Learn how to create professional collaboration between HIV/AIDS researchers and community organizations for the benefit of all! This book is designed to help frontline prevention organizations answer two questions that are of utmost importance. First, how effective are their services; and second, can their work be improved? The absence of rigorous evaluation is a barrier to stable funding for community organizations, and the strategies in Preventing AIDS: Community-Science Collaborations can help overcome that barrier. The book is a guide to successful cooperative efforts between researchers and community-based organizations. The information it presents will help community-based programs acquire detailed, timely information on program effectiveness and outcomes. It also provides researchers with methods for accessing hard-to-reach or hidden HIV high-risk groups. Handy tables and figures make important data easy to access and understand. In Preventing AIDS: Community-Science Collaborations, you’ll learn about the difficult but critically important collaboration between community organizations who do frontline prevention work and university scientists who evaluate the effectiveness of that work. The book describes the community-researcher equal partner collaboration (CREPC) model for community-based collaborative research. In addition, it examines six unique efforts to prevent the spread of AIDS among high-risk populations, such as prostitutes, injection drug users, impoverished pregnant women, migrant workers, transgendered persons, and prison inmates. The case studies in Preventing AIDS: Community-Science Collaborations describe the frustrations of outreach workers and counselors who suddenly must help design a survey they fear will be intrusive, and the parallel problems faced by scientists who are told that their traditional measures mean little to outreach workers. Preventing AIDS: Community-Science Collaborations presents funders’ perspectives on collaborative AIDS research and examines the collaborative and funding aspects of: the CAL-PEP prevention programs for drug injectors and sex workers efforts to promote HIV prevention for migrant farm workers and evaluate those efforts’ effectiveness the ongoing collaboration between The Center for AIDS Prevention Studies (University of California, San Francisco), Centerforce (a statewide nonprofit agency providing services and advocacy to prisoners and their families), and San Quentin State Prison the effort of the Los Angeles County HIV Epidemiology Program and three community-based organizations, which collaborate to provide culturally appropriate outreach and HIV education/prevention services to transgendered individuals of various ethnic origins San Francisco’s PHREDA project and the way its creators collaborated to better understand and serve high-risk women The U-Find-Out (UFO) Study, funded by the Universitywide AIDS Research Program of the State of California
Charles H Candler Professor Rollins School of Public Health Emory University Atlanta Georgia Ralph J Diclemente, PhD
Author: Charles H Candler Professor Rollins School of Public Health Emory University Atlanta Georgia Ralph J Diclemente, PhD
Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media
This is the first comprehensive review and examination of the effectiveness of behavioral interventions to reduce HIV-related high-risk behaviors. It describes current theoretical models and emprical studies of behavioral interventions; details the state-of-the-art of behavioral intervention strategies for high-risk populations; and identifies limitations and gaps in prior research and discusses implications for future investigations. This vital text will help researchers and clinicians plan, develop, and evaluate behavioral change approaches to HIV prevention.
This book is devoted exclusively to the subject of developing effective programs to prevent the transmission of HIV infection. It describes the design, implementation, operation and evaluation of AIDS prevention programs. Unlike books on AIDS prevention that are limited to a particular group or risk behaviour, Preventing AIDS approaches the health threat of HIV infection comprehensively and describes risk reduction programs targeted to gay and bisexual men, intravenous drug users, women, adolescents and racial and ethnic minorities, among others.
This book provides a comprehensive overview of behavioral interventions to prevent HIV-AIDS risk-related behaviors. It synthesizes the empirical literature on individual, group, and community-level interventions and provides an objective and detailed assessment of intervention outcomes. Factors associated with behavioral risk for HIV transmission, theories of HIV risk behavior change, and the state of HIV prevention technology transfer are also reviewed. Additionally, behavioral interventions for adolescents and adults of diverse ethnic and sexual backgrounds are discussed with respect to each intervention type. Although the focus is on sexual risk reduction, interventions for sexual behavior of substance abusing populations are also covered.
Explains how the HIV virus spreads and what safer sex is; then discusses why young people should abstain or think carefully about sex; and gives information about high-risk behaviour and how to avoid it.
Public health has a legacy of neglect regarding social and behavioral research. Too often, prompted by technical and scientific progress, we have ignored even marginalized-the vital "human element" in health thinking and prac tice. Thus, for example, while family planning programs focused on providing a choice among safe and effective contraceptive methods (a supremely worthy goal), the central issue of sexuality and sexual behavior was generally neglected. Similarly, the enormous and important efforts to develop rapid and reliable diagnostic and treatment methods for sexually transmitted diseases helped divert attention away from the crucial issues of sexual practice. In short, we seem to have difficulty addressing the fundamental behaviors-including sex, drug taking and other intoxications, and violence-that are central to the major causes of preventable morbidity, disability, and premature mortality in the world today. Our collective reluctance to examine and understand ourselves is also expressed in the oft-repeated pipedream that scientific progress will "take care of" the HIV / AIDS pandemic by delivering a preventive vaccine, an effective cure, or both. Yet even a cursory glance at the relationship between scientific/ technical progress and health shows that meeting the scientific challenges is only one step toward effective application of the vaccine or drug. It is typical, not atypical, that hepatitis B vaccine is only now becoming relatively freely available to large populations in the developing world, more than a decade after the vaccine's licensure.
This handbook has been developed to support health educators, community workers, teachers and parents in their efforts to protect the African American people from the scrouge of HIV/AIDS. The primary target of the hand book are teenagers/youth and other African American persons who are the less fortunate components of our society, because it is this population that is most susceptible to this scourge. However suggestions included here in apply virtually to all populations especially culturally different people such as Hispanic etc. Prevention of HIV/AIDS among adults helps to maintain an enlightened parent population prevents AIDS transmitted from the older to the younger generation as in some communities, the elder people are involved in sexual relationships with young adolescents. The authors commend organizations and individuals such as Bill and Melinda Gates, Honble U.S.President Barack Obama and former US president they funded billions of dollars to offer treatment of HIV/AIDS infected people and for education of people most susceptible to HIV infection. This hand book titled Strategies for Awareness and its Prevention of HIV/AIDS Among African American (Mehta and Kalra) compliments these efforts with the hope that its contents when followed may reduce the spending required to arrest the HIV/AIDS cases and make the funds available for educational projects that impact lifestyle so that spread is stopped and menace of HIV/ AIDS epidemic among African American is reversed. Some of the suggestions have been adapted from Prof. Kalra and Prof. Sutman book titled WORLD PERSPECTIVE ON HIV /AIDS for the less fortunate with their due permission.
"The theory that AIDS originated in African monkeys arose from an incident of laboratory contamination." The scientific literature is clear: (1) New York City is the epicenter of the AIDS epidemic; (2) the theory that HIV came from monkeys is a fallacy; the theory that AIDS originated in African monkeys arose from an incident of laboratory contamination; and (3) the African AIDS epidemic-as-holocaust never manifested."The first Africans diagnosed with AIDS were residents of Belgium." Fully referenced, based on a forensic review of over 3000 scientific and medical journal articles, this book redefines global concepts for the prevalence and distribution of HIV infection. For many readers, each page will be a revelation as the Author not only deconstructs many myths and misconceptions, but also describes how the current misconceptions came into being."The first documented case of international HIV transmission occurred between New York City and Copenhagen." The adjuvant companion book, HIV/AIDS in SOUTH AFRICA - THE FACTS AND THE FICTION provides numerical substantiation for some of the assertions presented in HIV/AIDS - The Facts and the Fiction. Together, they redefine global concepts for the prevalence and distribution of HIV infection, and have powerful implications for HIV/AIDS funding, research prerogatives, and global health care interventions.The author's prior book, UNDERSTANDING AND PREVENTING AIDS: A BOOK FOR EVERYONE was favorably reviewed by the New England Journal of Medicine adopted for staff education by Massachusetts General Hospital, the hospital affiliated with Harvard Medical School; the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services (HHS); the National Institutes of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID); and Walter Reed Army Medical Institute sold in medical bookstores purchased by innumerable city and state health agencies and utilized as a textbook at colleges, nursing schools, and public health schools.
Offering both doctor and patient perspectives, 100 Questions & Answers About HIV and AIDS, Fifth Edition provides authoritative and practical answers to the most commonly asked questions by patients and their loved ones. What is the difference between HIV and AIDS? How can HIV infection be prevented? How do I find the right medical care? Along with the answers to these and other questions, this book provides information on diagnosis, treatment, living with HIV and more. Updated to provide the latest information, 100 Questions & Answers About HIV and AIDS, Fifth Edition is an invaluable resource for anyone coping with the physical and emotional uncertainty of this disease.
Until now, planners seeking to create HIV prevention programs in developing countries relied on published interventions successfully implemented in the industrialized world. This volume brings together HIV researchers and activists who describe intervention strategies employed primarily in developing countries. With the battle to control HIV continuing, the contributors provide insights from the field as they summarize implementation problems, successes and failures. End-of-chapter summaries and references are key features. HIV program planners, medical and social workers, researchers, and activists will benefit from Preventing HIV in Developing Countries.
HIV Treatment as Prevention: Primer for Behavior-Based Implementation provides the first practical guide to integrating behavioral prevention with antiretroviral therapies for people living with HIV infection. This brief book discusses the historical and social context embedding the shifting landscape in HIV prevention, where the use of effective treatments have become the focus of HIV prevention. While using treatments for prevention is promising, the history of HIV prevention offers several important pitfalls that must be avoided if HIV treatments are to ultimately succeed in preventing new HIV infections. Lessons learned from the successes and failures of other biomedical technologies used in HIV prevention, specifically syringes, condoms, and HIV testing are critical to the success of using HIV treatments for prevention. HIV Treatment as Prevention: Primer for Behavior-Based Implementation summarizes the scientific evidence for advancing the use of antiretroviral therapies for HIV prevention. The evidence makes clear that HIV treatments can prevent HIV transmission, but will fail if behavioral aspects of treatment and HIV transmission are ignored. Of greatest concern are medication adherence and risks for contracting other sexually transmitted infections. Placing HIV treatment within the context of behavioral interventions for maintaining medication adherence and reducing sexual risk behaviors is therefore essential to the future of HIV prevention. HIV Treatment as Prevention: Primer for Behavior-Based Implementation highlights two pioneering behavioral interventions aimed at maximizing the effects of antiretroviral therapies for preventing HIV transmission. One of the interventions, developed by the Author’s research team, is discussed in detail and the intervention manual is included as an Appendix.
The HIV/AIDS epidemic has the potential to impede and even reverse development if not addressed early enough. Poverty and income inequality have been shown to facilitate the diffusion of HIV epidemics. While abject poverty in the Middle East and North Africa region remains low, a significant proportion of the population (23.2%) live under $2 per day and are extremely vulnerable in their ability to cope with shocks. In order to preserve the benefits of national and regional development investments put in place by governments, and donor agencies, greater investments to improve HIV/AIDS advocacy, information and prevention strategies are needed now to maintain the current low prevalence levels. This title outlines the role of the Bank in confronting the HIV/AIDS epidemic in the region based on a review of needs and gaps at the regional and country level.
This book provides an overview of the current epidemiology of the HIV epidemic among young people in Eastern and Southern Africa (ESA) and examines the efforts to confront and reduce the high level of new HIV infections amongst young people. Taking a multi-dimensional approach to prevention, the contributors discuss the many challenges facing these efforts, in view of the slow progress in curbing the incidence of HIV amongst young people, focusing particularly on the structural and social drivers of HIV. Through an examination of these issues, chapters in this book provide valuable insights on how to mitigate HIV risk among young people and what can be regarded as the catalysts to mounting credible policy and programmatic responses required to achieve epidemic control in the region. The contributors draw on examples from a range of primary and secondary data sources to illustrate promising practices and challenges in HIV prevention, demonstrating links between conceptual approaches to prevention and lessons learnt from implementation projects in the region. Bringing together social scientists and public health experts who are actively engaged in finding effective solutions, the book discusses 'which interventions works', 'why they work', and the limitations and gaps in our knowledge to curb the pandemic amongst young people. As such it is an important read for researchers focusing on HIV/AIDS and public health. The Open Access version of this book, available at https: //www.taylorfrancis.com/books/e/10.4324/9780429462818 has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 4.0 license.