Science in Medieval Islam

An Illustrated Introduction

Author: Howard R. Turner

Publisher: University of Texas Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 288

View: 478

During the Golden Age of Islam (seventh through seventeenth centuries A.D.), Muslim philosophers and poets, artists and scientists, princes and laborers created a unique culture that has influenced societies on every continent. This book offers a fully illustrated, highly accessible introduction to an important aspect of that culture—the scientific achievements of medieval Islam. Howard Turner opens with a historical overview of the spread of Islamic civilization from the Arabian peninsula eastward to India and westward across northern Africa into Spain. He describes how a passion for knowledge led the Muslims during their centuries of empire-building to assimilate and expand the scientific knowledge of older cultures, including those of Greece, India, and China. He explores medieval Islamic accomplishments in cosmology, mathematics, astronomy, astrology, geography, medicine, natural sciences, alchemy, and optics. He also indicates the ways in which Muslim scientific achievement influenced the advance of science in the Western world from the Renaissance to the modern era. This survey of historic Muslim scientific achievements offers students and general readers a window into one of the world's great cultures, one which is experiencing a remarkable resurgence as a religious, political, and social force in our own time.

Medieval Islamic World

An Intellectual History of Science and Politics

Author: Labeeb Ahmed Bsoul

Publisher: Peter Lang Incorporated, International Academic Publishers

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 283

View: 839

Acknowledgments - Abstracts and Keywords - Introduction - Characteristics of the Islamic Civilization - Islamic Characteristics of Scientific Trends - Qurʼanic Experimental Method - The Elements of the Scientific Experimental Method in the Qurʼan - Human Reasoning (al-qiyās) - The Impact of Islamic Medicine on Modern Civilization and Islamic Scientific Heritage of Medicine and Pharmacy - The Impact of Islamic Political Theory on Modern Civilization - Classical Muslim Scholars' Contribution to the Fields of Astronomy,Geography, Chemistry, Physics, and Mechanical Engineering (ʻIlm al-Ḥiyal) - Glossary - About the Author - Index

Science in Medieval Islam

Author: Aminul Mortaza

Publisher: Koros Press

ISBN:

Category: Islam and science

Page: 300

View: 988

Science in the medieval Islamic world, also known as Islamic science or Arabic science, is the science developed and practised in the Islamic world during the Islamic Golden Age (c.750 CE - c.1258 CE). This book examines many of the Indian, Asyriac, Iranian and Greek translations which became a wellspring for Islamic scientific advances.

Studies on the Exact Science in Medieval Islam

Author: ʻAlī ʻAbd Allāh Daffāʻ

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons Incorporated

ISBN:

Category: Mathematics

Page: 243

View: 589

A self-contained volume surveying current research in the history of medieval eastern mathematics. Fills the gap in the historical literature by presenting material on medieval numerical analysis. Will be of interest to all historians of mathematics and science.

Interpreting Avicenna

Science And Philosophy In Medieval Islam-Proceedings Of The Second Conference Of The Avicenna Study Group

Author: Avicenna Study Group. Conference

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page: 262

View: 570

The work treats various aspects of Avicennan philosophy and science. The topics include methods for establishing an authentic Avicenna corpus, natural philosophy and science, theology and metaphysics and Avicenna's subsequent historical influence.

Light from the East

How the Science of Medieval Islam Helped to Shape the Western World

Author: John Freely

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Civilization, Western

Page: 230

View: 189

"Long before the European Renaissance, while the western world was languishing in what was once called the 'Dark Ages', the Arab world was ablaze with the creativity of its Golden Age. This is the story of how Islamic science, which began in eighth-century Baghdad, enhanced the knowledge acquired from Greece, Mesopotamia, India and China. Through the astrologers, physicians, philosophers, mathematicians and alchemists of the Muslim world, this knowledge influenced western thinkers from Thomas Aquinas and Copernicus and helped inspire the Renaissance and give birth to modern science."--Bloomsbury Publishing.

Science and Medicine in Islam

A Collection of Essays

Author: Franz Rosenthal

Publisher: Variorum Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 250

View: 860

The achievements of medieval Muslim scholars in the fields of philosophy, science and medicine are now well recognized, and Franz Rosenthal's work has been instrumental in helping us to understand these. In this third collection of his articles, he demonstrates the information to be gained from tracing the Greek roots of the science and medicine of the Islamic world in the Middle Ages. Of particular concern here are the Hellenistic or late Hellenistic authors such as Galen, Hippocrates or Ptolemy. These articles show how Muslim writers have preserved much that has been lost in the Greek and played a vital part in ensuring the continuity of the classical tradition, and examine some of the specific ways in which they reacted to and developed it.

From Baghdad to Samarqand

Learning Science in Medieval Islam

Author: Sarah Chayes

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Islamic learning and scholarship

Page: 264

View: 466

Interpreting Avicenna: Science and Philosophy in Medieval Islam

Proceedings of the Second Conference of the Avicenna Study Group

Author: Jon McGinnis

Publisher: BRILL

ISBN:

Category: Philosophy

Page:

View: 390

The work treats various aspects of Avicennan philosophy and science. The topics include methods for establishing an authentic Avicenna corpus, natural philosophy and science, theology and metaphysics and Avicenna's subsequent historical influence.

The History and Philosophy of Islamic Science

Author: Osman Bakar

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Social Science

Page: 266

View: 198

Preface p. vii Part 1 The Epistemological Foundation of Islamic Science Chapter 1 Religious Consciousness and the Scientific Spirit in Islamic Tradition p. 1 Chapter 2 The Question of Methodology in Islamic Science p. 13 Chapter 3 The Place of Doubt in Islamic Epistemology: al-Ghazzali's Philosophical Experience p. 39 Part 2 Man, Nature, and God in Islamic Science Chapter 4 The Unity of Science and Spiritual Knowledge: The Islamic Experience p. 61 Chapter 5 The Atomistic Conception of Nature in Ash'arite Theology p. 77 Chapter 6 An Introduction to the Philosophy of Islamic Medicine p. 103 Part 3 Islamic Science and the West Chapter 7 The Influence of Islamic Science on Medieval Christian Conceptions of Nature p. 131 Chapter 8 "Umar Khayyam's Criticism of Euclid's Theory of Parallels p. 157 Part 4 Islam and Modern Science Chapter 9 Islam and Bioethics p. 173 Chapter 10 Muslim Intellectual Responses to Modern Science p. 201 Chapter 11 Islam, Science and Technology: Past Glory, Present Predicaments, and The Shaping of The Future p. 227 Appendix Designing a Sound Syllabus for Courses on Philosophy of Applied and Engineering Sciences in a 21st Century Islamic University p. 243 Index.

History of Islamic Science

1001 Inventions, Al-Jazari, Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science, Greek Contributions to Islamic World, Hindu And

Author: Source Wikipedia

Publisher: University-Press.org

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 40

View: 739

Please note that the content of this book primarily consists of articles available from Wikipedia or other free sources online. Pages: 38. Chapters: 1001 Inventions, Al-Jazari, Encyclopedia of the History of Arabic Science, Greek contributions to Islamic world, Hindu and Buddhist contribution to science in medieval Islam, House of Wisdom, Islamic Golden Age, Kit b al-Hayaw n (Aristotle), La Caravana del manuscrito andalusi, List of inventions in the medieval Islamic world, Physics in medieval Islam, Science and technology in Iran, Science and technology in Turkey, Sevim Tekeli, The Matter of Araby in Medieval England, Timeline of science and engineering in the Islamic world, Translation Movement.

Islam, Science, and the Challenge of History

Author: Ahmad Dallal

Publisher: Yale University Press

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 288

View: 703

"In this wide-ranging and masterly work, Ahmad Dallal examines the significance of scientific knowledge and situates the culture of science in relation to other cultural forces in Muslim societies. He traces the ways the realms of scientific knowledge and religious authority were delineated historically. For example, the emergence of new mathematical methods revealed that many mosques built in the early period of Islamic expansion were misaligned relative to the Ka'ba in Mecca; this misalignment was critical because Muslims must face Mecca during their five daily prayers. The realization of a discrepancy between tradition and science often led to demolition and rebuilding and, most important, to questioning whether scientific knowledge should take precedence over religious authority in a matter where their realms clearly overlapped"--Page 2 of cover.

Islamic Science and Engineering

Author: D. R. Hill

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Religion

Page: 250

View: 166

Muslim scientists and engineers contributed enormously to the technology of medieval Europe, both by preserving earlier traditions and by adding their own inventions and innovations. This introduction to the physical sciences and engineering of the Islamic world is the first to trace the full extent of that achievement in the period 750-1500. Using drawings and photographs, as well as iconographic and archaeological evidence to enhance material from Arabic sources, it gives careful explanations of the underlying principles of scientific formulae, machines and constructions, examining the historical background of Islamic technology and its subsequent effect upon European science and engineering. Covering mathematics, astronomy, physics and chemistry, as well as bridge and dam construction, irrigation systems, surveying and mining techniques, this is an ideal introduction to a subject which has received little attention in the past.

Islam and Scientific Enterprise

Author: Syed Akheel Ahmed

Publisher: I. K. International Pvt Ltd

ISBN:

Category: Islam and science

Page: 166

View: 894

The history of Islamic Science has not received the recognition it deserves. Although reverence is accorded to the memory of such great figures of Islamic history as Ar-Razi (Rhazes), Jabir-ibn-Hayyan (Geber) and Omar Khyaam. The present treatise is an attempt to construct an outline of the progress of Islamic Science from the days of the prophet Muhammad to the end of fifteenth century. Spread in fifteen chapters the book traces the growth and development of Islamic Science during the hay days of Islamic glory. It throws succinct and incisive light on various aspects of Islamic Science, namely, mathematics, mechanics, astronomy, astrology, music, alchemy, chemistry, medicine and geography. In short the approach is objective, analysis systematic, treatment logical and the style lucid

Science in the Middle Ages

Author: David C. Lindberg

Publisher: University of Chicago Press

ISBN:

Category: Science

Page: 549

View: 994

In this book, sixteen leading scholars address themselves to providing as full an account of medieval science as current knowledge permits. Designed to be introductory, the authors have directed their chapters to a beginning audience of diverse readers.

The Rise of Early Modern Science

Author: Toby E. Huff

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 450

View: 239

Now in its third edition, The Rise of Early Modern Science argues that to understand why modern science arose in the West it is essential to study not only the technical aspects of scientific thought but also the religious, legal and institutional arrangements that either opened the doors for enquiry, or restricted scientific investigations. Toby E. Huff explores how the newly invented universities of the twelfth and thirteenth centuries, and the European legal revolution, created a neutral space that gave birth to the scientific revolution. Including expanded comparative analysis of the European, Islamic and Chinese legal systems, Huff now responds to the debates of the last decade to explain why the Western world was set apart from other civilisations.

The Genesis of Science

How the Christian Middle Ages Launched the Scientific Revolution

Author: James Hannam

Publisher: Simon and Schuster

ISBN:

Category: History

Page: 448

View: 255

The Not-So-Dark Dark Ages What they forgot to teach you in school: People in the Middle Ages did not think the world was flat The Inquisition never executed anyone because of their scientific ideologies It was medieval scientific discoveries, including various methods, that made possible Western civilization’s “Scientific Revolution” As a physicist and historian of science James Hannam debunks myths of the Middle Ages in his brilliant book The Genesis of Science: How the Christian Middle Ages Launched the Scientific Revolution. Without the medieval scholars, there would be no modern science. Discover the Dark Ages and their inventions, research methods, and what conclusions they actually made about the shape of the world.