Nobel laureate Roald Hoffmann's contributions to chemistry are well known. Less well known, however, is that over a career that spans nearly fifty years, Hoffmann has thought and written extensively about a wide variety of other topics, such as chemistry's relationship to philosophy, literature, and the arts, including the nature of chemical reasoning, the role of symbolism and writing in science, and the relationship between art and craft and science. In Roald Hoffmann on the Philosophy, Art, and Science of Chemistry, Jeffrey Kovac and Michael Weisberg bring together twenty-eight of Hoffmann's most important essays. Gathered here are Hoffmann's most philosophically significant and interesting essays and lectures, many of which are not widely accessible. In essays such as "Why Buy That Theory," "Nearly Circular Reasoning," "How Should Chemists Think," "The Metaphor, Unchained," "Art in Science," and "Molecular Beauty," we find the mature reflections of one of America's leading scientists. Organized under the general headings of Chemical Reasoning and Explanation, Writing and Communicating, Art and Science, Education, and Ethics, these stimulating essays provide invaluable insight into the teaching and practice of science.
Literature and Chemistry: Elective Affinities investigates literary and chemical encounters, from medieval alchemy to contemporary science fiction, in works of the likes of Dante, Goethe, Baudelaire and Dag Solstad as well as in literary writing of scientists such as Humphry Davy, Ludwig Boltzmann and Oliver Sachs. Sixteen authors break new ground in demonstrating chemistry's particular status as one of the sciences in which humanities should interest itself, the overlaps and reciprocities of the two fields, and - perhaps most importantly - chemistry's role in the production of narrative, metaphor, and literary form. The anthology makes the silent presence of chemistry perceptible, uncovering its historical and present appeal to material sensitivity, imagination, and creativity, as well as its call for philosophical and ethical concern, and for wonder.
Nobel laureate Roald Hoffman confronts some of the major ethical controversies in chemistry today. Expertly weaving together examples from the worlds of art, literature, and philosophy, Hoffmann illustrates his uniquely accessible dialectic about the creative activity of chemists.
In this book, 36 famous chemists, including 18 Nobel laureates, tell about their lives in science, the beginnings of their careers, their aspirations, and their hardships and triumphs. The reader will learn about their seminal discoveries, and the conversations in the book bring out the humanity of these great scientists. NMR spectroscopy, computational chemistry, the drama of buckminsterfullerene, the story of the Pill, the politics of atmospheric chemistry and the resonance theory, the beginnings of molecular mechanics and modern stereochemistry are examples of the topics discussed first-hand by, in all likelihood, the most appropriate persons. Contents: Linus PaulingErwin ChargaffQuotable ChargaffFrank H WestheimerGertrude B ElionCarl DjerassiPaul J ScheuerAyhan UlubelenJohn W CornforthQuotable CornforthVladimir PrelogDerek H R BartonOdd HasselMichael J S DewarJohn A PopleRoald HoffmannKenichi FukuiMilton OrchinF Albert CottonHerbert C BrownGeorge A OlahJohn D RobertsRichard R ErnstEiji OsawaElena G Gal'pern and Ivan V StankevichHarold W KrotoRichard E SmalleyRobert F CurlWolfgang KratschmerRobert L WhettenPhilip E EatonR Stephen BerryKenneth S PitzerF Sherwood RowlandNikolai N SemenovGeorge PorterAhmed H Zewail Readership: Chemists. Reviews:“… István Hargittai … is brilliant at drawing his subjects out, tactfully asking them the right questions and thus providing us with an insider view of what chemistry in the 20th century has been like … these people are extraordinarily successful chemists, and enthusiasts for it. They make the book delightful to browse. Maybe it will, as it should, produce enthusiasts in its turn; it should be on everyone's bedside table.”Chemistry & Industry “… the conversations in this book encapsulate a time that is past, and leave the reader with a comforting glow … the editor has conducted his interviews with sympathy and collected his material with care. For this, he is to be commended. His book will be enjoyed by chemists and non-chemists alike.”Nature “… I found this book exceedingly hard to put down. Because such intimate revelations are usually not made public, this work constitutes a valuable historical document and is one that I feel should be read by every chemist.”Chemistry in Britain “This book, of course, can be opened on any page and read with pleasure. The personal speaking style of the text, in contrast to laboriously written paragraphs, makes it easy reading … There is plenty of useful information, interesting adventure, and valuable advice in the text. The book will be enjoyed by all who have some interest in chemistry, and is highly recommended.”Australian Journal of Chemistry
Chemistry as it is known today is deeply rooted in a variety of thought & action, dating back at least as far as the fifth century B.C. In this book, Joseph Fruton weaves together the history of scientific investigation with social, religious, philosophical, & other events & practices that have contributed to the field of modern chemistry. The story begins with the influence of alchemy on early Greek numerology and philosophy, followed by the historical account of chemical composition and phlogiston. The life and work of Antoine Lavoisier receive extensive coverage in Chapter Three, with the remaining six chapters devoted to atoms, equivalents, and elements; radicals and types; valence and molectualr structure; stereochemistry and organic synthesis; forces, equilibria, and rates; and electrons, reaction mechanisms, and organic synthesis.
Perspectives from Leading Scientists of the 20th Century
Author: B. G. Sidharth
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
Shortly after its inauguration in 1985 the Birla Science Centre, Hyderabad, India, started a series of lectures by Nobel Laureates and other scientists of international renown, mostly on Physics and Astronomy. The present collection mostly consists of lectures on frontier topics. The transcript of each lecture is preceded by a short biography of the Nobel Laureate/Scientist in question. The lectures are aimed at a wide non-specialist but higher educated audience.
Creativity, Psychology, and the History of Science offers for the first time a comprehensive overview of the oeuvre of Howard E. Gruber, who is noted for his contributions both to the psychology of creativity and to the history of science. The present book includes papers from a wide range of topics. In the contributions to creativity research, Gruber proposes his key ideas for studying creative work. Gruber focuses on how the thinking, motivation and affect of extraordinarily creative individuals evolve and how they interact over long periods of time. Gruber’s approach bridges many disciplines and subdisciplines in psychology and beyond, several of which are represented in the present volume: cognitive psychology, developmental psychology, history of science, aesthetics, and politics. The volume thus presents a unique and comprehensive contribution to our understanding of the creative process. Many of Gruber's papers have not previously been easily accessible; they are presented here in thoroughly revised form.