*The Quantum Theory of Nonrelativistic Collisions*

**Author**: John R. Taylor

**Publisher:** Courier Corporation

**ISBN:**

**Category:** Technology & Engineering

**Page:** 512

**View:** 448

This graduate-level text, intended for any student of physics who requires a thorough grounding in the quantum theory of nonrelativistic scattering, emphasizes the time-dependent approach. 1983 edition.

This corrected and updated second edition of "Scattering Theory" presents a concise and modern coverage of the subject. In the present treatment, special attention is given to the role played by the long-range behaviour of the projectile-target interaction, and a theory is developed, which is well suited to describe near-threshold bound and continuum states in realistic binary systems such as diatomic molecules or molecular ions. It is motivated by the fact that experimental advances have shifted and broadened the scope of applications where concepts from scattering theory are used, e.g. to the field of ultracold atoms and molecules, which has been experiencing enormous growth in recent years, largely triggered by the successful realization of Bose-Einstein condensates of dilute atomic gases in 1995. The book contains sections on special topics such as near-threshold quantization, quantum reflection, Feshbach resonances and the quantum description of scattering in two dimensions. The level of abstraction is kept as low as at all possible and deeper questions related to the mathematical foundations of scattering theory are passed by. It should be understandable for anyone with a basic knowledge of nonrelativistic quantum mechanics. The book is intended for advanced students and researchers, and it is hoped that it will be useful for theorists and experimentalists alike.

This volume crosses the boundaries of physics' traditional subdivisions to treat scattering theory within the context of classical electromagnetic radiation, classical particle mechanics, and quantum mechanics. Includes updates on developments in three-particle collisions, scattering by noncentral potentials, and inverse scattering problems. 1982 edition.

The scattering of acoustic and electromagnetic waves by periodic sur faces plays a role in many areas of applied physics and engineering. Opti cal diffraction gratings date from the nineteenth century and are still widely used by spectroscopists. More recently, diffraction gratings have been used as coupling devices for optical waveguides. Trains of surface waves on the oceans are natural diffraction gratings which influence the scattering of electromagnetic waves and underwater sound. Similarly, the surface of a crystal acts as a diffraction grating for the scattering of atomic beams. This list of natural and artificial diffraction gratings could easily be extended. The purpose of this monograph is to develop from first principles a theory of the scattering of acoustic and electromagnetic waves by periodic surfaces. In physical terms, the scattering of both time-harmonic and transient fields is analyzed. The corresponding mathematical model leads to the study of boundary value problems for the Helmholtz and d'Alembert wave equations in plane domains bounded by periodic curves. In the formal ism adopted here these problems are intimately related to the spectral analysis of the Laplace operator, acting in a Hilbert space of functions defined in the domain adjacent to the grating.

Scattering is one of the most powerful methods used to study the structure of matter, and many of the most important breakthroughs in physics have been made by means of scattering. Nearly a century has passed since the first investigations in this field, and the work undertaken since then has resulted in a rich literature encompassing both experimental and theoretical results. In scattering, one customarily studies collisions among nuclear, sub-nuclear, atomic or molecular particles, and as these are intrinsically quantum systems, it is logical that quantum mechanics is used as the basis for modern scattering theory. In Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory, the author judiciously combines physical intuition and mathematical rigour to present various selected principles of quantum scattering theory. As always in physics, experiment should be used to ultimately validate physical and mathematical modelling, and the author presents a number of exemplary illustrations, comparing theoretical and experimental cross sections in a selection of major inelastic ion-atom collisions at high non-relativistic energies. Quantum scattering theory, one of the most beautiful theories in physics, is also very rich in mathematics. Principles of Quantum Scattering Theory is intended primarily for graduate physics students, but also for non-specialist physicists for whom the clarity of exposition should aid comprehension of these mathematical complexities.

The aim of the book is to give a coherent and comprehensive account of quantum scattering theory with applications to atomic, molecular and nuclear systems. The motivation for this is to supply the necessary theoretical tools to calculate scattering observables of these many-body systems. Concepts which are seemingly different for atomic/molecular scattering from those of nuclear systems, are shown to be the same once physical units such as energy and length are diligently clarified. Many-body resonances excited in nuclear systems are the same as those in atomic systems and come under the name of Feshbach resonances. We also lean heavily on semi-classical methods to explain the physics of quantum scattering OCo especially the interference seen in the angle dependence of the cross section. Having in mind a wide readership, the book includes sections on scattering in two dimensions which is of use in surface physics. Several problems are also included at the end of each of the chapters.

This book is based on the course in theoretical nuclear physics that has been given by the author for some years at the T. G. Shevchenko Kiev State University. This version is supplemented and revised to include new results obtained after 1971 and 1975 when the first and second editions were published. This text is intended as an introduction to the nonrelativistic theory of po tential scattering. The analysis is based on the scattering matrix concept where the relationship between the scattering matrix and observable physical quantities is considered. The stationary formulation of the scattering problem is presented; particle wave functions in the external field are obtained. A formulation of the optical theorem is given as well as a discussion on time inversion and the reci procity theorem. Analytic properties of the scattering matrix, dispersion relations, and complex moments are analyzed. The dispersion relations for an arbitrary di rection scattering amplitude are proven, and analytic properties of the amplitude in the plane of the complex cosine of the scattering angle are studied in detail.

A simplified, yet rigorous treatment of scattering theorymethods and their applications Dispersion Decay and Scattering Theory provides thorough,easy-to-understand guidance on the application of scattering theorymethods to modern problems in mathematics, quantum physics, andmathematical physics. Introducing spectral methods withapplications to dispersion time-decay and scattering theory, thisbook presents, for the first time, the Agmon-Jensen-Kato spectraltheory for the Schr?dinger equation, extending the theory to theKlein-Gordon equation. The dispersion decay plays a crucial role inthe modern application to asymptotic stability of solitons ofnonlinear Schr?dinger and Klein-Gordon equations. The authors clearly explain the fundamental concepts andformulas of the Schr?dinger operators, discuss the basic propertiesof the Schr?dinger equation, and offer in-depth coverage ofAgmon-Jensen-Kato theory of the dispersion decay in the weightedSobolev norms. The book also details the application of dispersiondecay to scattering and spectral theories, the scattering crosssection, and the weighted energy decay for 3D Klein-Gordon and waveequations. Complete streamlined proofs for key areas of theAgmon-Jensen-Kato approach, such as the high-energy decay of theresolvent and the limiting absorption principle are alsoincluded. Dispersion Decay and Scattering Theory is a suitable bookfor courses on scattering theory, partial differential equations,and functional analysis at the graduate level. The book also servesas an excellent resource for researchers, professionals, andacademics in the fields of mathematics, mathematical physics, andquantum physics who would like to better understand scatteringtheory and partial differential equations and gain problem-solvingskills in diverse areas, from high-energy physics to wavepropagation and hydrodynamics.

This revised edition of a classic book, which established scattering theory as an important and fruitful area of research, reflects the wealth of new results discovered in the intervening years. This new, revised edition should continue to inspire researchers to expand the application of the original ideas proposed by the authors.

The application by Fadeev and Pavlov of the Lax-Phillips scattering theory to the automorphic wave equation led Professors Lax and Phillips to reexamine this development within the framework of their theory. This volume sets forth the results of that work in the form of new or more straightforward treatments of the spectral theory of the Laplace-Beltrami operator over fundamental domains of finite area; the meromorphic character over the whole complex plane of the Eisenstein series; and the Selberg trace formula. CONTENTS: 1. Introduction. 2. An abstract scattering theory. 3. A modified theory for second order equations with an indefinite energy form. 4. The Laplace-Beltrami operator for the modular group. 5. The automorphic wave equation. 6. Incoming and outgoing subspaces for the automorphic wave equations. 7. The scattering matrix for the automorphic wave equation. 8. The general case. 9. The Selberg trace formula.