Although Abraham Lincoln dominates the literature on the American Civil War, he remains less commonly associated with reconstruction. Previous scholarly works touch on Lincoln and reconstruction, but they tend either to speculate on what Lincoln might have done after the war had he not been assassinated or to approach his reconstruction plans merely as a means of winning the war. In this thought-provoking study, John C. Rodrigue offers a succinct but significant survey of Lincoln’s wartime reconstruction initiatives while providing a fresh interpretation of the president’s plans for postwar America. Revealing that Lincoln concerned himself with reconstruction from the earliest days of his presidency, Rodrigue details how Lincoln’s initiatives unfolded, especially in the southern states where they were attempted. He explores Lincoln’s approach to various issues relevant to reconstruction, including slavery, race, citizenship, and democracy; his dealings with Congressional Republicans, especially the Radicals; his support for and eventual abandonment of colonization; his dealings with the border states; his handling of the calls for negotiations with the Confederacy as a way of reconstructing the Union; and his move toward emancipation and its implications for his approach to reconstruction. As the Civil War progressed, Rodrigue shows, Lincoln’s definition of reconstruction transformed from the mere restoration of the seceded states to a more fundamental social, economic, and political reordering of southern society and of the Union itself. Based on Lincoln’s own words and writings as well as an extensive array of secondary literature, Rodrigue traces the evolution of Lincoln’s thinking on reconstruction, providing new insight into a downplayed aspect of his presidency.
"Here is the Crow-Flies-High band of Hidatsa, who lived on the site in the late nineteenth century; here is the "wild west" town of Mondak, founded in 1904 to peddle alcohol to North Dakotans; and here are the Park Service personnel, whose mission to preserve what is left of the historic fort puts them in direct conflict with civic leaders who want the entire site reconstructed to draw more tourists. Matzko chronicles the struggle, with all the political plays, bureaucratic snags, and chance twists that led to the reconstructionists' victory - and to one of the largest archaeological excavations ever mounted by the National Park Service.
Old Issues in Regard to Slavery are Dead, and New Issues are Upon Us : Speech of Hon. A.J. Rogers, of New Jersey, on Amending the Constitution and Reconstructing the Union : Delivered in the House of Representatives, February 26, 1866
The Civil War transformed American life. Not only did thousands of men die on battlefields and millions of slaves become free; cultural institutions reshaped themselves in the context of the war and its aftermath. The first book to examine the Civil War’s immediate and long-term impact on higher education, Reconstructing the Campus begins by tracing college communities’ responses to the secession crisis and the outbreak of war. Students made supplies for the armies or left campus to fight. Professors joined the war effort or struggled to keep colleges open. The Union and Confederacy even took over some campuses for military use. Then moving beyond 1865, the book explores the war’s long-term effects on colleges. Michael David Cohen argues that the Civil War and the political and social conditions the war created prompted major reforms, including the establishment of a new federal role in education. Reminded by the war of the importance of a well-trained military, Congress began providing resources to colleges that offered military courses and other practical curricula. Congress also, as part of a general expansion of the federal bureaucracy that accompanied the war, created the Department of Education to collect and publish data on education. For the first time, the U.S. government both influenced curricula and monitored institutions. The war posed special challenges to Southern colleges. Often bereft of students and sometimes physically damaged, they needed to rebuild. Some took the opportunity to redesign themselves into the first Southern universities. They also admitted new types of students, including the poor, women, and, sometimes, formerly enslaved blacks. Thus, while the Civil War did great harm, it also stimulated growth, helping, especially in the South, to create our modern system of higher education.
Some would say Reconstruction was just as significant of a period of time as the Civil War was itself. Even after slavery was abolished, there were still many issues that needed to be addressed. This innovative volume delves into these issues and sheds light on this significant time in United States history. Important social issues, such as racism and prejudice, are also discussed through detailed and age-appropriate text. Colorful photographs help the reader further understand this important subject, making for an excellent supplement to social studies curriculum.
Conference Report, CEPS Ideas Lab, 23-24 February 2017, The Egg, Brussels
Category: European Union countries
Reconstructing the Union was the ambitious but timely theme of CEPS' fourth big forum for debate, the Ideas Lab. Experts from 11 policy domains shared their insights on the many and complex challenges facing Europe. In the view of many participants, this was the best Ideas Lab to date, with a total of 834 attending the event over two days. This report gives an overview of the insights gleaned from the many discussions that took place during Lab and plenary sessions, prime talks and interactive debates. The 2017 CEPS Ideas lab was organised in collaboration with the Maltese Presidency of the European Council and the Malta Financial Services Authority; we are enormously grateful to both for their support and contributions. A number of other research institutes and foundations also contributed to individual Labs with both human and financial resources, and various CEPS corporate members also provided financial support. We thank them all for helping to make this year's Ideas Lab a success.
Families, communities, and the nation itself were irretrievably altered by the Civil War and the subsequent societal transformations of the nineteenth century. The repercussions of the war incited a broad range of unique problems in Appalachia, including political dynamics, racial prejudices, and the regional economy. Andrew L. Slap's anthology Reconstructing Appalachia reveals life in Appalachia after the ravages of the Civil War, an unexplored area that has left a void in historical literature. Addressing a gap in the chronicles of our nation, this vital collection explores little-known aspects of history with a particular focus on the Reconstruction and post-Reconstruction periods. Acclaimed scholars John C. Inscoe, Gordon B. McKinney, and Ken Fones-Wolf are joined by up-and-comers like Mary Ella Engel, Anne E. Marshall, and Kyle Osborn in a unique volume of essays investigating postwar Appalachia with clarity and precision. Featuring a broad geographic focus, these compelling essays cover postwar events in Georgia, Kentucky, North Carolina, Tennessee, West Virginia, and Pennsylvania. This approach provides an intimate portrait of Appalachia as a diverse collection of communities where the values of place and family are of crucial importance. Highlighting a wide array of topics including racial reconciliation, tension between former Unionists and Confederates, the evolution of post–Civil War memory, and altered perceptions of race, gender, and economic status, Reconstructing Appalachia is a timely and essential study of a region rich in heritage and tradition.
The European Payments Union is generally perceived as having been a critical step toward the reconstruction of free international trade and payments following World War II. The success with which the countries of what became the European Community restored economic stability and rebuilt their international transactions in the 1950s led many to recommend an EPU-like arrangement for the independent states of the former Soviet Union. This book presents an historical assessment of post-World War II Western European experience for Eastern Europe and the former Soviet Union. It identifies critical problems with attempting to apply the EPU model to those parts of the world today.
Focuses on the causes of the failure to convict Jackson, the consequences of his acquittal, and the relationship of the impeachment to the ill success of Reconstruction. Trefousse (history, Brooklyn College) also re-examines Jackson's character. Annotation copyrighted by Book News, Inc., Portland, OR
Reconstructing the South studies the aftermath of the Civil War, discusses how racist laws kept former slaves in inferior positions compared with whites, and explores how the actions of people in the mid-1800s continue to impact African Americans today. Features include a timeline, a glossary, further readings, websites, source notes, and an index. Aligned to Common Core Standards and correlated to state standards. Essential Library is an imprint of Abdo Publishing, a division of ABDO.
Grassroots Black Politics in the Deep South After the Civil War
Author: Justin Behrend
Publisher: University of Georgia Press
Category: Biography & Autobiography
Within a few short years after emancipation, freedpeople of the Natchez District created a new democracy in the Reconstruction era, replacing the oligarchic rule of slaveholders and Confederates with a grassroots democracy that transformed the South after the Civil War.
Discourse and Subjectivity in Oral Histories of the Second World War
Author: Penny Summerfield
Publisher: Manchester University Press
RECONSTRUCTING WOMEN'S WARTIME LIVES is about the effects of the Second War War on women's sense of themselves. At the heart of the book is the dichotomy of women who heroically held men's jobs and women who stoically endured the pressures and privations of war at home. These personal accounts reveal the often unexpected ways in which women reconstructed their wartime lives.
Reconstructing the Constitution in the Aftermath of the Civil War
Author: Michael Bellesiles
Publisher: St. Martin's Press
The evolution of the battle for true equality in America seen through the men, ideas, and politics behind the 13th, 14th, and 15th Amendments passed at the end of the Civil War. On July 4, 1852, Frederick Douglass stood in front of a crowd in Rochester, New York, and asked, “What to the slave is the Fourth of July?” The audience had invited him to speak on the day celebrating freedom, and had expected him to offer a hopeful message about America; instead, he’d offered back to them their own hypocrisy. How could the Constitution defend both freedom and slavery? How could it celebrate liberty with one hand while withdrawing it with another? Theirs was a country which promoted and even celebrated inequality. From the very beginning, American history can be seen as a battle to reconcile the large gap between America’s stated ideals and the reality of its republic. Its struggle is not one of steady progress toward greater freedom and equality, but rather for every step forward there is a step taken in a different direction. In Inventing Equality, Michael A. Bellesiles traces the evolution of the battle for true equality—the stories of those fighting forward, to expand the working definition of what it means to be an American citizen—from the Revolution through the late nineteenth century. He identifies the systemic flaws in the Constitution, and explores through the role of the Supreme Court and three Constitutional amendments—the 13th, 14th, and 15th—the ways in which equality and inequality waxed and waned over the decades.