Pioneers of Cardiac Surgery

Author: William S. Stoney

Publisher: Vanderbilt University Press

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 553

View: 841

Heart operations today are quite common and relatively low-risk, but in the beginning it was just the opposite. Cardiac operations were reserved for desperately ill patients. The author documents this dramatic transition with profiles of 38 surgeons who were active between 1940 and 1985. The profiles are edited transcripts of interviews videotaped between 1996 and 2004. They tell of the development of new techniques such as the "blue baby operation," the first heart-lung machine, the first artificial heart valve, and the first coronary bypass operation. They also tell the unusual life stories of the surgeons and allude to professional and institutional rivalries. A particularly valuable part of the book is the author's brief history of cardiac surgery, designed to orient the reader for reading the profiles that follow.

The Evolution of Cardiac Surgery

Author: Harris B. Shumacker

Publisher: Indiana University Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 476

View: 747

"This book is the first complete history of the development of heart surgery. Its story ranges from the observations of the ancient Greeks through early efforts to repair heart wounds in the nineteenth century to the extraordinary advances of the present day. Noted heart surgeon Harris B. Shumacker has scoured the vast literature on heart surgery in many languages and has succeeded in untangling the complex strands of a fascinating story. An active and respected participant in the last half-century of this history, Shumacker brings to his narrative an experts insights and a wealth of first-hand experience." "As a backdrop for what is to come, Shumacker surveys the prehistory of modern heart surgery, but his story begins in earnest in the 1920s and 1930s, when the first attempts were made to operate on the heart and adjacent vessels to correct congenital malformations. He describes the early operations on the great vessels and surface of the heart; intracardiac manipulations upon the beating, functioning, and unsupported heart; and operations carried out within the opened heart." "With the meticulous care of a surgeon, Shumacker retraces the incremental growth in our knowledge of the human heart and its repair with clear discussions of each innovative procedure, both the successes and the failures. He pays special attention to clarifying the individual contributions of the many doctors and researchers throughout the world who have played a role in this still-developing story." "Shumacker concludes with the revolutionary developments of contemporary heart surgery: the heart-lung machine, deep hypothermia and circulatory arrest, cardiac support devices, heart transplants, and the artificial heart. Here is a comprehensive history and an important resource for the medical professional and the medical historian." --Book Jacket.

A History of Cardiac Surgery

An Adventurous Voyage from Antiquity to the Artificial Heart

Author: Ugo Filippo Tesler

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 525

View: 885

The beginning of cardiac surgery is generally considered to be the successful repair of a wound of the heart that took place on the 7th of September 1896 in Frankfurt am Main. This operation put an end to the widespread belief that nature had set the heart beyond the limits of surgery. The successive development of heart surgery moved together with other advances that were rapidly taking place in various fields of medicine and surgery and which, already in the first half of the 20th century, had allowed surgical pioneers to successfully correct a number of congenital and acquired heart diseases by adopting closed-heart techniques. Undoubtedly, the most notable progress in the history of cardiac surgery took place between the second half of the 1950s and the end of the 1960s with the introduction of extra-corporeal circulation that allowed surgeons to perform interventions under direct vision within the bloodless heart chambers. This fundamental technological innovation fostered the development of surgical procedures that are still adopted to this day. Among these that must be mentioned are the correction of complex congenital heart diseases, the designing and creation of implantable prosthetic heart valves, the introduction of coronary artery surgery, the repair of severe diseases of the aorta, the commencement of heart transplantation, and the first implantation of an artificial heart. This book narrates these fascinating and sometimes dramatic events, as well as detailing some of the greatest pioneers of cardiac surgery.

The Heart Club

A History of London's Heart Surgery Pioneers

Author: Tom Treasure

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 312

View: 959

Surgery on the heart was explicitly ruled out of medical teaching in the 1940s. A team of London surgeons lead by Russell Brock were determined to challenge and reverse that dogma. Together, they would help to change the history of heart surgery and the chances of survival for future patients.

A History of Cardiac Surgery: An Adventurous Voyage from Antiquity to the Artificial Heart

Author:

Publisher: Cambridge Scholars Publishing

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 525

View: 700

The beginning of cardiac surgery is generally considered to be the successful repair of a wound of the heart that took place on the 7th of September 1896 in Frankfurt am Main. This operation put an end to the widespread belief that nature had set the heart beyond the limits of surgery. The successive development of heart surgery moved together with other advances that were rapidly taking place in various fields of medicine and surgery and which, already in the first half of the 20th century, had allowed surgical pioneers to successfully correct a number of congenital and acquired heart diseases by adopting closed-heart techniques. Undoubtedly, the most notable progress in the history of cardiac surgery took place between the second half of the 1950s and the end of the 1960s with the introduction of extra-corporeal circulation that allowed surgeons to perform interventions under direct vision within the bloodless heart chambers. This fundamental technological innovation fostered the development of surgical procedures that are still adopted to this day. Among these that must be mentioned are the correction of complex congenital heart diseases, the designing and creation of implantable prosthetic heart valves, the introduction of coronary artery surgery, the repair of severe diseases of the aorta, the commencement of heart transplantation, and the first implantation of an artificial heart. This book narrates these fascinating and sometimes dramatic events, as well as detailing some of the greatest pioneers of cardiac surgery.

The Knife's Edge

Author: Stephen Westaby

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Heart surgeons

Page: 326

View: 290

An intimate and compelling exploration into the unique psyche of the heart surgeon, by one of the profession's most eminent figures. Although Professor Stephen Westaby was born with the necessary coordination and manual dexterity, it was a head trauma sustained during university that gifted him the qualities of an exceptional heart surgeon: qualities that are frequently associated with psychopathy. His thirty-five-year career has been characterised by fearlessness and ruthless ambition; leaving empathy at the hospital door as thousands of patients put their lives in his hands. For heart surgeons, the inevitable cost of failure is death and in The Knife's Edge, Westaby reflects on the unique mindset of those who are drawn to this exhilarating and often tragic profession. We discover the pioneers who grasped opportunities and took chances to drive innovation and save lives. Often difficult, uninhibited and fearless, theirs is a field constantly threatened by the risk of public failure. Like those before him, Westaby refuses to draw the line in his search of a lifetime solution to problems of the heart. His determination is unerring - a steadfastness underpinned by his unusual mind. But as we glimpse into the future of cardiac surgery, for all its remarkable scientific advancement, one question remains: within the confines of socialised medical healthcare systems, how can heart surgeons - individuals often hardwired with avoidance of self-doubt, a penchant for glory and a flagrant disregard for authority - truly flourish?

Open Heart

A Cardiac Surgeon s Stories of Life and Death on the Operating Table

Author: Steve Westaby

Publisher: Basic Books

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 320

View: 950

When Stephen Westaby witnessed a patient die on the table during an open heart surgery for the first time, he was struck by the quiet, determined way the surgeons walked away. As he soon understood, this detachment was a crucial survival strategy. In a profession where failure is literally a heartbeat away and the cost of that failure is death, how else could he live with the consequences of his performance? In Open Heart, Westaby reflects on over 11,000 surgeries, showing us why the procedures have never become routine and will never be. With astonishing compassion and candor, Dr. Westaby recounts the fraught and alarming stories from his operating room: we meet a pulseless man who lives with an electric heart pump, an expecting mother who refuses surgery unless the doctors let her pregnancy reach full term, and a baby who gets a transplanted heart—only to die once it's in place. For readers of Atul Gawande and of Henry Marsh's Do No Harm, Open Heart offers unforgettable insight into how to push back death, until nothing is left to do but to accept it.

Close to the Sun

The Journey of a Pioneer Heart Surgeon

Author: Stuart Jamieson

Publisher: RosettaBooks

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 336

View: 411

“A surgeon internationally recognized for his expertise in heart and lung transplants . . . writes with assurance and aplomb about his achievements.”—Kirkus Reviews Stuart Jamieson has lived two lives. One began in heat and dust. Born to British ex-pats in colonial Africa, Jamieson was sent at the age of eight to a local boarding school, where heartless instructors bullied and tormented their students. In the summers he escaped to fish on crocodile-infested rivers and explore the African bush. As a teenager, an apprenticeship with one of Africa’s most fabled trackers taught Jamieson how to deal with dangerous game and even more dangerous poachers, lessons that would later serve him well in the high-stakes career he chose. Jamieson’s second life unfolded when he went to London to study medicine during the turbulent 1960s, leaving behind the only home he knew as it descended into revolution. Brilliant and self-assured, Jamieson advanced quickly in the still-new field of open-heart surgery. It was a fraught time. For patients with terminal heart disease, heart transplants were the new hope. But poor outcomes had all but ended the procedure. In 1978 Jamieson came to America and to Stanford—the only cardiac center in the world doing heart transplants successfully. Here, Jamieson’s pioneering work on the anti-rejection drug cyclosporin would help to make heart transplantation a routine life-saving operation, that is still in practice today as he continues to train the next generation of heart surgeons. Stuart Jamieson’s story is the story of four decades of advances in heart surgery. “Every reader interested in the history behind one of medicine’s riskiest procedures will find it fascinating.”—Booklist

Pioneers Who Transformed Coronary Disease

From Eisenhower’s Heart Attack to Clinton’s Coronary Surgery and Stents

Author: Allyn Mark M.D.

Publisher: AuthorHouse

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 184

View: 905

In 1955 at a time when the cold war was tense, President Eisenhower suffered a massive acute myocardial infarction (heart attack) while on vacation in Denver. His primary treatment consisted of six weeks of strict bedrest. Fortunately, Ike recovered his heart attack and served a second term only to succumb to further heart attacks and heart failure after his second term. In retrospect, we now know that at this time, there was virtually nothing of value therapeutically that his physicians had to offer him. In the half century following Ike’s heart attack, innovative doctors led the discovery and development of coronary arteriography, coronary artery bypass surgery, balloon coronary angioplasty and coronary stents, discoveries that dramatically improved the outlook for patients with coronary heart disease. This book tells the personal stories—the biographies--of these physicians—iconoclastic, innovative, charismatic and some tragic—who transformed the treatment of coronary heart disease in the half century after Eisenhower’s heart attack. Former President Bill Clinton is among the millions who have benefited from these discoveries.

The African-American Heart Surgery Pioneer

The Genius of Vivien Thomas

Author: Edwin Brit Wyckoff

Publisher: Enslow Publishing, LLC

ISBN:

Category: Juvenile Nonfiction

Page: 48

View: 300

Vivien Theodore Thomas was an African-American surgical technician who developed the procedures used to treat blue baby syndrome in the 1940s. He was an assistant to surgeon Alfred Blalock in Blalock's experimental animal laboratory at Vanderbilt University in Nashville, Tennessee and later at the Johns Hopkins University in Baltimore, Maryland. Without any education past high school, Thomas rose above poverty and racism to become a cardiac surgery pioneer and a teacher of operative techniques to many of the country's most prominent surgeons. Vivien Thomas was the first African American without a doctorate to perform open heart surgery on a white patient in the United States.

Surgical Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation

A Comprehensive Guide to Performing the Cox Maze IV Procedure

Author: Jonathan Philpott

Publisher: Academic Press

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 334

View: 344

Surgical Treatment of Atrial Fibrillation: A Comprehensive Guide to Performing the Cox-Maze IV Procedure is the first all-inclusive description of this rapidly growing surgery, setting the standard in the field. The Cox-Maze IV procedure is a complex surgery, and its success depends critically on correct execution. With FDA approval, the first RF ablation device for treatment of the Cox-Maze IV procedure has become more important than ever to combine scientific information for the procedure with its connection to human application. This comprehensive text provides step-by-step instructions from an experienced Cox-Maze IV surgeon and is written in the style of a mentor advising his mentee in the operating room. It contains over a dozen lessons described in detail, with illustrations, photographs and a discussion of possible complications and appropriate ways to deal with them. Additionally, the book describes sequencing for the surgeries that are typically performed concomitant with the Cox-Maze IV procedure, determining the optimal way to combine surgeries. Cardiac surgeons, fellows in cardiac surgery, medical students inclined toward cardiac surgery and cardiology researchers will find this book to be of great importance to their work. Offers access to video clips that show the steps of the Maze procedure, the techniques involved and the pitfalls that need to be avoided Includes coverage of post-procedure management of patients, including assessment, patient follow-up, typical complications and participation in outcome databases Provides a detailed discussion of the different energy sources used for the procedure Presents guidelines for sequencing and/or combining concomitant surgeries

Frank Leven Albert Gerbode

Pioneer Cardiovascular Surgeon

Author: Frank Leven Albert Gerbode

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Cardiovascular system

Page: 544

View: 257

The Cardiac Surgical Patient

Pathophysiologic Considerations and Nursing Care [by] Maryann Powers [and] Frances Storlie. Contributors, Elizabeth Rambausek [and] Richard G. Sanderson

Author: Maryann Powers

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Cardiovascular system

Page: 239

View: 343

Heartbeats

The Light-Hearted Memoirs of a Pioneer Heart Surgeon Constantine J. Dino Tatooles, M. D.

Author: James Tatooles

Publisher: Open Books Publishing (UK)

ISBN:

Category:

Page: 128

View: 544

Heartbeats is the light-hearted memoirs of one of the pioneers in modern cardiac surgery, Constantine "Dino" Tatooles, M.D. Dino's stories, as told to his brother James E. Tatooles, will quite literally "warm your heart" as well as provide a background to the advances in cardiac surgery made over the past fifty years. After Medical School, Dr. Tatooles interned at the University of Chicago and received a grant from the Heart Association to open his own medical laboratory. Later, the National Heart Institute selected Dr. Tatooles as one of five doctors to study at the National Institute of Health in Bethesda, Maryland. "That's where we started to perfect a lot of the new operative procedures that are used today," recounts Dr. Tatooles. Ironically, Dr. Tatooles recently had some difficult medicine of his own to swallow when he discovered that he needed a quintuple bypass. As his brother James E. Tatooles relates in Heartbeats, a procedure that Dino helped to develop eventually saved his life.

History and perspectives of cardiology

Catheterization, angiography, surgery and concepts of circular control

Author: H.A. Snellen

Publisher: Springer

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 216

View: 653

The following presents the proceedings of the Einthoven meeting in Leiden, 1-2 November 1979. This meeting aimed at reviewing the historical develop ment of a few selected cardiological topics as a continuous process. Essentially this means reviewing three phases: the early history, the recent past, and the present with an outlook to the future. Mainly because of the chosen fields - clearly our choice of heart catheterization, angiocardiography, and cardiac surgery was not accidental- the emphasis was on recent history, of which its pioneers and their contemporaries can still testify. The opportunity for the older generation to meet again, and for the younger to hear pioneers tell about their work and to listen to experts recreating the past as the forerunner of the present, was a unique and stimulating occasion enjoyed by old and young alike. With great regret it was announced that Dr. Werner Forssmann, who had promised to attend the meeting and was looking forward to it, had died unexpectedly a few months ago. Instead of his personal contribution to the history of the pioneering age, a short tribute to his memory was paid by Dr. Loogen, professor of cardiology in Dusseldorf, and by Sir John McMichael, who showed part of an old movie on heart catheterization, in which Dr. Forssmann explained his part in this development. In his welcoming address, Dr.

Cardiothoracic Surgery in the Elderly

Author: Mark R. Katlic

Publisher: Springer Science & Business Media

ISBN:

Category: Medical

Page: 654

View: 484

Cardiothoracic Surgery in the Elderly: Evidence Based Practice is an important and timely book that reflects the thoughtful work of pioneers in geriatric surgery. It encompasses their knowledge related to geriatric surgery, and their reflections and guidance on the rapidly accumulating knowledge related to improving the health and surgical care of seniors. This book provides a scholarly review of the constantly expanding knowledge base about cardiovascular and thoracic surgery in seniors. The book follows a logical sequence covering general aspects of care, cardiac surgery and thoracic surgery. Chapters are focused on common, devastating and often missed complications of surgical care in the seniors. These include delirium, depression, pressure sores, functional losses, incontinence, volume depletion and asymptomatic or atypical complications -myocardial infarction, post-operative diarrhea, urinary track infections and pneumonia. Each is expertly reviewed. Strategies to help the surgeons and the surgical team anticipate, recognize and effectively prevent or manage such problems are discussed and the evidence basis for such strategies is provided. Cardiothoracic Surgery in the Elderly: Evidence Based Practice is particularly timely and the first to review the substantial body of knowledge that has been developed in recent years related to geriatric cardiothoracic surgical problems. It catalogs well the expanding knowledge basis for achieving successful surgical outcomes in the very old. It provides a most useful resources for cardiovascular thoracic surgeons in training and those already in practice.

Maverick Among the Moguls

The Adventurous Career of a Pioneer Cardiac Surgeon : an Autobiography

Author: Benson B. Roe

Publisher:

ISBN:

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 204

View: 288

Autobiography of the former Senior Scientist, Cardiovascular Research Institute, University of California at San Franicsco, the former President of both the California Academy of Medicine and the San Francisco Heart Association, as well as a leader of several other Bay Area agencies and professional organizations.