysterious movements centred on UFOs. Repression is shown to have helped science fiction more than hurt it, with censorship encouraging authors to disguise criticism of contemporary politics by setting plots in future times and on distant planets. The book will be insightful for anyone looking to explore the science, culture and politics of the Muslim world and asks what the discovery of extra-terrestrial life would mean for one of the greatest faiths."--
This book contains an edition—with an extensive introduction, translation and commentary—of The Light of the World, a text on theoretical astronomy by Joseph Ibn Nahmias, composed in Judeo-Arabic around 1400 C.E. in the Iberian Peninsula. As the only text on theoretical astronomy written by a Jew in any variety of Arabic, this work is evidence for a continuing relationship between Jewish and Islamic thought in the late fourteenth and early fifteenth centuries. The text’s most lasting effect may have been exerted via its passage to Renaissance Italy, where it influenced scholars at the University of Padua in the early sixteenth century. With its crucial role in the development of European astronomy, as well as the physical sciences under Islam and in Jewish culture, The Light of the World is an important episode in Islamic intellectual history, Jewish civilization, and the history of astronomy.
This edited volume of chapters resulted from an international conference held at the University of Adelaide in July 2016 under the same title to explore the multifaceted concept of ¿ilm in Islam - its agency and manifestations in the connected realms of science, religion, and the arts. The aim is to explore the Islamic civilisational responses to major shifts in the concept of 'knowledge' that took place in the post-mediaeval period, and especially within the context of the 'early modern'.
The Purpose of this book is to describe the adminstrative and cultural aspects of Islamic history in a concise yet comprehensive way. This book deals not only with the political and economic but gives a full account of the social and cultural history from the City state of Madina to the Royal court of Ispahan. The author has tried to present a true picture of the Islamic civilization, rich with immense variety of literature and arts. The growth and development of Islamic culture, the real spirit of Islamic sciences and all the branches of knowledge such as Astronomy, Mathematics, Geography, botany, Medicine, Agriculture, Agronomy and Education are dealt within the following chapters. This book comprises of six parts - the first part begins with Foundations of the Islamic State, covers the administrative and political institutions of the righteous Caliphate. The second deals with the Umayyads and the third is the history of intellectual development under the Abbasids of Baghdad. The fourth describes the growth of Moorish Civilization. The fifth deals with the political and cultural history of the Fatimids. The sixth covers the political and cultural heritage of Safavids of Iran. The last part deals with general topics, Islamic Culture, science, culture and eminent scholars of Medieval Islam. The author has also in order to give the background briefly, dealt with its political and economic history. The purpose of this book is to describe the administrative and cultural aspects of Islamic history in a concise yet comprehensive way. In order to give a brief background, the author has also dealt with the subject of the Islamic political and economic history Contents Chapter 1: Foundation of the Islamic state Chapter 2: Administration under the HOly Prophet Chapter 3: Succession to the Rule in Islam Chapter 4: Administration under the pious Caliphs Chapter 5: The Umayyad Caliphate Chapter 6: Central Administrative Structure under Umayyads Chapter 7: Social Structure under Umayyads Chapter 8: Nature of Arabic Literature Chapter 9: Early Medieval Literature Chapter 10: Education Under the Umayyads Chapter 11: History of ISlamic Architecture Chapter 12: Umayyads Architecture Chapter 13: The Abbasids Chapter 14: Central Administrative Structure under the early Abbasids Chapter 15: Architecture under the Abbasids Chapter 16: Abbasids Literature Chapter 17: Education under Abbasids Chapter 18: Music and Calligraphy under the Abbasids Chapter 19: Philosophy Chapter 20: Geography Chapter 21: Scientific Progress under Abbasids Chapter 22: Literary and scientific development under Al-Mamun Chapter 23: Minor Art under Umayyads and Abbasids Chapter 24: The Umayyads in Spain Chapter 25: Society and Administration Chapter 26: Architecture of Muslim Spain Chapter 27: Arabic - SPainish Literature Chapter 28: Educational and Scientific Development under Moors Chapter 29: The Phylosophy and Music Chapter 30: Moorish Art Chapter 31: Influence of Islam on Europe Chapter 32: The Fatimids Chapter 33: Architecture under Fatimids Chapter 34: Scientific Development under Fatimids Chapter 35: Minor Art under Fatimids Chapter 36: Safavids Chapter 37: The Architecture of The Safavids Empire Chapter 38: Minor Art under Safavids Chapter 39: Eminent Scholars of Medieval Islam Chapter 40: Islamic Culture Chapter 41: Science and Cultre (Islamic Point of View) .
From Musa al-Khwarizmi who developed algebra in 9th century Baghdad to al-Jazari, a 13th-century Turkish engineer whose achievements include the crank, the camshaft and the reciprocating piston, Science and Islam tells the story of one of history’s most misunderstood yet rich and fertile periods in science: the extraordinary Islamic scientific revolution between 700 and 1400 CE.
Avicenna writes this short synopsis on the soul as a gift for a Prince. Written around the year 1000 C.E., Avicenna Describes the soul as an immaterial substance that is known through its powers. According to him, it is the human rational soul that survives the body after death and is eternal.
Spirituality and Science: Greek, Judaeo-Christian and Islamic Perspectives shows that the historical origins of Western science lie in the medieval synthesis of Greek science and philosophy with the faith traditions of Judaism, Christianity and Islam. This synthesis is most evident in medieval medicine where the synergies of Greek philosophy and Greek science are most evident. The first such Western synthesis of medieval medicine took place in the eleventh cenury at the monastery of Monte Cassino when Constantine the African translated, for the first time, Arabic medical manuscripts into Latin. These manuscripts became the core of the first medical curriculum in the West called the Articella and formed the foundation for the first Western medical curriculum in Salerno. Other translations of Arabic science continued over the next century forming the basis for the medieval scientific curriculum in Astronomy, Chemistry, Surgery and Pharmacology. In the Golden Age of Islamic culture found in the Eastern and Western Caliphates centered in Baghdad and Cordoba during the ninth and tenth centuries, we find a great flowering of scientic studies. A synthesis occurred of Greek, Syriac and Arabic scientific insights and methods. These scientists and philosophers elaborated the rational implications of both faith and science. This harmony of the three pillars of medieval society, faith, philosophy and science, continued well into the medieval era in both the Islamic and Christian worlds and continued to be the case well into the Renaissance era in Western Europe. This book was written jointly by Christian and Islamic philosophers; it shows that Christianity and Islam played a key role in bridging the world of Greek philosophy and science with the Arabic and European intellectual traditions. This collaboration proved vital to the development of sicence in the medieval universities and the Scientific Revolution of the sixteenth and seventeetnth
Long before the European Enlightenment, scholars and researchers working from Samarkand in modern-day Uzbekistan to Cordoba in Spain advanced our knowledge of astronomy, chemistry, engineering, mathematics, medicine and philosophy. From Musa al-Khwarizmi who developed algebra in 9th century Baghdad to al-Jazari, a 13th-century Turkish engineer whose achievements include the crank, the camshaft and the reciprocating piston, Ehsan Masood tells the amazing story of one of history’s most misunderstood yet rich and fertile periods in science, via the scholars, research, and science of the Islamic empires of the middle ages.
Although science development in general received a serious boost under Islam in the Medieval period, it was the development of astronomy and related subjects like mathematics and physics which received the highest priority and attention. Besides the general Islamic encouragement for learning and exploration and the state patronage, there were certain other factors which constributed to this state. The latter became part of an established attitude and methodology. These helped in the mthematics development of basic and applied astronomy, mathematics and physics and thus lay the foundations of modern scientific developments in these disciplines. [Author's abstract].
Selected Papers from the 4th International Halal Conference 2019
Author: Nur Nafhatun Md Shariff
Publisher: Springer Nature
The global halal industry is likely to grow to between three and four trillion US dollars in the next five years, from the current estimated two trillion, backed by a continued demand from both Muslims and non-Muslims for halal products. Realising the importance of the halal industry to the global community, the Academy of Contemporary Islamic Studies (ACIS), the Universiti Teknologi MARA Malaysia (UiTM) and Sultan Sharif Ali Islamic University (UNISSA) Brunei have organised the 4th International Halal Conference (INHAC) 2019 under the theme “Enhancing Halal Sustainability'. This book contains selected papers presented at INHAC 2019. It addresses halal-related issues that are applicable to various industries and explores a variety of contemporary and emerging issues. It covers aspects of halal food safety, related services such as tourism and hospitality, the halal industry - including aspects of business ethics, policies and practices, quality assurance, compliance and Shariah governance Issues, as well as halal research and educational development. Highlighting findings from both scientific and social research studies, it enhances the discussion on the halal industry (both in Malaysia and internationally), and serves as an invitation to engage in more advanced research on the global halal industry.
“Under the cover of an islam that has been distorted by ignorantists, some fanatics, corruptors of the faith, who are at ease with ignominy, commit the worst crimes against God and humanity. By distorting Islâm and all the universal, moral values, they are cultivating discord, hatred of others, violence and sectarianism. Although it is undeniable that these demonic criminals target and threaten civilisation as a whole, Muslims are the first victims of their theories and their nightmarish practices.” (Farid Gabteni) The Sun Rises in the West by Farid Gabteni is published in two volumes: Science for the Hour and Programmed Coincidence. Each of the volumes features a preface by a doctor in history and philosophy of science, the first by Doctor Fouzia Madani and the second by Doctor Ismaël Omarjee. This scientific treatise, extended to all Quranic Readings, is a pathbreaking masterpiece and constitutes a rigorous and irrefutable argument against obscurantism. It restores likewise the original Message of Islam to both Muslims and non-Muslims. Science, conscience, peace and tolerance: these are the Quran’s and of Islam’s form and content, masterly exposed by the author of the book, through an applied and demonstrative study.
The Muslim world is not commonly associated with science fiction. Religion and repression have often been blamed for a perceived lack of creativity, imagination and future-oriented thought. However, even the most authoritarian Muslim-majority countries have produced highly imaginative accounts on one of the frontiers of knowledge: astrobiology, or the study of life in the universe. This book argues that the Islamic tradition has been generally supportive of conceptions of extra-terrestrial life, and in this engaging account, Jörg Matthias Determann provides a survey of Arabic, Bengali, Malay, Persian, Turkish, and Urdu texts and films, to show how scientists and artists in and from Muslim-majority countries have been at the forefront of the exciting search. Determann takes us to little-known dimensions of Muslim culture and religion, such as wildly popular adaptations of Star Wars and mysterious movements centred on UFOs. Repression is shown to have helped science fiction more than hurt it, with censorship encouraging authors to disguise criticism of contemporary politics by setting plots in future times and on distant planets. The book will be insightful for anyone looking to explore the science, culture and politics of the Muslim world and asks what the discovery of extra-terrestrial life would mean for one of the greatest faiths.
Publisher: International Institute of Islamic Thought (IIIT)
Category: Interdisciplinary approach to knowledge
The book is a program which seeks to construct an intellectual framework for Islamic methodology with a view to realizing practical training in the thoughtful investigation of issues related to knowledge in various fields. The book’s title affirms the distinctive types of integration that characterize Islamic methodology, including integration of sources, means, and schools of thought, as well as existing realities with desired ideals etc. This is fully consistent with human nature, as variety is fundamental to the functions people perform and skills they master. The work essentially makes the case that fundamental to any Muslim recovery is laying the foundations of sound thinking and values that integrate the two main sources of knowledge: Revelation and Reality (that is the created worlds both physical, societal and psychological) under the umbrella of Tawhid. This concept of integration implies using both human theoretical conceptualization and practical experimental investigation whilst also affirming the need to apply human capabilities in understanding the divine text, and acquiring sound knowledge of the physical world in terms of its resources, as well as accumulated past and present human experiences. The aim being to vitalize human potential and creativity.
The Oxford Encyclopedia of Philosophy, Science, and Technology in Islam provides both an overview and a comprehensive and detailed survey of the main features of philosophy, science, medicine and technology in the Muslim world. The level of entries are scholarly, based on primary and secondary sources, and aimed at advanced students of Islamic philosophy and science. The selection of entries as well as their content reflect the highest academic standards and most recent research in the field, providing scholars and advanced students with in-depth surveys on the most important issues in the study of these topics, serving as the authoritative reference work on this important area of research.