Posttraumatic and Acute Stress Disorder

Author: Matthew Friedman

Publisher: Jones & Bartlett Learning


Category: Medical

Page: 138

View: 410

Posttraumatic and Acute Stress Disorder, Fifth Edition is a concise, up-to-date presentation of the latest scientific information and clinical challenges regarding posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) as well as acute reactions to stressful events. Written for non-PTSD specialists including practitioners in general psychiatry, primary care practitioners and graduate students, Post Traumatic & Acute Stress Disorder, Fifth Edition explicitly addresses diagnostic, including differential diagnostic, and assessment issues. This newest edition now includes current examples of PTSD in military personnel deployed to Iraq and Afghanistan.

Posttraumatic and Acute Stress Disorders

Author: Matthew J. Friedman

Publisher: Springer


Category: Medical

Page: 155

View: 272

A handy, easy-to-read reference for the diagnosis and treatment of posttraumatic and acute stress disorders, this important 6th edition has been revised and updated extensively, offering a wealth of new information in a concise format of 6 sections. The new DSM-5 diagnostic criteria for PTSD and Acute Stress Disorder (ASD) are discussed, in depth, in Chapters 2 and 6, respectively. In addition, updated tables listing instruments for assessing diagnosis and symptom severity are cited and annotated in seven appendices, as in previous editions. Chapters 3-5 have been revised to keep pace with the ever-expanding literature on treatment of PTSD. This is especially true in Chapter 4 where, in addition to a focus on evidence-based cognitive-behavioral therapy, CBT and other individual psychosocial treatments (e.g. eye movement desensitization and reprocessing, EMDR), the growing literature is presented on couples, family, group and school-based treatments for adults, children and adolescents. Chapter 5 reviews the pathophysiology of PTSD and evidence-based pharmacotherapy for the disorder. Chapter 6 addresses both normal acute stress reactions and clinically significant ASD, as well as effective interventions for each. A comprehensive, sophisticated, practical reference for all clinicians, Posttraumatic and Acute Stress Disorders, 6th Edition is an invaluable resource designed to guide the best clinical attention for individuals suffering from posttraumatic an d acute stress disorders.

Australian Guidelines for the Treatment of Adults with Acute Stress Disorder and Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Author: Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health



Category: Post-traumatic stress disorder

Page: 169

View: 851

Australian health practitioners now have their own guidelines to help people with acute stress disorder and posttraumatic stress Disorder (ASD and PTSD). Approved by the National Medical Health and Research Council, these new Guidelines will assist health practitioners to determine: When is the right time for different interventions? What is the best approach for helping people affected by trauma? The Australian Centre for Posttraumatic Mental Health (ACPMH) developed the Guidelines in consultation with trauma experts from a range of disciplines, as well as people affected by trauma. These Guidelines provide practical recommendations applicable in all healthcare settings.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Issues and Controversies

Author: Gerald Rosen

Publisher: John Wiley & Sons


Category: Psychology

Page: 268

View: 101

Is Posttraumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) an illness that arises after horrific and life-threatening events? Or is it a label that medicalizes human suffering, and brings with it more problems than it solves? Still a relatively new diagnosis, PTSD has changed our vocabulary and shaped our views on human coping and resilience. Yet almost every assumption upon which the diagnosis rests has come under question. In this volume, Gerald Rosen brings together leading international scholars in posttraumatic studies to consider the most contentious debates. Each chapter offers an analysis of the issues, reviews current research, and clarifies implications for the practicing clinician. Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: Issues and Controversies is essential reading for all practitioners, researchers, and students who work in the field of trauma. Professionals in related health fields and the law will also find this book useful.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

DSM-IV and Beyond

Author: Jonathan R. T. Davidson

Publisher: American Psychiatric Pub


Category: Medical

Page: 262

View: 660

Of all psychiatric disorders, posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) poses one of the greatest challenges to clinicians. Drs. Davidson and Foa, pioneers in the study of PTSD, have teamed up to edit this landmark volume. In Posttraumatic Stress Disorder: DSM-IV® and Beyond, members of the DSM-IV Subcommittee on PTSD present a comprehensive and fascinating review of the currently established knowledge about the etiology, epidemiology, neurobiology, course, and clinical presentations of posttraumatic stress syndromes and future directions for study.

Posttraumatic Stress Disorder

Scientific and Professional Dimensions

Author: Julian D. Ford

Publisher: Academic Press


Category: Psychology

Page: 456

View: 938

This authored text-reference will be the first comprehensive text in the rapidly growing field of psychological trauma and posttraumatic stress disorder. According to the NIMH, approximately 5.2 million American adults already suffer from post traumatic stress disorder. Caused by everything from combat experience to violent personal assaults to natural disasters and accidents, the incidence of PTSD has already reached epidemic proportions. The profound impact of psychological trauma and the need for proactive and scientifically-based approaches to timely prevention and evidence based treatment is unarguable and mental health programs are seeing a significant rise in the number of PTSD courses offered and services required. As a result, scholars, researchers, educators, clinicians, and trainees in the health care and human and social services need a concise and comprehensive source of authoritative information on psychological trauma and posttraumatic stress. This volume will offer a foundational understanding of the field as well cover key controversies, the influence of culture and gender, and describe state-of-the-art research and clinical methodologies in down-to-earth terms. Clinical case studies will be used liberally. * Concise but comprehensive coverage of biological, clinical and social issues surrounding PTSD * Thoroughly covers evidence-based treatments, enabling the reader to translate current research into effective practice * Exemplifies practical application through case studies

The Oxford Handbook of Traumatic Stress Disorders

Author: J. Gayle Beck

Publisher: Oxford University Press


Category: Psychology

Page: 576

View: 668

The experience of traumatic events is a near-universal, albeit unfortunate, part of the human experience. Given how many individuals are exposed to trauma, it is interesting to question why some individuals are resilient in the face of trauma while others go on to develop chronic post-traumatic stress. Throughout the relatively brief history of the psychological study of trauma, a number of themes have consistently emerged; many of these themes remain essential elements within our current study of traumatic stress disorders, as summarized within this volume. The Oxford Handbook of Traumatic Stress Disorders addresses the current landscape of research and clinical knowledge surrounding traumatic stress disorders. Bringing together a group of highly-regarded experts, this volume is divided into six sections, together summarizing the current state of knowledge about 1) classification and phenomenology, 2) epidemiology and special populations, 3) contributions from theory, 4) assessment, 5) prevention and early intervention efforts, and 6) treatment of individuals with post-trauma mental health symptoms. Throughout the volume, attention is paid to identifying current controversies in the literature and highlighting directions that hold promise for future work.







View: 562

Abstract Background Previous work has shown that inhibition of fear is impaired in posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) resulting from both civilian and combat trauma. The purpose of the present study was to investigate the inhibition of learned fear in traumatized individuals diagnosed with either acute stress disorder (ASD) or PTSD. This is the first study to use a conditioned inhibition paradigm with traumatized individuals within a month of trauma exposure. We hypothesized that impaired fear inhibition would be evident in PTSD, but not ASD. Method Using established translational, psychophysiological methods including fear‐potentiated startle, and skin conductance, we examined fear acquisition, stimulus discrimination, and the transfer of learned safety in a Croatian population with ASD or PTSD. This cross‐sectional study included three age‐matched groups: healthy nontrauma controls (n = 27), a group with chronic PTSD (10 or more years since trauma exposure, n = 24), and a group with ASD (30 days or less since trauma exposure, n = 27). Results The presence of trauma‐related psychopathology, whether acute or chronic, was associated with an impaired ability to transfer learned safety based on fear‐potentiated startle measures, while healthy control subjects showed significant fear inhibition in the presence of the safety cue compared to the danger cue, F(1, 26) = 12.64, P = .001. Conclusions These data expand our previously observed findings of PTSD‐associated fear inhibition deficits by demonstrating that trauma‐related impairments in safety learning are evident within 30 days of trauma exposure.