The Catholico-Christian Camouflage of the Early German Romantics, Wackenroder, Tieck, Novalis, Friedrich & August Wilhelm Schlegel
Author: Siegmar V. Hellerich
Publisher: Peter Lang Gmbh, Internationaler Verlag Der Wissenschaften
Category: Christianity and literature
The study investigates the causes of the renewed yearning for spiritual values and highlights the growing sympathies for Catholicism even by Protestants after Rationalism and the French Revolution had dealt a seemingly mortal wound to the papacy. Alone amidst the ruins of a world which had passed away, the unchangeable Church appeared the sole bulwark against the revolutionary egalitarianism. Above all, the progress of the Catholic revival of the 19th century was made possible by the Romantic school founded in 1798 by a few extremely gifted Protestant idealists. Impressed by the aesthetic aspect of the Roman rite but without interest in the doctrines of salvation these soi-disant prophets and maturing gods were more hypocritical but no more virtuous and no closer to believing in the Catholic dogmas than were the worshippers of the Goddess of Reason, whom they fought.
Scholars are finally fully appreciating the philosophical significance of early German Romanticism. Brill’s Companion to German Romantic Philosophy is a collection of original essays showcasing not only the philosophical achievements of romantic writers such as Schlegel and Novalis, but the sophistication, relevance, and influence of romanticism today.
In The Veiled God, Ruth Jackson Ravenscroft offers a detailed portrait of Friedrich Schleiermacher’s early life, ethics, and theology in its historical and social context, and critically reflects on the enduring relevance of his work for the study of religion.
The first complete account of the ideas and writings of a major figure in twentieth-century intellectual life Walter Kaufmann (1921–1980) was a charismatic philosopher, critic, translator, and poet who fled Nazi Germany at the age of eighteen, emigrating alone to the United States. He single-handedly rehabilitated Nietzsche's reputation after World War II and was enormously influential in introducing postwar American readers to existentialism. Stanley Corngold provides the first in-depth study of Kaufmann's thought, showing how he speaks to many issues that concern us today. Kaufmann was astonishingly prolific until his untimely death at age fifty-nine, writing some dozen major books, all marked by breathtaking erudition and a provocative essayistic style. Corngold introduces Kaufmann to a new generation of readers, vividly portraying the intellectual life of one of the twentieth century's most engaging and neglected thinkers.
Reflections on the Metaphysics and Vivacity of the Human Person
Author: Samuel Kimbriel
Publisher: ISD LLC
It is surely not coincidental that the term 'soul' should mean not only the centre of a creature's life and consciousness, but also a thing or action characterised by intense vivacity ('that bike's got soul!'). It also seems far from coincidental that the same contemporary academic discussions that have largely cast aside the language of 'soul' in their quest to define the character of human mental life should themselves be so bloodless, or so lacking in soul. The Resounding Soul arises from the opposite premise: that the task of understanding human nature is bound up with the more critical task of learning to be fully human. The papers collected here are derived from a conference in Oxford sponsored by the Centre of Theology and Philosophy and explore the often surprising landscape that emerges when human consciousness is approached from this angle. Drawing upon literary, philosophical, theological, historical, and musical modes of analysis, these essays remind the reader of the power of the ancient language of soul over against contemporary impulses to reduce, fragment, and overly determine human selfhood.
Religion and Aesthetic Culture from Romanticism to Nietzsche
Author: George S. Williamson
Publisher: University of Chicago Press
Since the dawn of Romanticism, artists and intellectuals in Germany have maintained an abiding interest in the gods and myths of antiquity while calling for a new mythology suitable to the modern age. In this study, George S. Williamson examines the factors that gave rise to this distinct and profound longing for myth. In doing so, he demonstrates the entanglement of aesthetic and philosophical ambitions in Germany with some of the major religious conflicts of the nineteenth century. Through readings of key intellectuals ranging from Herder and Schelling to Wagner and Nietzsche, Williamson highlights three crucial factors in the emergence of the German engagement with myth: the tradition of Philhellenist neohumanism, a critique of contemporary aesthetic and public life as dominated by private interests, and a rejection of the Bible by many Protestant scholars as the product of a foreign, "Oriental" culture. According to Williamson, the discourse on myth in Germany remained bound up with problems of Protestant theology and confessional conflict through the nineteenth century and beyond. A compelling adventure in intellectual history, this study uncovers the foundations of Germany's fascination with myth and its enduring cultural legacy.
The poet Friedrich von Hardenberg (Novalis) (1772-1801) exemplifies romantic ideals in his nostalgic yearning for spiritual fulfillment and, in doing so, invokes the language of authentic mystics. While romantics and mystics believe in the common goal of original union, the path toward wholeness has led them down separate roads, which, it may be argued, have converged only linguistically. This book, therefore, emphasizes the importance of examining metaphors in their respective traditions.
The Mysticism of Jakob Böhme as Interpreted by Hegel
Author: Cecilia Muratori
This book investigates Hegel’s interpretation of the mystical philosophy of Jakob Böhme (1575-1624), considered in the context of the reception of Böhme in the 18th and 19th centuries, and of Hegel’s own understanding of mysticism as a philosophical approach. The three sections of this book present: the historical background of Hegel’s encounter with Böhme’s writings; the development of two different conceptions of mysticism in Hegel’s work; and finally Hegel’s approach to Böhme’s philosophy, discussing in detail the references to Böhme both in published writings and manuscripts. According to Hegel, Böhme is “the first German philosopher”. The reason for placing Böhme at the very beginning of German philosophy is that Hegel considers him to be a profound thinker, despite his rudimentary education. Hegel’s fascination with Böhme mainly concerns the mystic’s understanding of the symbiotic relation between God and his opposite, the Devil: he considers this to be the true speculative core of Böhme’s thought. By interpreting Böhme, Hegel intends to free the speculative content of his thought from the limitations of the inadequate, barbarous form in which the mystic expressed it, and also to liberate Böhme from the prejudices surrounding his writings, placing him firmly in the territory of philosophy and detaching him from the obscurity of esotericism. Combining historical reconstructions and philosophical argumentation, this book guides the reader through an important phase in German philosophy, and ultimately into an inquiry about the relationship between mysticism and philosophy itself.
This collection explores the phenomenon of the messianic in contemporary philosophy, religion and culture. From the later Derrida’s work on Marx and Benjamin to Agamben and Badiou’s recent texts on St Paul, it is becoming possible to detect a marked ‘messianic turn’ in contemporary continental thought. However, despite the plethora of work in the field there has not been any sustained attempt to think through the larger philosophical, theological and cultural implications of this phenomenon. What, then, characterises our contemporary messianic moment? Where does it come from? And why speak of the messianic now? In The Messianic Now: Philosophy, Religion, Culture, a group of internationally-known figures and rising stars within the fields of continental philosophy, religious studies and cultural studies come together to consider what the messianic might mean at the beginning of the 21st century. This book was published as a special issue of the Journal of Cultural Research.
Catholic thinkers contributed extensively to philosophy during the Nineteenth Century. Besides pioneering the revivals of Augustinianism and Thomism, they also helped to initiate such philosophical movements as Romanticism, Traditionalism, Semi-Rationalism, Spiritualism, Ontologism, and Integralism. Unfortunately the exceptional diversity and profoundness of this epoch in Catholic thought has all too often been underappreciated. This book consequently traces the work of sixteen leading Catholic philosophers of the Nineteenth-Century so as to make evident their seminal offerings to philosophy, namely: Bautain, Blondel, Bonald, Brownson, Chateaubriand, Gratry, Gunther, Hermes, Kleutgen, Lequier, Mercier, Newman, Olle-Laprune, Schlegel, Ravaisson-Mollien, and Rosmini-Serbati.
A Transitive Cladistic for Solving Physical & Social Problems : the Dictionary that Analyzes a Quarter-million Word-listings by Their Processes, Branches Them Binarily to Pinpoint the Concepts, Thus Sequentially Tracing Causes to Their Effects, to Produce a Handbook of Physical and Social Engineering